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New National Park
at Nilpena
Flinders Ranges
South Australia
Angus M Robinson
Australian Geoscience Council
Australia’s 16 National Landscapes
Source: CARTO GRAPHICS
Australia’s Big Outdoor Museum: The Magnificent Flinders Ranges
Source: Sir Douglas Mawson, Eminent Explorer and Geologist
Photo Credit: South Australian Tourism Commission/Adam Bruzzone
“Welcome to my Country”
Haydyn Bromley
of the Adnyamathanha
people
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage
Serial
Nomination
– Key
Criterion
World Heritage Listing of these
outstanding values is being
pursued under criterion (viii):
“to be outstanding examples
representing major stages of
earth’s history
 including the record of life,
 significant on-going processes
in the development of
landforms, or
 significant geomorphic or
physiographic features”.
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage
Serial
Nomination
– Nilpena
Ediacaran
Site
 A proposed new National Park will
protect an internationally significant
fossil assemblage, representing the first
fossilised remains of a community of
soft-bodied Ediacaran organisms not
found in such abundance anywhere in
the world.
 These fossils are some 560 million years
old, and as the first known radiation of
multicellular animal life, they have
given scientists a new understanding of
the evolution of life on earth.
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage
Serial
Nomination
– Arkaroola
Site
 In addition to the extra record of the
emergence of animal life, this site
records many extraordinary physical
and chemical geological processes of
global significance. One fine example
is the ‘hot rocks’ of Arkaroola
containing uranium and radium.
 This natural radioactive heat
phenomenon has generated
geological processes and landforms
not known anywhere else on Earth.
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage
Serial
Nomination
–
Geotourism
Potential
 There are a number of areas set
aside for protection and
management of the region’s
natural, cultural and historic
values, on public, private and
leasehold land.
 Pastoralism has had a strong
historic influence in the region,
and continues to be an important
industry today.
 The region’s rich values and
breathtaking landscapes make the
Flinders Ranges an iconic
geotourism destination with
unparalleled visitor experiences.
Geotourism
comprises the following features of both natural and
cultural heritage:
 Abiotic – non-living aspects such as the climate &
geology e.g. landscape and landforms:
GEODIVERSITY
 Biotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and
flora (plants): BIODIVERSITY
 Cultural – past & present, non-living and built
Holistic in scope, geotourism is the key driver for
UNESCO Geoparks, World Heritage Areas, and
Australian National Landscapes.
Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Landscape and Geology (‘A’)
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia

Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage -
Flora ('B')
 The Flinders Ranges supports an eccentric
mix of moisture dependant and arid
adapted plants. The specialised habitats of
local endemics are bound to the region's
geology.
 Native vegetation is shaped by landform,
soil, climate and fire. It is also influenced
by human activity. Native plants sustained
the cultural and economic lives of the
Flinders Ranges Andyamathanha people for
thousands of years.
 At least 85 plant species in the Flinders
Ranges are of national, state or regional
conservation significance.
Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Flora(‘B’)
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage -
Fauna ('B')
 Owing to the establishment of permanent
waterholes for stock and the removal of
Dingos from the Flinders Ranges, the Red
Kangaroo, Western Grey Kangaroo and Euro
have all increased their range and
population. Accordingly, the proposed
National Park will be one of the best parks
in Australia to view these unique animals.
 Not so fortunate was the Yellow-footed
Rock-wallaby, which was almost pushed to
extinction.
 Bird life is rich and varied in the region
with more than 100 native bird species
recorded.
Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Fauna(‘B’)
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Flinders
Ranges
World
Heritage -
Culture
('C')
 Whilst geologists use science to explain how
the Flinders Ranges were formed. The
Adnyamathanha people of the Flinders Ranges
have their own creation histories for the land
and the life it supports. The creation histories
and geology complement each other, enriching
our knowledge of the landscape.
