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UTAS Webinar Workshop: Geoheritage and Geotourism

This presentation formed the basis of the webinar organised for students of the College of Sciences and Engineering of the School of Technology, Environments and Design, University of Tasmania with the topic of ‘Geoheritage and Geotourism’. The take-aways from the webinair were
 Geotourism is holistic and ‘place based’ with geology and landscapes as its base.
 The right balance needs to be determined between exposing geosites for public visitation & geoconservation needs.
 Geotourism must determine what measures are put in place or techniques used to respect geoconservation considerations.
 Through the study of geomorphology, an understanding of landscapes can enhance outstanding, interpretative experiences for visitors.
 The application of new digital technologies can add considerable value to the geotourism experience.
 Geoheritage needs to embrace both fossil & mineral treasures.

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UTAS Webinar Workshop: Geoheritage and Geotourism

  1. 1. ‘Geoheritage and Geotourism’ UTAS Webinar Workshop 27th April 2020 Angus M Robinson Coordinator National Geotourism Strategy Mount Sonder Red Centre National Landscape
  2. 2. Presenter: Angus M Robinson • Graduating in 1968, exploration geologist by profession; since 2008, engaged in ecotourism/geotourism activities as an eco-certified tour operator. • Inaugural Chair, Geotourism Standing Committee of the Geological Society of Australia, 2011 - 2017. • Prior to 2008, 25 years in senior executive roles relating to technology park development and hi-tech, manufacturing industry association activities. • Earlier senior executive roles at Taronga Zoo, NSW Geological & Mining Museum, NSW Geological Survey, Mt Hotham Alpine Resort and various US based mining companies.
  3. 3. What is the Purpose of Geoscience?  The purpose of geoscience is to explore, develop and celebrate the links between geological heritage and all other aspects of natural, cultural and intangible heritages.  By studying these issues, geoscientists, along with other scientists and geographers, can anticipate earth's future and examine any changes that may need to be made. Angus M Robinson inspired by the UNESCO Global Geoparks Program & the Geological Survey of Ireland
  4. 4. Today’s Agenda  Natural Heritage, Geoconservation and Geomorphology  Ecotourism and Geotourism  National Geotourism Strategy  Geoheritage related geotourism issues with examples  Government approval pathway  Geotrails  Collaboration with Mining Heritage  Take Aways
  5. 5. Understanding Natural Heritage Natural heritage is the legacy of natural objects and intangible attributes encompassing the countryside and natural environment, including flora and fauna, scientifically known as BIODIVERSITY, and geology, landforms and soil landscapes, i.e. GEODIVERSITY
  6. 6. Understanding Geoconservation It is about conserving GEOHERITAGE and managing GEODIVERSITY as an important part of natural heritage, natural functions and processes, as well as natural beauty.
  7. 7. Understanding Geomorphology (Physical Geography) Within geoscience, it is about the study of the physical features of the surface of the earth (landscapes) and their relation to its geological structures.
  8. 8. Ecotourism & Geotourism Concepts  Ecotourism is ecologically sustainable tourism with a primary focus on experiencing protected natural areas that fosters environmental and cultural understanding, appreciation and conservation.  But ecotourism per se is too narrowly defined and is increasingly seen as a niche market.  However 'geotourism is holistic, nature-based and cultural tourism that focuses on an area's geology & landscape as the platform for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment'.
  9. 9. Ecotourism & Geotourism Concepts  Ecotourism is practised predominantly in protected areas such as national parks whereas geotourism is undertaken also in all areas where primary industry activities are being carried out.  Unlike ecotourism, geotourism is increasingly seen globally as an instrument of regional economic development.
  10. 10. Geotourism comprises the following features of both natural and cultural heritage:  Abiotic – non-living aspects such as the sky, climate & geology, landscape and landforms: celebrating GEODIVERSITY.  Biotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants): celebrating BIODIVERSITY.  Cultural – past & present, indigenous and post European settlement, non-living and built: celebrating HUMAN DIVERSITY Holistic in scope, geotourism is booming globally and a key driver for tourism, particularly in Europe and Asia.
  11. 11. ‘Place Based’ Geotourism incorporating all types of ‘nature-based’ tourism Astrotourism Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism ECOTOURISM Geotourism i.e. ‘experiential tourism’
  12. 12. Fundamentals Geotourism is not 'geological tourism’ Geotourism is rather ‘place based’
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. Geotourism Delivery Mechanisms 1. Geosites & Mining Heritage Sites. 2. Geological Time Walks & Rock Gardens 3. Geotrails. 4. Geoparks - both national and UNESCO global. 5. Mining Parks e.g. as in China Geological Time Walk Geoscience Australia, Canberra
  15. 15. Australian Geoscience Council  The Australian Geoscience Council (AGC) is the peak Council of geoscientists in Australia representing nine major Australian geoscientific societies with a total membership of over 8,000 individuals.  Under the current 2015-2020 Strategic Plan of the AGC, and as a Geoscience advocacy opportunity, the AGC has decided to formulate a draft National Geotourism Strategy to accommodate the orderly development of major geotourism projects and activities in line with overseas trends and domestic regional development imperatives.
