Hand tools by group 1


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This is a group project for group 1 Properties and facilities,

Copyright Heart academy institute 2012.

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Hand tools by group 1

  1. 1.  Hand tools are devices used for performingwork on materials or a physical system usingonly hands, Hand tools can be manually used byemploying force, or electrically powered, usingelectrical current, Virtually every type of toolcan be a hand tool and many have also beenadapted as power tools, which get their motivepower from motors or engines rather than fromhuman mechanical action.
  2. 2. A chisel is an important wood working tool for cutting and shaping wood. It is aflat, thick piece of steel which has one endground to an sharp bevel to form a cutting edge.
  3. 3. Guidelines and Safe Uses. Always remember to drive the tool away from yourself I f it slips it wont hurt you Always make sure the tool is appropriately sharp . Never hit a chisel with a hammer unless it is designed for that kind of work. Never use a chisel for prying, its hardened and is likely to be brittle.
  4. 4.  Sharpen the chisel when needed.
  5. 5. Storage and handling Keep the chisels put up in a safe place, not lying around on the bench where you can put an arm down on it and hurt yourself. Uses and relevance to construction trades. Different types of chisel may be constructed quite differently, in terms of blade width or length, as well as shape and hardness of blade. They may have a wooden or plastic handle attached or may be made entirely of one piece of metal, A chisel can be used in tiling and masonry/concreting trades.
  6. 6. An Auto-Level is a Professional Leveling Tool used by Contractors, Builders, Land Surveying Professionals, or the Engineer who demands accurate leveling every time. Auto Levels set up fast, are easy to use, and save time and money on every job
  7. 7. Guidelines and Safe Uses. The level unit is set-up in a position which gives a clear view of all points to be leveled, or as many as is feasible under site conditions. Each position where the level is set-up is referred to as a station, and stations may be marked for future reference by means of a timber peg, steel pin, brass tag or paint mark as befits the conditions. Marking of stations in this way allows levels and angles to be checked at a later date if a discrepancy is found.
  8. 8.  After use make sure all parts are in for another use. Clean up the tripod after all uses. Service your automatic level occasionally. Storage and Handling Store in a cool place away from dust and impurities. Never use during rain. Avoid dropping the automatic level.
  9. 9. The automatic level is used in the constriction industry and is used for the following: It is used to find the slope distance of a hill. It is used to level the surface of the land.
  10. 10. A set square or triangle object used in engineering and technical drawing, is aimed at providing a straightedge at a right angle or other particular planar angle to the baseline. The simplest form of set square is a triangular piece of transparent plastic (or formerly of polished wood) with the centre removed. The set square used most commonly bears the markings of a ruler and a half circle protractor; the outer edges are typically beveled.These set squares come in two usual forms, both right triangles: one with 90-45-45 degree angles, the other with 30-60-90 degree angles. Combining the two forms by placing the hypotenuses together will also yield 15° and 75° angles. They are often purchased in packs with protractors and compasses. Here, the body of the object is cut in half and rejoined with a hinge marked with angles. Adjustment to the marked angle will produce any desired angle up to a maximum of 180°.
  11. 11. A wrench is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects usually rotary fasteners such as nuts and bolts. Guidelines for safe use. Never use a worn out cracked or tweaked wrench replace them immediately to avoid injury. Always use the proper size of the wrench for the job. Prior to use inspect a wrench making sure it isn’t damaged or defected in any way shape or form.
  12. 12.  Alwaysremember to clean the aluminum wrench that has become rusty with steel brush or aluminum foil. Storage and Handing.A wrench should be stored in a tool shed Uses and relevance to construction trades. This too can used in various construction trades but it was built especially for the carpentry trade.