 Land use changed with the arrival of Europeans
in the 1850s. High stocking rates on early
pastoral leases, land clearances for agriculture,
a century of feral animals, competition from
introduced plant species and fewer bushfires,
have dramatically altered the ecology of many
plant communities in the Flinders Ranges.
Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Culture (‘C’)
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
New National Park  at Nilpena,  Flinders Ranges, South Australia
Flinders Ranges –
Geoscience
Cultural Heritage
 Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary was
established in 1968 by geologist, Dr
Reginald Sprigg AO, mentored by his
friend, Sir Douglas Mawson.
 In 1946, Dr Sprigg discovered the
Ediacara biota. Involved in uranium &
petroleum exploration with the SA
Geological Survey and with various
companies.
 Dr Sprigg acquired Arkaroola, a
derelict pastoral lease, and
transformed it into a wildlife
sanctuary, now an outstanding world
class geotourism attraction.
Yellow-Footed
Rock-Wallaby
 In 1979 FNPW purchased 10,000
hectares near the Mutawintji
National Park, near Broken Hill for
the conservation and protection of
the Yellow-Footed Rock-Wallaby, a
beautiful macropod species not
endemic to, but a well-known icon
of the Flinders Ranges.
 Forty years on, FNPW now offers a
unique opportunity to further
enhance the conservation of this
and other threatened species
through the establishment of a
major addition to our Natural
Heritage Estate.
Photo credit: Jason Irving
Overview - Flinders
Ranges WHA
 As an exemplar of geodiversity in the Earth’s
geological record, the Ediacaran fossil
assemblage of the Flinders Ranges also
celebrates the very birth of the Earth’s
biodiversity.
 As one of Australia’s most significant National
Landscapes, the Flinders Ranges has the
making of being also declared as another
UNESCO World Heritage Site.
 FNPW with the Flinders Ranges Ediacara
Foundation and the SA Government aims to
create a new national park as a key core
component of this vision. Ediacara Spriggina
The Way Forward – How Can We Realise this Exciting Vision?
Contact CEO Ian Darbyshire
P: (02) 9221 1949 | M: 0433 160 652
E: idarbyshire@fnpw.org.au

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New National Park at Nilpena, Flinders Ranges, South Australia

  • 1. New National Park at Nilpena Flinders Ranges South Australia Angus M Robinson Australian Geoscience Council
  • 4. Australia’s Big Outdoor Museum: The Magnificent Flinders Ranges Source: Sir Douglas Mawson, Eminent Explorer and Geologist Photo Credit: South Australian Tourism Commission/Adam Bruzzone
  • 5. “Welcome to my Country” Haydyn Bromley of the Adnyamathanha people
  • 6. Flinders Ranges World Heritage Serial Nomination – Key Criterion World Heritage Listing of these outstanding values is being pursued under criterion (viii): “to be outstanding examples representing major stages of earth’s history  including the record of life,  significant on-going processes in the development of landforms, or  significant geomorphic or physiographic features”.
  • 7. Flinders Ranges World Heritage Serial Nomination – Nilpena Ediacaran Site  A proposed new National Park will protect an internationally significant fossil assemblage, representing the first fossilised remains of a community of soft-bodied Ediacaran organisms not found in such abundance anywhere in the world.  These fossils are some 560 million years old, and as the first known radiation of multicellular animal life, they have given scientists a new understanding of the evolution of life on earth.
  • 8. Flinders Ranges World Heritage Serial Nomination – Arkaroola Site  In addition to the extra record of the emergence of animal life, this site records many extraordinary physical and chemical geological processes of global significance. One fine example is the ‘hot rocks’ of Arkaroola containing uranium and radium.  This natural radioactive heat phenomenon has generated geological processes and landforms not known anywhere else on Earth.
  • 9. Flinders Ranges World Heritage Serial Nomination – Geotourism Potential  There are a number of areas set aside for protection and management of the region’s natural, cultural and historic values, on public, private and leasehold land.  Pastoralism has had a strong historic influence in the region, and continues to be an important industry today.  The region’s rich values and breathtaking landscapes make the Flinders Ranges an iconic geotourism destination with unparalleled visitor experiences.
