Girls in ICTs – Problems or
Possibilities
Lenandlar Singh (Len)
Head – Department of Computer
Science
University of Guyana
OUTLINE
• History of Women in Computing
• Issues with Girls in ICTs
• IT/CS Statistics from CSEC and UG
• Recommendations
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
History of Women in Computing
Random Questions
• What is the significance of the “Girls in ICT Day”?
• How many of you are taking IT at CSEC/CAPE?
• How...
History of Women in Computing
• Women were the original programmers of the
ENIAC in the US Government in the 1980s
• Young...
Girls and the ICT Issue
What we know?
• It is a numeric problem: less girls/women
studying and working in ICT-related fiel...
Girls and the ICT Issue
Computer and Internet Usage
• Teenage boys and girls use Computers and the
Internet at similar rat...
Girls and the ICT Issue
Some suggested causes from research…
• Computer Experience, preferences, attitudes
• Mentors and R...
Why problem needs to be addressed?
• ICT is a growing sector for employment e.g.
– The European Union calculates that in t...
Girls in ICTs in the Caribbean
CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL)
Males
Females
Total Candidates
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
1 2 3
Male
Female
Numbe...
CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL)
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2...
CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2011 2012
Male
...
CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL)
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2011 2012
Male
...
What happens at CSEC IT?
• Number of females writing CSEC IT not an
issue relative to number of males (more)
• Number of f...
Girls in Computing at UG
Registration Statistics – Diploma in CS
@ UG
0
20
40
60
80
100
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Male
Female
Diploma Registration
0...
Registration Statistics – Degree in CS @
UG
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Male
Female
Degree Registration
0
...
Graduation Statistics – Diploma in CS
@UG
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Male
Female
Dip...
Graduation Statistics – Degree in CS
@UG
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Male
Female
Degree Graduate...
Girls in Computing @ UG
• 4 of 5 recent best graduating CS students are
females
• 50% of teaching staff are females
• Very...
Problem with Girls in ICTs in Guyana
• Do we have a problem?
– What is it?
– How should it be addressed?
– What can we do ...
Why not more females in ICTs at
Tertiary Level in Guyana?
• Entrance Requirements issue?
• Perception of the field?
• Oppo...
Gender Divide in ICTs and the Future
• Complex, multi-dimensional Issue – has to be examined
carefully, and issues must be...
Career Options in ICTs
• Teaching
• Writing
• Programming/Software Development
• Designing
• Analysis
• Engineering
• Entr...
Recommendations
• What should we do in Guyana?
– Do not panic 
– Examine the gender issue further; need to understand
cle...
Engaging women and girls in ICT sector work
is not only the right thing to do from the
point of social justice. It is also...
Thank You!!!
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Girls in ICTs – problems and possibilies

  1. 1. Girls in ICTs – Problems or Possibilities Lenandlar Singh (Len) Head – Department of Computer Science University of Guyana
  2. 2. OUTLINE • History of Women in Computing • Issues with Girls in ICTs • IT/CS Statistics from CSEC and UG • Recommendations
  3. 3. History of Women in Computing
  4. 4. History of Women in Computing
  5. 5. History of Women in Computing
  6. 6. History of Women in Computing
  7. 7. History of Women in Computing
  8. 8. History of Women in Computing
  9. 9. History of Women in Computing
  10. 10. History of Women in Computing
  11. 11. Random Questions • What is the significance of the “Girls in ICT Day”? • How many of you are taking IT at CSEC/CAPE? • How many of you will go on to IT/CS/ICT field after High School? • What kinds of ICT-related jobs do you know about? • Do you believe there is a gender issue in ICTs?
  12. 12. History of Women in Computing • Women were the original programmers of the ENIAC in the US Government in the 1980s • Young women were earning 37% of the Computing degrees in the US in the 80s, today it is 20%
  13. 13. Girls and the ICT Issue What we know? • It is a numeric problem: less girls/women studying and working in ICT-related fields • The is a gender gap in ICTs around the world • More ICT jobs are created globally, demand for skills in ICTs higher
  14. 14. Girls and the ICT Issue Computer and Internet Usage • Teenage boys and girls use Computers and the Internet at similar rates • Girls are five (5) times less likely to consider a technology-related career than boys – Why?