  16. 16. National Geotourism Strategy – Discussion Topics 1. Geotourism as a means of celebrating geodiversity. 2. Enhanced coordination nationally of geoheritage listings. 3. Establishment of a national set of administrative procedures for ‘georegional’ assessment. 4. New geotrail development. 5. Geotourism to strengthen Australia’s international geoscience standing. 6. Training of geologists to improve communication skills for geosite interpretation. 7. Collaboration with providers of other areas of natural (bioregion) and cultural (particularly MINING) heritage content.
  17. 17. National Geotourism Strategy – Topic #1 Geotourism celebrating Geodiversity:  By expansion of the Geotourism map concept (as developed in NSW) progressively across Australia on a ‘state by state’ basis (both hard copy and online) supplemented by publications.  By consideration of new ICTs (e.g. smartphones, 3D visualisation, AR & VR), GIS technologies as a cost- effective means of accessing and better communicating geological content for travellers and residents in regional Australia.
  18. 18. National Geotourism Strategy – Topic #2 Enhanced coordination nationally of geoheritage listings with the objective of highlighting areas of both geotourism value and geosites that need to be protected, given that  the right balance needs to be determined between the needs of exposing geosites for public visitation and geoconservation needs, and  there are no national standards or guidelines with each state/territory having different strategies and systems for recording geoheritage. •
  19. 19. Geological Heritage, Geoconservation and Geotourism  Geological heritage sites, the scale of which will vary greatly e.g. a fossil locality or road cutting, others may entail a segment of coastline or a large topographical feature. Some sites may need to be surrounded by a buffer zone of sufficient size to protect its integrity.  Therefore Geoconservation must be a key consideration when sites are considered for geotourism.  Geotours must consider what measures are put in place or techniques used to respect geoconservation considerations.
  20. 20. Technology Solutions for Geoheritage Protection  Virtual Tours e.g. GSWA Virtual Tour of the East Pilbara tours-22666.aspx  Visitor Interpretation Centre supported Augmented Reality and 3D Visualisation  Smartphone Supported Tour Guide Applications.  and not forgetting the power of controlled onsite tours with tour guides (similar to Cave tours) and/or the construction of interpretation centres built over the exposed outcrops .
  21. 21. Source: CARTO GRAPHICS
  22. 22. New National Park at Nilpena Flinders Ranges South Australia Iconic Ediacaran Fossil Site
  23. 23. Iconic Fossil Geosites – Ediacaran & Keichousaurus Nilpena, South Australia Zingyi, Guizhou Province, China
  24. 24. Flinders Ranges National Landscape Keichousaurus Conservation Museum, Xingyi National Geopark
  25. 25. Age of the Dinosaurs Winton Qld
  26. 26. Archaen Stromatolites and Professor Martin Van Kranendock
  27. 27. Iconic Geotourism Themes of the Pilbara Georegion  A: Landforms and geoheritage including ancient fossils  B: Endemic Flora and Fauna Highlights  C: Indigenous (and European) culture, particularly agriculture, mining and resource processing
  28. 28. Gossan of the Broken Hill Orebody
  29. 29. National Geotourism Strategy – Topic #3 Establishment of a national set of administrative procedures for ‘georegional’ assessment to provide for potential geopark nominations at state and national levels and, as approved by governments, at a UNESCO Global Geopark level.
  30. 30. Georegions, Geotrails and Geoparks  In large regional areas such as the Murchison in Western Australia, the Mid West Development Commission and local councils are undertaking a ‘georegional’ assessment.  Including the determination of the most viable geotourism delivery mechanism available.  In the first instance this is focused on geotrail development.  This may lead to the identification of an area suitable for geopark development, subject to State Government approval.
  31. 31. National Geotourism Strategy – Topic #4 New Geotrail Development: Individual geological surveys from the States and Territories be invited to engage, on an ‘as needs’ basis, and in collaboration with university/museum interest groups as well as with state/territory divisions and branches of the interested professional societies, to review the suitability of existing roads, bushwalks, biking and rail trails as potential geotrails.
  32. 32. Current & Potential Major Geotrail Projects in Australia  Tasmania - West Coast Geotrail, Furneaux Geotrail.  Queensland - Savannah Way, Dig the Tropics, Boulder Opal (Western Queensland).  Victoria/SA - Kanawinka, Great Ocean Road.  South Australia - Brachina Gorge, Great Central Geotrail  Western Australia - Murchison Proposal.  New South Wales - Volcano geotrail, Central West Gondwana  Northern Territory – Various proposals (e.g.Red Centre Way). Plus a wide range of smaller, dedicated geotrails along walking tracks, old rail easements etc. being developed in NSW (e.g. various Riverina Rail Trail projects), Tasmania, Qld, WA and SA; and river trails (e.g. Darling River Run).
