Pathways to participation in the Digital World: What happens when people with literacy difficulties begin to use ICT for t...
What is a basic literacy? Digital literacy as a basic literacy Insights from learning for digital literacy How should educ...
Literacy <ul><li>…  as Skills   </li></ul><ul><li>Individual have/have not </li></ul><ul><li>Specific to technology/softwa...
Digital Literacy Print Literacy Computer Literacy Information Literacy Media Literacy Literacy and Literacies
What do we mean by a ‘basic’ literacy The question is why we describe some practices, such as using digital technologies, ...
A basic literacy is... <ul><li>Associated with a situation or practice not with an individual </li></ul><ul><li>Such a pra...
The Digital World
Across the 25 EU Member States <ul><li>37% of people aged 16 - 74 lack basic computer skills  </li></ul><ul><li>61% of peo...
Interview Participants
BEN Ben is 48 years old Works in transport Connects with the office for dockets Sees others using computers Feels left out...
Adult Learners <ul><li>Learn what they want to learn and what they perceive as useful   and they integrate new learning wi...
From the student’s perspective... <ul><li>Three significant concepts influencing learning for basic computer skills: </li>...
Competence Desire General Competence Desire Specific Competence Desire
The Digital World <ul><li>I am outside the Digital World  </li></ul><ul><li>The Digital World is to be respected even fear...
The Digital World <ul><li>I did not always have a need to be part of the Digital World but I do now </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Learning Identity
Mary, the 53-year-old retail worker   The reason I decided to participate in the course was as there was a computer in my ...
Mary, the 53-year-old retail worker   (continued) And to be honest even to go on the Internet and look up things or even w...
Ben, 48 year old dockland worker   It’s just that I worked around computers that I never went near them ... in the last jo...
Ben, 48 year old dockland worker   I remember the teacher saying  this’ll do you a world of good.  Yeh right!  Just give m...
Ben, 48 year old dockland worker   .... broadband or whatever that is but it’s a new word for me.  So what is that?  It’s ...
Tim -65 year old recent retiree Dear Gerry, I would like to make a suggesting as the people have no trust in the Governmen...
A Grounded Theory
How should educators respond? The challenge and the opportunity
The Digital World – Narrow the Gap Pedagogic strategies need to deal with the Digital World.  Non-users should to be invit...
Competence Desire – Get Specific <ul><li>Competence Desire is a powerful pro-disposition to support adult students as they...
Competence Desire – Get Specific <ul><li>Learning is best supported by a close connection between the usage and learning c...
Learning Identity <ul><li>Experiences of school still loom large  </li></ul><ul><li>Age and technology – older people are ...
Learning Identity <ul><li>Pedagogic strategies to help adult basic skills learners to reconstruct their Learning Identitie...
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Pathways To Participation In The Digital World

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Presentation to NALA Adult Literacy Organiser's Forum, 23rd of April 2009

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Pathways To Participation In The Digital World

