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Stop the Bleeding

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Presentation for Social Science & Humanities based on the importance of education for people's empowerment.

Published in: Education
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Stop the Bleeding

  1. 1. Stop the Bleeding!Education as the primary tool for peacekeeping and empowermentPresented by Leandro Ligetta
  2. 2. Eradicate Poverty Education Health Peacebuildingimprovement
  3. 3. Millennium Development Goals1.  Eradicate Poverty and Hunger2.  Achieve Universal Primary Education3.  Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women4.  Reduce Child Mortality5.  Improve Mathernal Health6.  Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases7.  Ensure Environmental Sustainability8.  Develop a Global Partnership for Development
  4. 4. Millennium Development Goals1.  Eradicate Poverty and Hunger2.  Achieve Universal Primary Education3.  Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women4.  Reduce Child Mortality5.  Improve Mathernal Health6.  Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases7.  Ensure Environmental Sustainability8.  Develop a Global Partnership for Development
  5. 5. Education is the way to go!Millennium Development Goal Achieve Universal Primary Education“EDUCATION FOR ALL”
  6. 6. Our focusA.  EDUCATION a.  Education For All b.  What has been achieved… c.  …and what needs to be doneB.  HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM a.  Financing Education Internally b.  Financing education through International Aid c.  Effects of the Financial Crisis d.  Five recommendations for financing e.  New Global Finance InitiativesC.  PEACEBUILDING a.  Consequences of Armed Conflicts b.  Facts about War Financing c.  Education’s influence on violent conflict d.  Education as a Force for Peace
  7. 7. Our focusA.  EDUCATION a.  Education For All b.  What has been achieved… c.  …and what needs to be doneB.  HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM a.  Financing Education Internally b.  Financing education through International Aid c.  Effects of the Financial Crisis d.  Five recommendations for financing e.  New Global Finance InitiativesC.  PEACEBUILDING a.  Consequences of Armed Conflicts b.  Facts about War Financing c.  Education’s influence on violent conflict d.  Education as a Force for Peace
  8. 8. Education for All"   International Initiative aiming to bring the benefits of education to EVERY CITIZEN in EVERY SOCIETY"   OBJECTIVES (to be reached by 2015) "   Expand and improve comprehensive early childhood care "   Access to and complete, free, and compulsory primary education of good quality "   Access to appropriate learning and life-skills programs "   Achieve a 50 % improvement in adult literacy "   Eliminate gender disparities in primary and secondary education "   Improve all aspects of the quality of education
  9. 9. What has been achieved…"   Mortality among children under 5: from 12.5 million in 1990 to 8.8 million in 2008."   From 1999 to 2008, an additional 52 million children enrolled in primary school"   Gender parity in primary enrolment has improved significantly
  10. 10. …and what needs to be done"   195 million children under 5 – one in three – experience malnutrition"   In 2008 67 million children were out of school"   Another 1.9 million teachers will be needed by 2015 to achieve universal primary education"   Millions of children are emerging from primary school with reading, writing and numeracy skills far below expected levels."   Gender equality is far from being established
  11. 11. Our focusA.  EDUCATION a.  Education For All b.  What has been achieved… c.  …and what needs to be doneB.  HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM a.  Financing Education Internally b.  Financing education through International Aid c.  Effects of the Financial Crisis d.  Five recommendations for financing e.  New Global Finance InitiativesC.  PEACEBUILDING a.  Consequences of Armed Conflicts b.  Facts about War Financing c.  Education’s influence on violent conflict d.  Education as a Force for Peace
  12. 12. Financing Education InternallyLow income countries have increased their spending on education from 2.9% to 3.8% of their GDP BUTSome regions continue to NEGLECT public educationEx: Central Asia, South and West Asia
  13. 13. Financing education throughInternational Aid"   How MUCH and HOW are we helping? "   In 2005 the G8 and EU countries pledged for $50 bn by 2010 Current estimation is $20 bn The financing gap requires RETHINKING the way education aid is spent PRIMARY EDUCATION IS A PRIORITY!!
  14. 14. Effects of the Financial CrisisFailure of RICH Countries RegulatoryBanking Failures Systems Higher food prices POOR Countries
  15. 15. Five Recommendations forFinancing 1.  Reassess financing requirements in the light of the financial crisis 2.  Deliver on the 2005 commitments 3.  Make basic education a high priority 4.  Launch a new global financing initiative 5.  Mobilize innovative finance
  16. 16. New Global Finance Initiatives"   More weight to research and advocacy on international financing. • Levies on financial transactions to taxes on bank Financial Markets profits and liabilities Levies • A levy of 0.005% = US$34 billion a year • Issue bonds to be used for education in poor Bond Issuing countries • Use aid budget to repayLevies on Consumer • Large number of customersGoods and Services • Large Turnovers
  17. 17. New Global Finance Initiatives
  18. 18. Our focusA.  EDUCATION a.  Education For All b.  What has been achieved… c.  …and what needs to be doneB.  HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM a.  Financing Education Internally b.  Financing education through International Aid c.  Effects of the Financial Crisis d.  Five recommendations for financing e.  New Global Finance InitiativesC.  PEACEBUILDING a.  Consequences of Armed Conflicts b.  Facts about War Financing c.  Education’s influence on violent conflict d.  Education as a Force for Peace
  19. 19. Our focusA.  EDUCATION a.  Education For All b.  What has been achieved… c.  …and what needs to be doneB.  HUMANITARIAN SYSTEM a.  Financing Education Internally b.  Financing education through International Aid c.  Effects of the Financial Crisis d.  Five recommendations for financing e.  New Global Finance InitiativesC.  PEACEBUILDING a.  Consequences of Armed Conflicts b.  Facts about War Financing c.  Education’s influence on violent conflict d.  Education as a Force for Peace
  20. 20. Consequences of Armed Conflicts"   Conflicts are a major barrier towards Education For All "   Child mortality rates are 2 times as high as in other developing countries "   28 million children in conflict-affected countries are out of school "   Youth literacy rate growth in these countries is 79% (93% in other developing countries) There have been 48 armed conflicts between 1999 and 2008 in 35 countries 43 OF THEM TOOK PLACE IN LOWER-MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES
  21. 21. Facts about War Financing"   War financing in developing countries: "   Chad spends 4 times more on arms as on primary schools "   Pakistan spends 7 times as much A 10% cut on military spending would provide a total of 9.5 billions to invest in primary education
  22. 22. Education’s influence on violent conflictToo little and poor education can result in: "   Limited or poor quality provision, leading to unemployment and poverty "   Unequal access, generating grievances and a sense of injustice "   The use of school systems to reinforce prejudice and intolerance
  23. 23. Education as a Force for Peace 1.  Choice of the language of instruction 2.  Reform the curriculum 3.  Making schools non-violent environments 4.  Expand the Peacebuilding Fund 5.  Enhance the role of UNESCO and UNICEF in peacebuilding initiatives
  24. 24. Thank you…

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