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Segra2015 geotourism angus_m_robinson

  1. 1. ““Geotourism – Pathways for RegionalGeotourism – Pathways for Regional Development in AustraliaDevelopment in Australia”” Geotourism Workshop, SEGRA 2015Geotourism Workshop, SEGRA 2015 22nd October 201522nd October 2015 Angus M RobinsonAngus M Robinson
  2. 2. Today’s AgendaToday’s Agenda  Landscapes, natural heritage & the environment  What do we mean by geotourism?  Geoparks and Australia’s National Landscapes  Geotrails  Take Aways
  3. 3. Environment, Natural & Cultural HeritageEnvironment, Natural & Cultural Heritage comprises the following:comprises the following: 1.1. AAbioticbiotic – non-living aspects such as the climate & geology– non-living aspects such as the climate & geology e.g. landscape and landforms:e.g. landscape and landforms: GEODIVERSITYGEODIVERSITY 2.2. BBioticiotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora– the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants):(plants): BIODIVERSITYBIODIVERSITY 3.3. CCulturalultural – past & present, non-living & built– past & present, non-living & built PartsParts B+CB+C are well interpreted within tourism, especially throughare well interpreted within tourism, especially through ecotourism and cultural tourism,ecotourism and cultural tourism, butbut AA has typically not beenhas typically not been addressedaddressed Source: Dowling, 2013
  4. 4. Geotourism DefinitionGeotourism Definition ‘Geotourism is tourism which focuses on an area's geology and landscapegeology and landscape as the basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment’.
  5. 5. Geotourism - asGeotourism - as oneone of the components of theof the components of the many types of ‘place-based’ tourismmany types of ‘place-based’ tourism Sightseeing Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism Ecotourism GeotourismGeotourism
  6. 6. Core Elements of a GeoparkCore Elements of a Geopark A GEOPARKGEOPARK achieves its goals of fostering local developmentfostering local development through a three-pronged approach:  GEOCONSERVATIONGEOCONSERVATION: A GEOPARK seeks to conserve significant geological features, and explore and demonstrate methods for excellence in conservation.  EDUCATIONEDUCATION: A GEOPARK organises activities and provides logistic support to communicate geoscientific knowledge and environmental concepts to the public.  GEOTOURISMGEOTOURISM: A GEOPARK stimulates economic activity and sustainable development through geotourism.
  7. 7. Mining Industry Land Access Issues & GeoparksMining Industry Land Access Issues & Geoparks Whilst a Geopark status does not imply restrictions on anyWhilst a Geopark status does not imply restrictions on any economic activity inside a geoparkeconomic activity inside a geopark where that activity complies with local, regional or national legislation, mining industry interests are wary of:  Restricted accessRestricted access to land for exploration and mining.  Geoparks or any land designated a ‘park’ alienating landalienating land beyond the boundaries of national parks. Geoheritage measures restricting access to outcropsrestricting access to outcrops.
  8. 8. ‘‘Institutional’ Resistance to Geoparks in AustraliaInstitutional’ Resistance to Geoparks in Australia  State/Territory Geological Surveys have not been supportive ofGeological Surveys have not been supportive of the conceptthe concept – exasperates land alienation.  Staff in many national parks are more interested and trained inmore interested and trained in other areas of natural heritageother areas of natural heritage.  Limited geoscience constituencyLimited geoscience constituency in government land management agencies.  Geoparks would mean a new and competing funding neednew and competing funding need – diverted from national parks.  Designated geoparks adds to the complexity of governmentcomplexity of government administration.administration.
  9. 9. Australia’s National Landscapes ProgrammeAustralia’s National Landscapes Programme Partnership between tourism and conservation that aims to:  Promote world class, high qualityworld class, high quality visitor experiences  Increase the value of tourism to regional economiesvalue of tourism to regional economies  Enhance the role of protected areasrole of protected areas in those economies  Build support for protecting our natural and cultural assetsprotecting our natural and cultural assets A long term strategic approach To differentiate Australia’sTo differentiate Australia’s iconic natural and culturaliconic natural and cultural destinations from anythingdestinations from anything else available in the worldelse available in the world.
  10. 10. National Landscapes and GeoparksNational Landscapes and Geoparks  Have similar goalssimilar goals relating to local development, education and experiential tourism (‘geotourism’).  However, National Landscapes do not focus onNational Landscapes do not focus on fostering geoconservationfostering geoconservation, but have a broader ‘natural heritage’ remit.  The Australian National Landscape ProgrammeNational Landscape Programme is currently struggling for support from governments.struggling for support from governments.
