Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Creating Reference Pages in APA Format
Essential elements: list• Title the list. • References • Arrange entries in alphabetical order by the last name of the author (or authors). • Include the initials of the first name of the author (or authors).
Essential elements: listExamples:Brown, A. (1998) Social discourse and moraljudgment. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Browning, A. (1996) Public relations: The newera. NJ: Prentice Hall.
Essential elements: entriesIndent the second line of each entry (Word 2007) • Select all the text in your bibliography (except the title). • Go to the toolbar and locate the “Paragraph” section. • Click on the small arrow at the corner of the “Paragraph” box. • Under “Indentation” go to Special and select “Hanging”; then click on “Okay”.
Essential elements: types of entries• Titles • Books (should be written in italics) • First word in caps (after colon [:] symbol too) and the rest in small caps• Magazine or journal articles • Must include: title and volume, issue and page number.
BooksEditorial information to include in APAbibliographical entries: • Who wrote it? • When was it published? • What is the title of the book? • Where was it published? • Who published it?
Book (with one author)Author’s Year of name publication Book titleAllen, G. (2002). Pandas in pandemonium. San Francisco: Bally Press. Publisher information
Book (with two to six authors) Authors’ Year of names publication Maldonado, M., Ireland, V., & Fox, C. (2004).Book title Training can be more efficient. Phoenix, AZ: Huxley-Madison Press. Publisher information
Groups as authors Goverment agencies, associations, cientific institutes, etc. Name of author Year published American Psychological Association (2001). Publication Manual of the AmericanTitle of book Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington DC: Author. Publishing house * When the author is the publisher, use the word Author to identify the publishing house.
EncyclopediaName of author Year published Llorca, C. (1991). Revolución francesa. En Gran Enciclopedia RIALP. (Vol. 20, pp.237- 241). Madrid: Ediciones RIALP. Publishing house
Unpublished Master’s Thesis Name of author Rocafort, C.M., Sterenberg, C., & Vargas, M.Year published (1990). La importancia de la comunicación efectiva en el proceso de una fusión bancaria. Tesis de maestría no publicada, Universidad del Sagrado Corazón.
Book (with an editor) Editors’ names Year of publication Fibber, F. and McGee, G. (Eds.). (2001). Using Web-based training to your advantage: A Book title(use italics) compilation of essays. New York: Jackstrap Press. Publisher information
Book (custom-cover edition)Author’s name Year of publicationBruno, J. (2004). APA made easy (University of the Sacred Heart). Boston: Quagmire Press. Publisher information Book title with custom edition information
Book (more than one volume)Alexander, M. (2003). A concise look at instructional design. (vols. 1-43). New York: Gamut Press. Bound volumeSmith, P. (2004). Instructional design across the decades. (vol. 13). San Francisco: Paul Bunyan. Unbound volume
Article or chapter in a book (edited book) Author’s Year of publication Title of article (or chapter) name of article Fox, C. (2001). Building a team from scratch.Book title In C. Peterson & M. Maldonado (Eds.), Change is the constant (pp. 89-95). London: Majesty Press. Publisher information Editors’ names
PeriodicalsPublished in intervals: • Journals • Magazines • NewspapersSpecific information needed: • Name of the author/s (in alphabetical order by last name; include initial)
PeriodicalsSpecific information needed: • Year of publication (in parenthesis) • Title of article • Name of source in italics • Volume and issue number • Page number(s)
Periodical (magazine article) Author’s Date of publication including name month and dayWelzant, H. (2003, October). Going to school online. Time, 22-23, 89. Title of article Title of Page periodical numbers
Periodical – journal article (continuous pagination) Author’s Year of Title of article name publicationPhelps, Y. (2003). Academic stress: Working around and through the dissertation process. Edupsych Bulletin, 104, 156-158. Title of periodical Volume number Page numbers
Periodical – journal article (issues paged separately) Author’s Year of name publication Title of articleSherman, K. (2004). Editing for fun. Entrepreneurial Guide, 6 (3), 48-51. Page numbers Title of periodical Issue number Volume number
Periodical (abstract of article) Author’s Year of Title of article name publication Beckwith, D. (2002). Movies for a changing society. Cinematic Clips, 8, 271-282. Abstract obtained from Literary Abstracts, 2003, 42, Item 421. Title of Title of work from which the Year of publication of work fromperiodical abstract was obtained which the abstract was obtained
Periodical (newspaper article) Author’s name Date of publication including Title of article month and dayDunham, A. D. (2002, May 31). Catching the crime. The San Francisco Chronicle, pp. A5, A9. Title of periodical Page numbers
Periodicals (newspaper article) (no author) Title of articleNew drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. (1993, July 15). TheWashington Post, p. A12. Publication date Name of publication Page number
Electronic sourcesTwo types of references:• Internet resources: • Databases • Periodicals • Newsgroups • Discussion groups • Newsletters
Electronic sources (university library) Author’s name Year of publication Title of article Title of periodical Batschelett, M. (2001). Seeking Atlantis. Law Review, 6(2), 25-29. Retrieved April 1, 2004, from ProQuest database. Retrieval dateVolume, issue and Storage location page numbers
Electronic resources (Internet document) Author’s name Title of documentAutor, A. A. (2000). Título del trabajo. Recuperado el 8 de marzo de 2008, de www.abcdefghi.com. URL Date in which document was retrieved
Electronic sources – Internet Author’s Date of publication including name month and day U.S. Department of Education. (2004, August 11). Prepared remarks for Secretary Paige at the “Kids Read: Kids Succeed” grant award. Retrieved September 10, 2004, from http://www.ed.gov/news/speeches/2004/08 /08112004.htmlRetrieval date URL Title of work
Wrap-Up• Document all the sources cited in your paper.• List only the ones which are cited in your paper.• Alphabetize by first author’s last name.• Use hanging indentation.• When in doubt, refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)
Questions? Comments? Barat Norte 223 (BN 223) 787-728-1515 ext. 2294 E-mail:email@example.com Web: http://www.sagrado.edu/lad