  • 10. Geotourism comprises the following features of both natural and cultural heritage:  Abiotic – non-living aspects such as the climate & geology e.g. landscape and landforms: GEODIVERSITY  Biotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants): BIODIVERSITY  Cultural – past & present, non-living and built Holistic in scope, geotourism is the key driver for UNESCO Geoparks, World Heritage Areas, and Australian National Landscapes.
  • 11. Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Landscape and Geology (‘A’)
  • 28.
  • 29. Flinders Ranges World Heritage - Flora ('B')  The Flinders Ranges supports an eccentric mix of moisture dependant and arid adapted plants. The specialised habitats of local endemics are bound to the region's geology.  Native vegetation is shaped by landform, soil, climate and fire. It is also influenced by human activity. Native plants sustained the cultural and economic lives of the Flinders Ranges Andyamathanha people for thousands of years.  At least 85 plant species in the Flinders Ranges are of national, state or regional conservation significance.
  • 30. Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Flora(‘B’)
  • 35. Flinders Ranges World Heritage - Fauna ('B')  Owing to the establishment of permanent waterholes for stock and the removal of Dingos from the Flinders Ranges, the Red Kangaroo, Western Grey Kangaroo and Euro have all increased their range and population. Accordingly, the proposed National Park will be one of the best parks in Australia to view these unique animals.  Not so fortunate was the Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby, which was almost pushed to extinction.  Bird life is rich and varied in the region with more than 100 native bird species recorded.
  • 36. Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Fauna(‘B’)
  • 40. Flinders Ranges World Heritage - Culture ('C')  Whilst geologists use science to explain how the Flinders Ranges were formed. The Adnyamathanha people of the Flinders Ranges have their own creation histories for the land and the life it supports. The creation histories and geology complement each other, enriching our knowledge of the landscape.  Land use changed with the arrival of Europeans in the 1850s. High stocking rates on early pastoral leases, land clearances for agriculture, a century of feral animals, competition from introduced plant species and fewer bushfires, have dramatically altered the ecology of many plant communities in the Flinders Ranges.
  • 41. Flinders Ranges World Heritage – Culture (‘C’)
  • 49. Flinders Ranges – Geoscience Cultural Heritage  Arkaroola Wilderness Sanctuary was established in 1968 by geologist, Dr Reginald Sprigg AO, mentored by his friend, Sir Douglas Mawson.  In 1946, Dr Sprigg discovered the Ediacara biota. Involved in uranium & petroleum exploration with the SA Geological Survey and with various companies.  Dr Sprigg acquired Arkaroola, a derelict pastoral lease, and transformed it into a wildlife sanctuary, now an outstanding world class geotourism attraction.
  • 50. Yellow-Footed Rock-Wallaby  In 1979 FNPW purchased 10,000 hectares near the Mutawintji National Park, near Broken Hill for the conservation and protection of the Yellow-Footed Rock-Wallaby, a beautiful macropod species not endemic to, but a well-known icon of the Flinders Ranges.  Forty years on, FNPW now offers a unique opportunity to further enhance the conservation of this and other threatened species through the establishment of a major addition to our Natural Heritage Estate. Photo credit: Jason Irving
  • 51. Overview - Flinders Ranges WHA  As an exemplar of geodiversity in the Earth’s geological record, the Ediacaran fossil assemblage of the Flinders Ranges also celebrates the very birth of the Earth’s biodiversity.  As one of Australia’s most significant National Landscapes, the Flinders Ranges has the making of being also declared as another UNESCO World Heritage Site.  FNPW with the Flinders Ranges Ediacara Foundation and the SA Government aims to create a new national park as a key core component of this vision. Ediacara Spriggina
  • 52. The Way Forward – How Can We Realise this Exciting Vision? Contact CEO Ian Darbyshire P: (02) 9221 1949 | M: 0433 160 652 E: idarbyshire@fnpw.org.au