  1. 1. Pathways to participation in the Digital World: What happens when people with literacy difficulties begin to use ICT for the first time? Leo Casey, NALA ALO Forum 23rd of April, 2009
  2. 2. What is a basic literacy? Digital literacy as a basic literacy Insights from learning for digital literacy How should educators respond?
  3. 3. Literacy <ul><li>… as Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Individual have/have not </li></ul><ul><li>Specific to technology/software </li></ul><ul><li>Measured by tests </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative research </li></ul><ul><li>… as Social Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with situations </li></ul><ul><li>Shared meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on tasks and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative research </li></ul>
  4. 4. Digital Literacy Print Literacy Computer Literacy Information Literacy Media Literacy Literacy and Literacies
  5. 5. What do we mean by a ‘basic’ literacy The question is why we describe some practices, such as using digital technologies, or using numbers in everyday situations, as basic literacies and not others?
  6. 6. A basic literacy is... <ul><li>Associated with a situation or practice not with an individual </li></ul><ul><li>Such a practice has significant social or economic value </li></ul><ul><li>The practice is pervasive – difficult to avoid </li></ul>Digital Literacy is a basic literacy
  7. 7. The Digital World
  8. 8. Across the 25 EU Member States <ul><li>37% of people aged 16 - 74 lack basic computer skills </li></ul><ul><li>61% of people over 55 years of age have never used a computer </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the over 55s with lower-levels of education have never used a computer </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Eurostat - Statistics in Focus, 2006, No. 17. European Commission </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interview Participants
  10. 10. BEN Ben is 48 years old Works in transport Connects with the office for dockets Sees others using computers Feels left out and alienated Wants to be competent - do his own dockets and participate - book holidays on the Internet, send e-mails
  11. 11. Adult Learners <ul><li>Learn what they want to learn and what they perceive as useful and they integrate new learning with past experience </li></ul><ul><li>Tusting, K. and Barton, D. (2003) Models of adult learning: a literature review, </li></ul><ul><li>National Research and Development Centre for adult literacy and numeracy. Institute of Education, UK . </li></ul>
  12. 12. From the student’s perspective... <ul><li>Three significant concepts influencing learning for basic computer skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Competence Desire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Digital World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Identity </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Competence Desire General Competence Desire Specific Competence Desire
  14. 14. The Digital World <ul><li>I am outside the Digital World </li></ul><ul><li>The Digital World is to be respected even feared </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary: I just felt that I was left out of it I mean I tried to use it a few times and he [her son] nearly …died because he knew I couldn’t use it properly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary: I was too afraid because as you get older in life technology … you kind of fear it because you didn’t grow up with it, really … and I was a bit scared of it </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Digital World <ul><li>I did not always have a need to be part of the Digital World but I do now </li></ul><ul><li>The Digital World is up there. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marie: … being left out of it? I think yes probably. As I get older I think it’s something that I would use more and more (because it connects you?) yes with people, family and friends. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mary: I mean, I drive a car I passed my test I didn’t [ fail]…but for some reason, that… didn’t seem as big as actually … using a computer isn’t it funny! It was more manual, it was more hands on … where computers are kind of up there you know . </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Learning Identity
  17. 17. Mary, the 53-year-old retail worker The reason I decided to participate in the course was as there was a computer in my home that my son used and he was very good at. I just felt that I was left out of it I mean I tried to use it a few times and he nearly … died because he knew I couldn’t use it properly.
  18. 18. Mary, the 53-year-old retail worker (continued) And to be honest even to go on the Internet and look up things or even write a letter or e-mail I always felt excluded and at this moment in life everyone’s talking about e-mails, everyone’s talking about Internet and I was totally out of that , because I didn’t know how to use it properly
  19. 19. Ben, 48 year old dockland worker It’s just that I worked around computers that I never went near them ... in the last job I was in. What I didn’t learn from...them, what I could have learned, and I’m just ignorant passing by them every day knowing that ‘here could you print me this’ or ‘do this on it’ and all that
  20. 20. Ben, 48 year old dockland worker I remember the teacher saying this’ll do you a world of good. Yeh right! Just give me a shovel and I’ll dig a hole .… what do I need a computer for to dig a hole but now-a-day if you see people digging a hole they have to take measurements … it’s all back, all paperwork’s back into computers
  21. 21. Ben, 48 year old dockland worker .... broadband or whatever that is but it’s a new word for me. So what is that? It’s not like I just learn the word . I know the word broadband but you have to learn ... tell me what it is, even though I know the name I don’t know what it means or what it is.
  22. 22. Tim -65 year old recent retiree Dear Gerry, I would like to make a suggesting as the people have no trust in the Government. As we have seen what people power can do would it not be better if all the sporting people of the country got behind the Garda. And used the a credential email address to the garda of any thing that could be helpful or any other About this case thing they see if we are to put a stop to all of the murders …. this could happing again to any of us if we are in the  wrong place at the wrong time              Please don't mention my name.
  23. 23. A Grounded Theory
  24. 24. How should educators respond? The challenge and the opportunity
  25. 25. The Digital World – Narrow the Gap Pedagogic strategies need to deal with the Digital World. Non-users should to be invited in; to explore in confidence and without risk. This may be achieved by means of stories of role models, people like themselves, who are now active with ICT.
  26. 26. Competence Desire – Get Specific <ul><li>Competence Desire is a powerful pro-disposition to support adult students as they begin to use new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>By focusing on specific tasks and outcomes, learners can avail of the immediate advantages of their actions </li></ul><ul><li>Competence desires may be harnessed as a means of setting goals for adult learning </li></ul>
  27. 27. Competence Desire – Get Specific <ul><li>Learning is best supported by a close connection between the usage and learning context </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>simulated environments for task completion, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>safe zones for exploration without risk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>choice and agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In contrast, a generalised competence desire is less useful and may even reinforce feelings of inadequacy </li></ul>
  28. 28. Learning Identity <ul><li>Experiences of school still loom large </li></ul><ul><li>Age and technology – older people are not expected to be good with technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of learning - the potential pitfalls are </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>shame </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fear of failure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>wasted effort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and an expectation of school-like situations. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Learning Identity <ul><li>Pedagogic strategies to help adult basic skills learners to reconstruct their Learning Identities will focus on: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>self-esteem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>re-appraisal of school experiences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>planning for learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>experience of learning </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Thank You

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