• The vast majority of Americans were either immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants. Immigrants were flooding in, for example Jews from eastern Europe and Russia, who were escaping persecution.
In the 1920s racist attitudes towards immigrants were made worse by an increasingfear of bolshevism or communism. The USA watched with alarm as Russia becamecommunist. It feared that many of the more recent immigrants from Russia andeastern Europe were bringing similar ideas with them. This reaction was called theRed Scare.
• Two high-profile victims of the Red Scare where two Italian Americans called Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. They were arrested in 1920 on suspicion of armed robbery and murder. They were self-confessed anarchists.
• In 1924, in direct response to its fear of radicals, the government took action. It restricted immigration
• The Ku Klux Klan was a White movement to intimidate Black Americans. It had been in decline until, a movie called “The Birth of a Nation” was presented in 1915, when it revived.
A black “capitalist” movement was starting in New York andChicago which encouraged people to set up businesses, alsoblack people were having more chances of getting a good job andeducation.
• Many black people were living in poverty and some others were killed. Although they had an education, it couldn´t be compared to the one that whites were recieving.