Scaling up Higher Quality Coffee In East Africa: Experience from Ethiopia <ul><li>Esayas Kebede (Mr.) </li></ul><ul><li>MO...
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The agriculture-based Ethiopian economy is highly dependent on  C offee  </li></ul><ul><li>Over 25% p...
<ul><li>Coffee grows in four production systems. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8% forest coffee  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
The coffee industry performance and perspective <ul><li>Globally number one in Arabica coffee diversity </li></ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Increasing production and productivity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Coffee extension system, and packages </li><...
<ul><li>From 2004  –  2007. </li></ul><ul><li>The major objective were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving coffee Quality </l...
<ul><li>Capacity building: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials and Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drying materials, ...
Region Zone Grades ( % ) Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Local use Total SNNP B/maji - 0.2 6.4 28.9 64.5 36,715.5 Sheka 0....
Year Washed (Ton) Sun dried (Ton) Total (Ton) Remark 2005/06 101 60 160 2006/07 120 115 235 2007/08 100 230 330 Total 321 ...
Year Grade% 1 and 2 3 4 5 2005/06 40 60 - - 2006/07 33.8 46,2 20 - 2007/08 84 16 - -
<ul><li>Low productivity  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 70% of coffee tree are old age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack o...
<ul><li>The government  have realized the benefits and  appreciated the QC pilot project (Coordination, supervision and fu...
<ul><li>We request all concerned partners (and funders) to facilitate early start of up-scaling of QC project – the govern...
THANK YOU VERY MUCH !
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Scaling up Higher Quality Coffee in Esat Africa - Experience from Ethiopia

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Final Coffee Quality Presenation For Rwanda, by Mr. Esayas Kebede

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  • Scaling up Higher Quality Coffee in Esat Africa - Experience from Ethiopia

    1. 1. Scaling up Higher Quality Coffee In East Africa: Experience from Ethiopia <ul><li>Esayas Kebede (Mr.) </li></ul><ul><li>MOARD (Ethiopia) </li></ul><ul><li>5th African Coffee Scientific Conference Kigali(Rwanda ) </li></ul><ul><li>12 th Feb. 2009 </li></ul>
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The agriculture-based Ethiopian economy is highly dependent on C offee </li></ul><ul><li>Over 25% people earn livelihood from the sector </li></ul><ul><li>At present contributes about 40% of the foreign exchange earning </li></ul>Year Total Agri. Export (USD) Coffee Export Quantity (ton) USD 2004/05 0.704billion 159845 335 million 2005/06 0.886billion 153155 366 million 2006/07 1.023 billion 176390 424million 2007/08 1.308 billion 170781 525 million
    3. 3. <ul><li>Coffee grows in four production systems. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8% forest coffee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>36% Semi- forest coffee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>50% Garden coffee – increasing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 % Modern coffee plantation – increasing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Total coverage of coffee estimated around 800,000 hectare </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smallholder - 600,000 ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Coffee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>public - 20,000 ha. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Private – 31,000ha </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forest coffee - 5 0000ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Productivity is 4.5 to 6 Qt/ha </li></ul>
    4. 4. The coffee industry performance and perspective <ul><li>Globally number one in Arabica coffee diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home for diverse Arabica coffee types/flavors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can satisfy the demands of diverse customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest producer and exporter in Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both production and area under coffee increasing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Volume and quality of export increasing, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nine coffee types being exported. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At present 170,000 ton exported </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of the total export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30-35% washed and the rest is sun-dried </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic consumption is about 50% of the total production. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Increasing production and productivity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Coffee extension system, and packages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improving quality. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing wet-processed coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing state of art residue analytical laboratory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change all the old jute with the new jute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion/Provision of storage facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Market Improvement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing modern Commodity exchange – improving efficiency, transparency and integrity. </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>From 2004 – 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>The major objective were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving coffee Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing semi-washed (pulped) coffee processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving farmers income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increasing foreign exchange earnings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The components were:- </li></ul><ul><li>Semi washed processing using simple hand pulper </li></ul><ul><li>Improving sundering coffee quality </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion and Dissemination. </li></ul><ul><li>Project coordination </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Capacity building: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials and Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drying materials, and hand pulper with accessories </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness raising and training of farmers, Extension staff at different levels, and local officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Significantly improved coffee quality </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the dry cherry to green bean result </li></ul><ul><li>Fetched premium prices for the producers </li></ul><ul><li>Project farmers developed saving culture and investment </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive mechanisms motivated project farmers and neighboring farmers to further improve quality - copy farmers created </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced/convinced the government and other agencies to support/ sustain the initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Improved linkage among stakeholders, </li></ul><ul><li>Brought attitudinal and practice change among traders – started paying different prices </li></ul><ul><li>Changed the images of coffees of the districts </li></ul>
    8. 8. Region Zone Grades ( % ) Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Local use Total SNNP B/maji - 0.2 6.4 28.9 64.5 36,715.5 Sheka 0.04 1.3 9.06 26.6 63.02 3241.9 Oromiya Djimma 0.09 3.6 57.9 27 11.5 110,697.3 Ilubabor 0.03 9.2 73.6 13.6 3.5 76,113.4
    9. 9. Year Washed (Ton) Sun dried (Ton) Total (Ton) Remark 2005/06 101 60 160 2006/07 120 115 235 2007/08 100 230 330 Total 321 405 726
    10. 10. Year Grade% 1 and 2 3 4 5 2005/06 40 60 - - 2006/07 33.8 46,2 20 - 2007/08 84 16 - -
    11. 11. <ul><li>Low productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 70% of coffee tree are old age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of appropriate agronomic practices such as pruning techniques and equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of appropriate credit institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of differential payment for coffees of different quality at farm-gate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>auction center was far from farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers lack access to modern storage facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers are unable to supply their coffee directly to auction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self interest of the co-funding agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of strong farmers’ organizations (some QC project area) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>The government have realized the benefits and appreciated the QC pilot project (Coordination, supervision and funding agency) </li></ul><ul><li>The Scaling up (2 nd phase) project proposal has been developed by MoARD and CABI Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The project was supported and signed by the gov’t officials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Finance and Economic Development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Has been submitted for funding to ICO and CFC </li></ul><ul><li>Comments were given by ICO and CFC – the comments have been incorporated and sent to ICO and CFC through CABI Africa </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 nd phase will cover 20 districts </li></ul><ul><li>Will build on lessons learned during the pilot phase </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>We request all concerned partners (and funders) to facilitate early start of up-scaling of QC project – the government is waiting for the start of the project with interest </li></ul><ul><li>The project components shall have a credit scheme </li></ul><ul><li>The project shall pay attention to supporting establishment of strong farmers organizations, </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing component of the project should also be further strengthened – using innovative approaches </li></ul>
    14. 14. THANK YOU VERY MUCH !

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