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Open Access Publishing, 2014 / UK version

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Open access publishing - what is it, why do I want to do it and how should I do it?

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Open Access Publishing, 2014 / UK version

  1. 1. Open access publishing UK / Plymouth Uni BGC Seminar 2014-03-12 Based on a seminar developed with C. de Jonge, E. Svensson (NIOZ) Sabine Lengger
  2. 2. How does/did academic publishing work? Universit y / Institute Researcher = Author Article Journal Publishing company Society funds pays produce given to belongsto pays pays pays review
  3. 3. Academic publishing since 1665 - Quick - Necessary (actual print! - Affordable
  4. 4. What happened?  Cost explosion  Internet  Funding sources  Boycott
  5. 5. What is open access?  Accessibility  Free, as in ―a free beer‖  Copyright  Free, as in ―free speech‖ Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge
  6. 6. Benefits of open access Authors Readers Teachers & Students Libraries Universities Journals and publishers Funding agencies Governments Citizens REF 2020
  7. 7. Types of OA  OA journals (gold OA)  OA archives or repositories (green OA)
  8. 8. GOLD open access Universit y / Institute Researcher = Author Article Journal Publishing company Society funds pays produce given to belongsto pays pays review
  9. 9. GOLD open access  Journals  Publication fees  Article processing  Or free  Non-profit / Profit  PLoS  BMC  Many hybrid journals  Offer both!  Peer review
  10. 10. How to publish in GOLD open access  http://doaj.org Directory of open access journals (no hybrid journals!)  Charges … > £1000  UKRC  Gives a block grant to universities based on how much UKRC funding they attracted  45 – 75 % of publishing costs  University expected to match this  Plymouth University  Distributes to schools in proportion of UKRC grants (£41k)  Non-UKRC projects: use their own funds  EU funding (Horizon 2020)  Costs during the project lifetime can be accounted for in the grant  Costs afterwards: European Research Infrastructures Work Programme  PU Intranet: https://intranet.plymouth.ac.uk/pearl/intranet.htm
  11. 11. GREEN open access  OA repositories – self archiving  Do not perform peer review  Types  Preprints  Postprints  Data repositories  Indexed and google searchable!
  12. 12. Preprint servers  Manuscript before peer-review  Directories of repositories  http://www.opendoar.org/  http://roar.eprints.org/  http://www.openoasis.org/  Be careful – pre-published!  Ingelfinger rule   ACS journals, Science  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_academic_journals_by_preprint _policy
  13. 13. Postprint servers  Manuscript after peer-review  Pre-copy editing  Post-copy editing Plymouth: PEARL http://pearl.plymouth.ac.uk http://elements.plymouth.ac.uk Directory of open access repositories http://www.opendoar.org/search.php  Nicola Cockarill Higher Education Institution repository (HEI)
  14. 14. Which journals allow self-archiving?  Postprints (and pre-prints): Elsevier, Hindawi, Springer, …  Pre-prints only: Wiley, post-prints after 12 months  None: American Chemical Society  Check on: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
  15. 15. Data repositories Open lab notebook – http://schamberlain.github.com/scott/blog.ht ml http://www.carlboettiger.info/2012/09/28/Wel come-to-my-lab-notebook.html
  16. 16. Problems with open access  Who pays?  REF2020  Predatory publishers  http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/  Preprints: Peer review
  17. 17. Who‘s afraid of peer review? Bohannon (2013), Science 342, 60-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.342.6154.60 Beall’s list: http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers/
  18. 18.  http://rcsproject.wordpress.com/oa-answers/ = provided by a project funded by JISC, a HEFCE and Government funded organisation which supports HE in it’s use of digital technologies  http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/documents/15concerns.html = provided by Sherpa, which is based at the Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham. Sherpa is a consortium of research-led universities with experience of running repositories.  http://www.eprints.org/openaccess/self-faq/ = provided by a team at the University of Southampton, who have developed an open source repository software product called E-Prints and are strong supporters of Open Access.  Email: n.cockarill@plymouth.ac.uk Further reading Slide: N. Cockarill
  19. 19. So? Open access summary.  Purpose: ... the purpose of OA is not to punish or undermine expensive journals, but to provide an accessible alternative and take full advantage of new technology —the internet— for widening distribution and reducing costs. Moreover, for researchers themselves, the overriding motivation is not to solve the journal pricing crisis but to deliver wider and easier access for readers and larger audience and impact for authors.  http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm
  20. 20. What can you do?  Use available open access funds  Check journal policies before submission  Deposit preprints on servers  Deposit postprints on PEARL or other HEI repositories  Share data  Link on networking sites to posters, presentations, data, …

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