  11. 11. Geotourism – Establishing ‘Common Ground’ withGeotourism – Establishing ‘Common Ground’ with Park Managers & Regional Development InterestsPark Managers & Regional Development Interests There is an opportunity for geotourism advocates togeotourism advocates to engage with state/territory park managersengage with state/territory park managers and regional development authoritiesregional development authorities to determine commonality on issues relating to:  Forming partnerships with other land userspartnerships with other land users  Attracting visitors, particularly from overseasAttracting visitors, particularly from overseas  Development of regional communitiesegional communities  IndigenousIndigenous engagement  Identification & conservation of geositesgeosites  Connecting landscapesConnecting landscapes through geotrailsgeotrails
  12. 12. Alice Springs Uluru Red Centre National Landscape ‘features an ancient landscape with erosional remnants (geosites) linked to a common geological heritage’
  13. 13. Iconic Geotourism Themes of theIconic Geotourism Themes of the Red Centre National LandscapeRed Centre National Landscape  AA: Landforms and ancient geology: Landforms and ancient geology  BB: Red Kangaroo species, and other type: Red Kangaroo species, and other type flora/faunaflora/fauna  CC: Indigenous (and European) culture: Indigenous (and European) culture
  14. 14. Geotrail Characteristics -Geotrail Characteristics - A First DefinitionA First Definition ‘A Geotrail delivers geotourism experiences through a journey linked by an area's geologygeology and landscapeand landscape as the basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment’.
  15. 15. Island of Tasmania
  16. 16. Island of Tasmania
  17. 17. Island of Tasmania
  18. 18. Island of Tasmania
  19. 19. Island of Tasmania
  20. 20. Island of Tasmania
  21. 21. Island of Tasmania
  22. 22. Island of Tasmania
  23. 23. Island of Tasmania National Landscape Cradlecoast GeoTrailCradlecoast GeoTrail
  24. 24. Flinders RangesFlinders Ranges National LandscapeNational Landscape Brachina Gorge Geological Trail and Bunyeroo ValleyBrachina Gorge Geological Trail and Bunyeroo Valley
  25. 25. Australia’s Coastal Wilderness National Landscape Geo-heritage journey and geotrails
  26. 26. Great Ocean Road National Landscape Great Ocean Road and Kanawinka Geotrail ?
  27. 27. Why Geotrails?Why Geotrails? 1. Relates directly to the tourism experience of a journey linking destinations. 2.2. In Australia, unlike geoparks,In Australia, unlike geoparks, geotrails have universal appeal, and do not compete with or impact, and do not compete with or impact on land management/access issues.on land management/access issues. 3.3. Geotrails are relatively easy to establish andGeotrails are relatively easy to establish and represent arepresent a very cost effective means of enhancingvery cost effective means of enhancing regional developmentregional development..
  28. 28. Best Practice GeotrailsBest Practice Geotrails 1.1. Should be constructed aroundShould be constructed around routes currently usedroutes currently used by touristsby tourists; geotrails should form logical journeys; geotrails should form logical journeys linking accommodation destinations.linking accommodation destinations. 2.2. ShouldShould meld the geological heritage features of ameld the geological heritage features of a region with a cohesive story.region with a cohesive story. 3.3. ShouldShould incorporate and package in the biodiversityincorporate and package in the biodiversity and cultural components (including mining heritage)and cultural components (including mining heritage) of the region through which the geotrail traverses.of the region through which the geotrail traverses.
  29. 29. Take-AwaysTake-Aways  The incorporation of the geotourism experience (with traditional nature tourism and elements oftraditional nature tourism and elements of other ‘place based’ tourism)other ‘place based’ tourism) creates a more holistic experience, and is a move towards the experientialexperiential tourism modeltourism model. In short, ‘experiential’ tourists seek memorable experiencesmemorable experiences.  Australia’s National LandscapesAustralia’s National Landscapes and many other regional areas of Australia are key ‘iconic’‘iconic’ places where geotourism is centre stagewhere geotourism is centre stage.  Australia has a big future for geotourismbig future for geotourism particularly given the emerging demand from overseas markets.overseas markets.
  30. 30. Take-AwaysTake-Aways  ButBut we must build capacitywe must build capacity into our tourisminto our tourism infrastructure –infrastructure – more regional development!more regional development!  Creating geotrailsCreating geotrails is arguably the easiest way ofis arguably the easiest way of providing early pathways for geotourism activities inproviding early pathways for geotourism activities in Australia.Australia.  New ICT technologiesNew ICT technologies offer cost effective solutionsoffer cost effective solutions of providing travellers with interpretativeof providing travellers with interpretative information.information.  Successful roll-out ofSuccessful roll-out of geotrails will instill confidencegeotrails will instill confidence in geotourismin geotourism providing a future pathway to geoparkproviding a future pathway to geopark establishment and development in Australia.establishment and development in Australia.
  31. 31. Contact DetailsContact Details 0418 488 3400418 488 340 Join the LinkedIn Discussion Group: ‘Australian Geotourism Development’