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Histogram-Aware Sorting for Enhanced Word-Aligned Compression in Bitmap Indexes


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Bitmap indexes must be compressed to reduce input/output costs and minimize CPU usage. To accelerate logical operations (AND, OR, XOR) over bitmaps, we use techniques based on run-length encoding (RLE), such as Word-Aligned Hybrid (WAH) compression. These techniques are sensitive to the order of the rows: a simple lexicographical sort can divide the index size by 9 and make indexes several times faster. We investigate reordering heuristics based on computed attribute-value histograms. Simply permuting the columns of the table based on these histograms can increase the sorting efficiency by 40%.

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