  15. 15. Girls and the ICT Issue Some suggested causes from research… • Computer Experience, preferences, attitudes • Mentors and Role Models • Self-Confidence • Computer Environments/Work Environments • Societal Influence • Teacher and Family Encouragement • Balancing Work and Family
  16. 16. Why problem needs to be addressed? • ICT is a growing sector for employment e.g. – The European Union calculates that in ten years’ time there will be 700 000 more ICT jobs than there are professionals to fill them; – In the US 800 000 jobs in ICTs: U.S. Bureau of labor statistics estimates a 21.8% growth in ICT jobs in the United States by 2020 – 200 000 in Brazil – globally, that shortfall is estimated to be closer to two million • ICT is key for economic and social development • We need to enrich the talent pool
  17. 17. Girls in ICTs in the Caribbean
  18. 18. CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL) Males Females Total Candidates 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 1 2 3 Male Female Number of students with Grades 1-3 over last 5 years CSEC IT
  19. 19. CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2011 2012 Male Female CSEC IT 2008:2012 - Grade 1
  20. 20. CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2011 2012 Male Female CSEC IT 2008:2012 - Grade 2
  21. 21. CSEC IT Grades – 2008:2012 (OVERALL) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2008(G) 2008(T) 2009 (G) 2009(T) 2010 2011 2012 Male Female CSEC IT 2008:2012 - Grade 3
  22. 22. What happens at CSEC IT? • Number of females writing CSEC IT not an issue relative to number of males (more) • Number of females passing CSEC IT not an issue relative to number of males (better) • Number of females qualified to study CS/IT at tertiary level compared to boys (not known) – Maths requirement – English requirement
  23. 23. Girls in Computing at UG
  24. 24. Registration Statistics – Diploma in CS @ UG 0 20 40 60 80 100 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Male Female Diploma Registration 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Male Female Diploma Registration
  25. 25. Registration Statistics – Degree in CS @ UG 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Male Female Degree Registration 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Male Female Degree Registration
  26. 26. Graduation Statistics – Diploma in CS @UG 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Male Female Diploma Graduates 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Male Female Diploma Graduates
  27. 27. Graduation Statistics – Degree in CS @UG 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Male Female Degree Graduates 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Male Female Degree Graduates
  28. 28. Girls in Computing @ UG • 4 of 5 recent best graduating CS students are females • 50% of teaching staff are females • Very small number of female Graduates compared to male (approximately 3 times less)
  29. 29. Problem with Girls in ICTs in Guyana • Do we have a problem? – What is it? – How should it be addressed? – What can we do individually and collectively?
  30. 30. Why not more females in ICTs at Tertiary Level in Guyana? • Entrance Requirements issue? • Perception of the field? • Opportunities for studying, employment? • Studying other important fields?
  31. 31. Gender Divide in ICTs and the Future • Complex, multi-dimensional Issue – has to be examined carefully, and issues must be strategically addressed • Computing Industry is changing – more jobs, ICT field is very diverse; there’s more to ICTs than writing computer code (programming) • Work options are changing e.g. telecommuting • ICTs are in every sphere of work – health, education, agriculture, sewing, etc
  32. 32. Career Options in ICTs • Teaching • Writing • Programming/Software Development • Designing • Analysis • Engineering • Entrepreneurship • “e-Everything”
  33. 33. Recommendations • What should we do in Guyana? – Do not panic  – Examine the gender issue further; need to understand clearly the root of the problem(if there is indeed a problem) While it is tempting to say we have a massive problem(we may have) based on other countries, we need to understand our context.
  34. 34. Engaging women and girls in ICT sector work is not only the right thing to do from the point of social justice. It is also smart economics. (Digital Inclusion Report, 2012)
  35. 35. Thank You!!!

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