  33. 33. 26 • Identify a geoscience theme • Tell a simple story incorporating 'A' + 'B' +'C' elements • Use engaging stories, descriptions and graphics • Deliver supporting information in a range of ways • Collaborate • Link to related features based on science and culture Desired outcomes • increased visitor numbers and regional economic growth • a broader community understanding of science, and in particular, geoscience. Keys to success - Warrumbungles Geotrail
  34. 34. Exemplar: Port Macquarie Coastal Geotrail, NSW "The collaborative geotrail project has been led by the University of Newcastle (A) & supported by Port Macquarie-Hastings Council, the Geological Survey of NSW (A), NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (B) & Birpai Local Aboriginal Land Council (C). Supported by a brochure, website & smartphone app, the Port Macquarie Coastal Geotrail is a four kilometre walk from Shelly Beach to Rocky Beach that tells the story of plate tectonics & how the Earth’s crust was formed along the stretch of coastline over the past 460 million years".
  35. 35. 21 Port Macquarie Coastal Geotrail •Opened 2 May 2018. •Collaborative project with Uni of Newcastle, Port Macquarie- Hastings Council, OEH (Sea Acres Rainforest Centre), Birpai LALC. •Geotrail with signs, brochure, web content and app. •Helped to train volunteers.
  36. 36. Granite & Woodlands Self-Drive Discovery Trail, WA "Take in the expansive views of sandy heathland & spring wildflowers (B) as you pass along the Holland Track, which gives way to nickel & gold mining land (C) around Forrestania Plots. Keep a look out for bush turkeys, dingos or more elusive native animals such as honey and pigmy possums (B),which are sometimes seen around Grevillea Hill. From here the landscape changes (A) to mallee woodland & eucalypts. Explore the rocky outcrops & cliffs of The Breakaways(A) before rolling out your swag at for a night under an amazing star-filled sky (A)."
  37. 37. Australia’s National Landscapes Programme Partnership between tourism and conservation that aims to:  Promote world class, high quality visitor experiences  Increase the value of tourism to regional economies  Enhance the role of protected areas in those economies  Build support for protecting our natural and cultural assets  Engage local communities A long term strategic approach ‘To differentiate Australia’s iconic natural and cultural destinations from anything else available in the world’
  38. 38. Australia’s 16 National Landscapes
  39. 39. Australia’s Big Outdoor Museum: The Magnificent Flinders Ranges Source: Sir Douglas Mawson, Eminent Explorer and Geologist Photo Credit: South Australian Tourism Commission/Adam Bruzzone
  40. 40. Alice Springs Uluru Red Centre National Landscape ‘features an ancient landscape with erosional remnants (geosites) linked to a common geological heritage’
  41. 41. Iconic Geotourism Themes of Australia’s Red Centre National Landscape  A: Landforms and common geological heritage  B: Red Kangaroo species, and other type flora/fauna  C: Indigenous (and European) culture
  42. 42. Island of Tasmania Australia’s Red Centre National Landscape
  43. 43. Island of Tasmania
  44. 44. Island of Tasmania
  45. 45. Island of Tasmania
  46. 46. National Geotourism Strategy – Topic #7 Mechanisms for collaboration with providers of other areas of natural (bioregion) and cultural heritage content,  inclusive of mining and resource industry heritage (e.g. mining companies, geological and mining museums, historical societies e.g.the AMHA,  as well as specialist groups with interests in flora and fauna etc.)
  47. 47. Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park, Taiwan Herberton Mining Centre and Walking Trails
  48. 48. Herberton Mining Centre
  49. 49. Value of Museum Mineral Collections “National and local museums can be a valuable source of information from an exploration perspective. If there is a comprehensive collection of minerals and ore suites from former and existing mines, an exploration geologist can quickly view the various styles of mineralisation and ore deposit types”. Douglas J Kirwin President 2019 Society of Economic Geologists
  50. 50. Public Mining & Mineral Collections and Tourist Mine Sites – Tasmania • West Coast Heritage Centre, Zeehan. • Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. • GSTas, Hobart • Queen Victoria Museum & Art Gallery (not public), Launceston. • UTAS, Hobart. Key: Gold font indicates mineral collections available for public viewing
  51. 51. The
  52. 52. Photo by Henry Gold
  53. 53. Take Aways  Geotourism is holistic and ‘place based’ with geology and landscapes as its base.  The right balance needs to be determined between exposing geosites for public visitation & geoconservation needs.  Geotourism must determine what measures are put in place or techniques used to respect geoconservation considerations.  Through the study of geomorphology, an understanding of landscapes can enhance outstanding, interpretative experiences for visitors.  The application of new digital technologies can add considerable value to the geotourism experience.  Geoheritage needs to embrace both fossil & mineral treasures.
  54. 54. Contact Details Angus M Robinson FAusIMM (CP) Tel: 0418 488 340 Information about Australian Geotourism and Geopark Development Activities Australian Geoscience Council
  55. 55. Q & A Convenor: Mark Williams Geoscientist and Lecturer in Physical Geography and Spatial Science The University of Tasmania .