Avoiding Plagiarism


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Avoiding Plagiarism

  1. 1. Avoiding Plagiarism University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>To provide the student information on plagiarism, what it is, and how to avoid it </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Plagiarism? <ul><li>Using someone’s ideas without citing or quoting; thereby, receiving credit for someone else’s intellectual effort </li></ul>
  4. 4. When Do People Plagiarize? <ul><li>When you do not give credit to another person’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas, theories, opinions, anecdotes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics, facts, graphs, images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoken or written quotes, even if you paraphrase them </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How to Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>Use quotes for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information that comes directly from any source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Words, spoken or written, that you use directly from another person </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make sure you document the source </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write the information in your own words, but do not change its meaning or intention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because you are using someone else’s idea , always mention the source even if you use your own words </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Document your Sources <ul><li>You must document all the sources of information that you have used to prepare any oral or written report </li></ul><ul><li>Information which is common knowledge does not need to be documented </li></ul>
  8. 8. What Is Considered Common Knowledge? <ul><li>Any information, fact, or statement that is widespread and known by a variety of people is considered common knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>There is no need to give credit to information that is of common knowledge </li></ul>
  9. 9. Be Aware <ul><li>You are plagiarizing if </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You do not use quotation marks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(“ ”), even if you do mention the source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You paraphrase by just changing a few words and not using your own </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. How Do I Mention the Source? <ul><li>There are many styles by which you can give credit. The most used are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APA – American Psychological Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used in the sciences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA – Modern Language Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used in the humanities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Tips <ul><li>Remember to quote or cite authors for information you have obtained from different sources </li></ul><ul><li>Organize the material you are going to use </li></ul><ul><li>Each paper or project should have a bibliography or reference list </li></ul>
  12. 12. For More Information <ul><li>http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/wts/plagiarism.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.waldenu.edu/acad-rsrcs/writing-center/plagiarism/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_plagiar.html </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago </li></ul><ul><li> Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li> Center for Languages and Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>April-June 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Revised by: Patricia Kidd </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Assistant </li></ul><ul><li> LAD Project </li></ul><ul><li>August 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano </li></ul><ul><li> January 2005 </li></ul>