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Geotourism, Geotrails & Geoparks – Pathways for Future Development in Australia , AESC 2016, 27th June 2016

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Update of geotourism development in Australia, having regard to geotrails and geopark progress, and collaboration with China

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Geotourism, Geotrails & Geoparks – Pathways for Future Development in Australia , AESC 2016, 27th June 2016

  1. 1. ““Geotourism, Geotrails & Geoparks –Geotourism, Geotrails & Geoparks – Pathways for Future Development in AustraliaPathways for Future Development in Australia”” AESC 2016AESC 2016 2727thth June 2016June 2016 Angus M RobinsonAngus M Robinson Chair, Geotourism Standing CommitteeChair, Geotourism Standing Committee Angus M RobinsonAngus M Robinson
  2. 2. Today’s AgendaToday’s Agenda  What do we mean by geotourism?What do we mean by geotourism?  GeotrailsGeotrails  Red Centre Way (Geotrail) and Other GeotrailsRed Centre Way (Geotrail) and Other Geotrails  Current Status – Geopark Development inCurrent Status – Geopark Development in AustraliaAustralia  Take AwaysTake Aways  Australia- China CollaborationAustralia- China Collaboration
  3. 3. Geotourism Definition adopted byGeotourism Definition adopted by the Geological Society of Australiathe Geological Society of Australia ‘Geotourism is tourism which focuses on an area'sGeotourism is tourism which focuses on an area's geology and landscapegeology and landscape as the basis for providing visitoras the basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment’.engagement, learning and enjoyment’.
  4. 4. Environment, Natural & Cultural HeritageEnvironment, Natural & Cultural Heritage comprises the following:comprises the following: 1.1. AAbioticbiotic – non-living aspects such as the climate & geology– non-living aspects such as the climate & geology e.g. landscape and landforms:e.g. landscape and landforms: GEODIVERSITYGEODIVERSITY 2.2. BBioticiotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora– the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants):(plants): BIODIVERSITYBIODIVERSITY 3.3. CCulturalultural – past & present, non-living & built– past & present, non-living & built PartsParts B+CB+C are well interpreted within tourism, especially throughare well interpreted within tourism, especially through ecotourism and cultural tourism,ecotourism and cultural tourism, butbut AA has typically not been wellhas typically not been well addressed in Australia.addressed in Australia. Source: Dowling, 2013
  5. 5. Geotourism incorporatingGeotourism incorporating all types of ‘nature-based’ and cultural tourismall types of ‘nature-based’ and cultural tourism After Boley, B.B. after Thompson, S. 2009 Sightseeing Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism ECOTOURISM GeotourismGeotourism i.e. ‘experientiali.e. ‘experiential tourism’tourism’
  6. 6. Geotourism – Diversity of PlacesGeotourism – Diversity of Places GeotourismGeotourism IconsIcons ((Inc National Landscapes)Inc National Landscapes) Mine Sites National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/ Urban ParksUrban Parks GeotrailsGeotrails Geo-sitesGeo-sites Geoparks// PaleoParksPaleoParks Caves/Karst Areas Landforms WHAsWHAs
  7. 7. Alice Springs Uluru Red Centre National Landscape ‘features an ancient landscape with erosional remnants (geosites) linked to a common geological heritage’
  8. 8. Iconic Geotourism Themes of theIconic Geotourism Themes of the Red Centre National LandscapeRed Centre National Landscape  AA: Landforms and common geological heritage: Landforms and common geological heritage  BB: Red Kangaroo species, and other type: Red Kangaroo species, and other type flora/faunaflora/fauna  CC: Indigenous (and European) culture: Indigenous (and European) culture
  9. 9. Geotrail Characteristics -Geotrail Characteristics - A First DefinitionA First Definition ‘A Geotrail delivers geotourism experiencesA Geotrail delivers geotourism experiences through a journey linked by an area'sthrough a journey linked by an area's geologygeology and landscapeand landscape asas the basis for providing visitorthe basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment’.engagement, learning and enjoyment’.
  10. 10. Why Geotrails?Why Geotrails? 1. Relates directly to the tourism experience of a journey linking destinationsjourney linking destinations. 2.2. In Australia, unlike geoparks,In Australia, unlike geoparks, geotrails havegeotrails have widespread appealwidespread appeal, and do not compete with or, and do not compete with or impact on land management/access issues.impact on land management/access issues. 3.3. Geotrails are relatively easy to establish andGeotrails are relatively easy to establish and represent arepresent a very cost effective means of enhancingvery cost effective means of enhancing regional developmentregional development..
  11. 11. Best Practice GeotrailsBest Practice Geotrails 1.1. Should be constructed aroundShould be constructed around routes currently usedroutes currently used by touristsby tourists; geotrails should form logical journeys; geotrails should form logical journeys linking accommodation destinations.linking accommodation destinations. 2.2. ShouldShould meld the geological heritage features of ameld the geological heritage features of a region with a cohesive STORY.region with a cohesive STORY. 3.3. ShouldShould incorporate and package in the biodiversityincorporate and package in the biodiversity and cultural components (including mining heritage)and cultural components (including mining heritage) of the region through which the geotrail traverses.of the region through which the geotrail traverses.
