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Pioneers in Classroom Management Lindsay Elliott July 24, 2011 EDU450
Classroom Discipline and Management <ul><li>“ Do not train children to learning by force and harshness, but direct them to...
Contributors &Theories <ul><li>B.F. Skinner </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Modification </li></ul><ul><li>William Glasser   Ch...
B.F. Skinner <ul><li>Author of “The Science of Learning and the Art of Teaching”(1954). </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that be...
Behavior Modification:  In the Classroom Rewards Praise Approval
William Glasser <ul><li>Pioneer and contributor to modern discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>Author of  Schools Without Failure...
Choice Theory:  In the Classroom <ul><li>Create a positive, supportive classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with students to ...
Choice Theory: In the Classroom <ul><li>Hold classroom meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Be a leader, not a boss. </li></ul><ul>...
Jacob Kounin <ul><li>Author of  Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching style affects st...
Lesson Management: In the Classroom <ul><li>Prevent misbehavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With-it-ness and overlapping </li></...
Rudolph Dreikurs <ul><li>Professor of Psychiatry </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that students have a need for belonging. </li>...
The Need for Belonging <ul><li>When need is not met, students will default to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention seeking </l...
The Democratic Classroom <ul><li>Speak in positive terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage improvement, not perfection. </li></...
Lee & Marlene Canter <ul><li>Published book  Assertive Discipline: A Take Charge Approach for Today’s Educator (1976). </l...
Assertive Discipline: In the Classroom <ul><li>Provide a clear set of rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why rules are neede...
Alfie Kohn <ul><li>Former teacher and author of   Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, ...
The Classroom: As a Learning Community <ul><li>Show respect for students. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students connect. </li></...
References <ul><li>Charles, C.M.(2011).  Building Classroom  Discipline, 10 th  Ed.  Boston: Pearson  Publishing. </li></ul>
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Classroom management pioneers

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Classroom management pioneers

  1. 1. Pioneers in Classroom Management Lindsay Elliott July 24, 2011 EDU450
  2. 2. Classroom Discipline and Management <ul><li>“ Do not train children to learning by force and harshness, but direct them to it by what amuses their mind, so that you may be better able to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of the genius of each.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Plato </li></ul>
  3. 3. Contributors &Theories <ul><li>B.F. Skinner </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Modification </li></ul><ul><li>William Glasser Choice Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob Kounin </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Management </li></ul><ul><li>Rudolph Dreikurs Democratic Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Lee & Marlene Canter </li></ul><ul><li>Assertive Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Alfie Kohn </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Communities </li></ul>
  4. 4. B.F. Skinner <ul><li>Author of “The Science of Learning and the Art of Teaching”(1954). </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that behavior is shaped through systematic reinforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that punishment has limited effects. </li></ul>Behavior Modification 1904-1990
  5. 5. Behavior Modification: In the Classroom Rewards Praise Approval
  6. 6. William Glasser <ul><li>Pioneer and contributor to modern discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>Author of Schools Without Failure (1969). </li></ul><ul><li>Human behavior is purposeful (Charles 2011). </li></ul><ul><li>Students are responsible for their own behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>The basic needs of students must be met. </li></ul>Choice Theory 1925-present
  7. 7. Choice Theory: In the Classroom <ul><li>Create a positive, supportive classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Work with students to create classroom expectations. </li></ul><ul><li>Meet the basic needs of all students. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Choice Theory: In the Classroom <ul><li>Hold classroom meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Be a leader, not a boss. </li></ul><ul><li>Assign useful work. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect 100% from every student. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage self-reflection. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Jacob Kounin <ul><li>Author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching style affects student behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Organization and planning are keys to engagement. </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on preventative discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers must be constantly aware of all students in their classroom. </li></ul>Lesson Management
  10. 10. Lesson Management: In the Classroom <ul><li>Prevent misbehavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With-it-ness and overlapping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manage the Lesson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Momentum and smoothness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintain Focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group alerting and student accountability </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Rudolph Dreikurs <ul><li>Professor of Psychiatry </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that students have a need for belonging. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that misbehavior occurs when needs are not met. </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that democratic classrooms support effective learning. </li></ul>Human Needs & Democratic Classrooms
  12. 12. The Need for Belonging <ul><li>When need is not met, students will default to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention seeking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power seeking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge seeking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Displaying inadequacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When the need is met, misbehavior will be prevented . </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage belonging by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involving all students in classroom activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving all students adequate attention. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognizing success. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showing respect to all students. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Democratic Classroom <ul><li>Speak in positive terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage improvement, not perfection. </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize strengths while minimizing weakness. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students to learn from their mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to help each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Be optimistic, use encouraging words, and show faith in students. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lee & Marlene Canter <ul><li>Published book Assertive Discipline: A Take Charge Approach for Today’s Educator (1976). </li></ul><ul><li>Students have the right to learn in a calm, organized classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers have the right to teach in a classroom free of interruption and misbehavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Assertive teachers model classroom expectations clearly, confidently and consistently. </li></ul>Assertive Discipline
  15. 15. Assertive Discipline: In the Classroom <ul><li>Provide a clear set of rules. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why rules are needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure rules are understood by all. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain rewards and consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize positive consequences consistently. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize negative consequences consistently. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Alfie Kohn <ul><li>Former teacher and author of Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A’s, Praise, and Other Bribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Believes that traditional instruction is ineffective. </li></ul><ul><li>Believes meaningful learning takes place when students have choice, feel respected, feel like a part of something, and can construct their own learning. </li></ul>Learning Communities
  17. 17. The Classroom: As a Learning Community <ul><li>Show respect for students. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students connect. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize classroom meetings. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide whole class and school wide activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on instruction and learning. </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>Charles, C.M.(2011). Building Classroom Discipline, 10 th Ed. Boston: Pearson Publishing. </li></ul>

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