SPELLING RULES ONE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES TALL – OLD – LONG – FAST – SOFT – SWEET – CHEAPCOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE TALLER TALLEST OLDER OLDEST LONGER LONGEST FASTER THE FASTEST SOFTER SOFTEST SWEETER SWEETEST CHEAPER CHEAPEST
ONE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVESENDS WITH A SINGLE CONSONANT WITH A VOWEL BEFORE IT BIG – THIN – FAT - HOT COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE BIGG ER BIGG EST THINN ER THINN EST FATT ER FATT EST HOTT ER HOTT EST THE
TWO SYLLABLE ADJECTIVES ENDING WITH “Y” HAPPY – ANGRY – BUSY – FUNNY – UGLY – PRETTY – TASTYCOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE HAPPI ER HAPPI EST ANGRI ER ANGRI EST BUSI ER BUSI EST FUNNI ER FUNNI EST UGLI ER UGLI EST PRETTI ER PRETTI EST TASTI ER TASTI EST THE
TWO, THREE OR MORE SYLLABLE ADJECTIVESCOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE PEACEFUL PEACEFUL PLEASANT PLEASANT CAREFUL CAREFUL GENEROUS GENEROUS IMPORTANT IMPORTANT INTELLIGENT INTELLIGENT ATRACTIVE ATRACTIVE PERFECT PERFECT TERRIBLE TERRIBLE DANGEROUS DANGEROUS DIFFICULT DIFFICULT BORING BORING MORE THE MOST
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES GOOD – BAD – FARCOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEBETTER BESTWORSE WORSTFURTHER / FARTHER FURTHEST / FARTHEST
GRAMMAR AND EXAMPLESWe use COMPARATIVES to compare TWO things:• Jhon is taller THAN Bob.• My car is faster THAN Montoya´s car.• My dog is bigger THAN your dog.• Maria is happier today THAN she was yesterday.• Andrea is more careful THAN Jose.• Colombian food is better THAN American food.
We use SUPERLATIVES to compare ONE thing with the restof the group:• Mary is the tallest IN the class.• OF all students in the class, Lucas is the thinnest.• The beach is the most peaceful place IN the world.• The boss is the busiest person IN the office.• Juan is the most generous person OF all the people I know.• Piqué is the best football player IN the team.
IMPORTANT POINTS• We use as + adjective + as to say that two things are equal in some way. Hes as tall as me. Jims car is as fast as mine.• We can repeat comparatives to say that something is changing. These exams are getting worse and worse every year. She gets more and more beautiful every time I see her.• We can modify comparatives with less and the least (the opposite of more and the most) . This sofa is less comfortable. She was the least intelligent of the three sisters.