Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Cerebral palsy presentation

13,157 views

Published on

Published in: Education

Cerebral palsy presentation

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy<br />Lena Lutz<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />“Cerebral” : brain<br />“Palsy” : disorder of movement or posture<br />Condition where damage to certain areas of the brain result in loss of muscle control and movement<br />Non-progressive and non-contagious<br />Developmental disability<br />Can occur before, at, or soon after birth<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Key Components<br />3 Main Types of Cerebral Palsy:<br />Spastic<br />Stiff and difficult movement (scissor gait)<br />Most common form<br />Athetoid<br />Involuntary and uncontrolled movement<br />Second most common<br />Effected part of brain: Basal Ganglia<br />Ataxic <br />Disturbed sense of balance and depth perception<br />Effected part of brain: cerebellum<br />Mixed<br />There can exist a combination of these types of CP for any one person<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Signs / Symptoms<br />Depending on which areas of the brain have been damaged, someone with Cerebral Palsy may experience:<br />Muscle tightness or spasms<br />Involuntary movement<br />Disturbance in gait and mobility<br />Abnormal sensation and perception<br />Impairment of sight, hearing or speech<br />Seizures <br />
  7. 7. Videos<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=occFkFbl3ms&feature=related<br />Normal walking pattern<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-MMtyzeYVmM&playnext=1&list=PL3D531511F0614FF4<br />Anatomically-based model of a child with spastic cerebral palsy<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XBvZF54GfMU&feature=related<br />Spastic gait<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBlrp-Ok38E&feature=related<br />Ataxic gait<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eMp43AWxYNc<br />Athetoid involuntary movement<br />
  8. 8. Causes<br />Areas of the brain can be damaged during:<br />Fetal development<br />Infancy<br />Before, during, or shortly following birth<br />Often occurs due to brain damage from lack of oxygen before or during birth<br />Neither progressive nor communicable<br />
  9. 9. Medications<br />Tegretol, Dilantin and Phenobarbital<br />Help control/prevent different types of seizures<br />Diazepam, Baclofen, and Dantrolene<br />Help reduce spasticity<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_UrwYzsp08&feature=relmfu<br />‘Diagnosis & Treatment : How to Treat Cerebral Palsy ‘<br />
  10. 10. Benefit From Exercise<br />Slow stretching, warm external temperature, and good positioning can help decrease the dynamic condition found with the Spasticity form of CP<br />
  11. 11. Risk with Exercise<br />Quick movements, cold external temperature, fatigue and emotional stress can increase a spastic dynamic condition<br />Increased effort and emotional stress can increase the involuntary and/or uncontrolled movement (primarily in extremities) found in Athetoid CP<br />Convulsive seizures may occur and significantly interfere in exercise; safety precautions must be taken<br />Use adaptive equipment<br />Straps and holding gloves<br />
  12. 12. References<br />www.about-cerebral-palsy.org<br />ACSM (2010). Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. (8th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins<br />www.youtube.com<br />

×