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Videography for Documentary Video

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Material for Lentera Ide workshop 4 February 2012

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Videography for Documentary Video

  1. 1. Videography for Documentary VideoMaterial for Lentera Ide Workshop 2012 1
  2. 2. Presentation• Basic composition• Elements in documentary video• Equipments• Suggestions 2
  3. 3. Basic Composition• Principles of videography composition techniques are similar to photography• Pay attention to point of interest (POI)• Pay attention on lighting 3
  4. 4. Enhancing POI 4
  5. 5. Bigger Size 5
  6. 6. Sharpness 6
  7. 7. Brightness 7
  8. 8. Contrast 8
  9. 9. Rule of third 9
  10. 10. Lighting• Optimizing the available light sources: sunlight, room lights• Do not direct camera to the light sources, it will darken the subject• For portrait, side lights are better• Avoid shooting in the very bright sunlight, best lighting is before 10am and after 3pm• Use custom White Balance 10
  11. 11. Elements in Documentary Video• Main: interviews or narration• Filler: – Situations – Actual events – Acting 11
  12. 12. Interviews/Narrations (1)• Can be done with or without interviewer in the frame• Lentera Ide uses the main actor as a narrator, with gestures as an interviewee person• Rule of third mostly applied, with some improvisation• Use tight frames, shallow depth of field (DOF)• Steady shots 12
  13. 13. Interviews/Narrations (2)Similar to “model or portrait photography” 13
  14. 14. Situations (1)• Used to fill the narrations, as a substitution to the actor scenes• Used as a filler between segments (without narrations)• Use wide frames, maximum DOF• Usually apply some movements: left-right or up-down panning 14
  15. 15. Situations (2)Similar to “landscape photography” 15
  16. 16. Acting (1)• Some functions as situations• Sometimes can be use to explain the details in the narrations• Can use wide or tight frames 16
  17. 17. Acting (2)Wide frame for acting 17
  18. 18. Acting (3)Tight frame for acting 18
  19. 19. Equipments (1)• Cameras that can record in full HD resolution (1080 x 720)• DSLR is an advantage: – much better lens choices compared to standard handycam – Can freely apply the photography concepts• Handycam is needed for long documentation shots 19
  20. 20. Equipments (2)• Always use tripod!• Preferable tripods with levers instead of ballhead• Sound recorder• Reflector to direct the lights• Optional light sources: desk lamp, torch light• Spare batteries, spare memory card 20
  21. 21. Suggestions• Put more filler to the narrations instead of the actor interview scenes• Put more angles for the interview scenes• Explore more situations frames, different angles, different locations, different events• Try high or low angles 21
  22. 22. End of presentation 22

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