Chapter 12

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Chapter 12

  1. 1. Unidad 12 Estructuras Gramaticales
  2. 2. Las formas del imperfecto del subjuntivo • The imperfect subjunctive is formed as follows: Ellos form of the preterite minus -ron + Imperfect subjunctive endings • This pattern applies to all verbs, regular and irregular
  3. 3. Imperfect Subjunctive Infinitive Tomar Beber Vivir Ser/ ir Ellos form of preterite Tomaron Bebieron Vivieron Fueron Que yo Tomara Bebiera Viviera Fuera Que tu Tomaras Bebieras Vivieras Fueras Que el, etc. Tomara Bebiera Viviera Fuera Que nosotros Tomáramos Bebiéramos Viviéramos Fuéramos Que Vosotros Tomarais Bebierais Vivierais Fuerais Que ellos, etc. Tomaran Bebieran Vivieran Fueran
  4. 4. Stem-changing verbs in -ir This pattern applies to stem-changing verbs in -ir also Infinitive Preterite (ellos Imperfect form) subjunctive (yo form) Sentir [ie, i] Sintieron Que yo sintiera Pedir [i, i] Pidieron Que yo pidiera Dormir [ue, u] Durmieron Que yo durmiera
  5. 5. Irregular Preterite Stems This pattern applies to irregular preterite stems also Infinitive Preterite (ellos Imperfect form) Subjunctive (yo form) Traer Trajeron Que yo trajera Estar Estuvieron Que yo estuviera
  6. 6. Un poco mas… • In Spain, a second form of the imperfect subjunctive is used instead of the -ra endings • -se (yo), • -ses (tu), • -se (el, ella, ud.), • -semos (nosotros), • -seis (vosotros), • -sen (ellos, ellas, uds.)
  7. 7. El uso general del imperfecto del subjuntivo • In sentences requiring the subjunctive, the imperfect subjunctive must be used when the verb of the main clause is in a past tense. This occurs: – After a verb or expression of volition – After impersonal expressions conveying a command, opinion, or judgement – After a verb/expression of emotion or doubt – After a relative pronoun when uncertainty is implied – After a conjunction indicating purpose, intent, restriction, or anticipation
  8. 8. También… • The imperfect subjunctive is also used when the verb of the main clause is in the conditional Me gustaría que Usted visitara mi casa. ¡Sí!
  9. 9. Summary Main clause Dependent clause Present tense Present subjunctive Past tense (preterite, Imperfect subjunctive imperfect, pluperfect) or conditional
  10. 10. Las oraciones con si • These sentences contain 2 clauses – A si-clause (if-clause) that states the condition – A main-clause (result clause) that expresses the possible outcome Si-clause (condition) Main Clause (result) When the condition expresses something possible Present indicative Future When the condition expresses something contrary to reality Imperfect subjunctive conditional
  11. 11. También • The imperfect subjunctive is used after “como si” (as if), since this conjunction always refers to something contrary to reality.

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