  12. 12. Island of Tasmania Australia’s Red Centre National Landscape
  13. 13. Island of Tasmania
  14. 14. Island of Tasmania
  15. 15. Island of Tasmania
  16. 16. Island of Tasmania
  17. 17. Island of Tasmania
  18. 18. ‘‘The Living Earth’ – Cradle Coast GeotrailThe Living Earth’ – Cradle Coast Geotrail Island of Tasmania National LandscapeIsland of Tasmania National Landscape
  19. 19. Flinders RangesFlinders Ranges National LandscapeNational Landscape Brachina Gorge Geological Trail and Bunyeroo ValleyBrachina Gorge Geological Trail and Bunyeroo Valley
  20. 20. Australia’s Coastal Wilderness National Landscape Geo-heritage journey and geotrails
  21. 21. Great Ocean Road National Landscape Great Ocean Road and Kanawinka Geotrail ?
  22. 22. Institutional Resistance to Geoparks - 2012Institutional Resistance to Geoparks - 2012  StateState Geological Surveys are not supportive of the conceptGeological Surveys are not supportive of the concept –– exasperates land alienation for exploration and mining.exasperates land alienation for exploration and mining.  Staff in many national parks areStaff in many national parks are more interested and trained inmore interested and trained in other areas of natural heritage; and limited geoscienceother areas of natural heritage; and limited geoscience constituencyconstituency in government land management agencies.in government land management agencies.  Geoparks would mean aGeoparks would mean a new and competing funding neednew and competing funding need –– diverted from national parks.diverted from national parks.  Designated geoparks adds to theDesignated geoparks adds to the complexity of governmentcomplexity of government administration in a federated jurisdiction.administration in a federated jurisdiction.  Viewpoint thatViewpoint that the Australian National Landscape Programthe Australian National Landscape Program should be developed furthershould be developed further as a preferred strategy.as a preferred strategy.
  23. 23. Geopark Development In Australia - 2016Geopark Development In Australia - 2016  Australian Government agencies stillAustralian Government agencies still have reservations ofreservations of acting as an approving authorityacting as an approving authority in land management areas where state/territory governments have jurisdiction.  In the aftermath of the mining boom, regional development –regional development – i.e. jobs and growth has become more of a State/Territoryi.e. jobs and growth has become more of a State/Territory Government political imperative than ever before.Government political imperative than ever before.  Australian Government Geologists are now supportive ofAustralian Government Geologists are now supportive of geotourismgeotourism with a better understanding of geopark/geotrailwith a better understanding of geopark/geotrail development, butdevelopment, but concerns still remain about unintendedconcerns still remain about unintended consequencesconsequences arising from approvingarising from approving ‘geoPARKS’ over landsover lands not already protected.not already protected.
  24. 24. Proposed Hunter Valley National Mining ParkProposed Hunter Valley National Mining Park ““A Vision Beyond Mine Site Rehabilitation -A Vision Beyond Mine Site Rehabilitation - the largest nationalthe largest national mining park in the world to be established to celebrate themining park in the world to be established to celebrate the significant role that mining has played for Australia’ssignificant role that mining has played for Australia’s development.”development.” • Native flora and fauna habitat conservation – all connected through corridors;Native flora and fauna habitat conservation – all connected through corridors; • ‘‘Soft adventure’ recreation.Soft adventure’ recreation. • Coal mining heritage sites, geosites and geotrails.Coal mining heritage sites, geosites and geotrails. • Areas set aside for renewable energy generation (solar arrays, wind farms, biomassAreas set aside for renewable energy generation (solar arrays, wind farms, biomass production) embracing light industrial sites and ‘value adding’ manufacturing.production) embracing light industrial sites and ‘value adding’ manufacturing. • Engagement with the six strategic hubs of the Strategic Aboriginal Culture andEngagement with the six strategic hubs of the Strategic Aboriginal Culture and Enterprise Scheme of the Wonnarua Nation Aboriginal Corporation.Enterprise Scheme of the Wonnarua Nation Aboriginal Corporation.
  25. 25. Geopark Development In Australia - 2016Geopark Development In Australia - 2016  Australia’s National Landscapes and many other regional areas of Australia are key ‘iconic’ places where geotourism, rather than just ‘nature based’ tourism, is becoming seen as synonymous.  With 120 UNESCO Global Parks now approved worldwide, Australia needs to join this global development, or risk missing out on the economic and other benefits offered by geopark development.  Australia has a big future for geotourism particularly given the emerging demand from overseas markets, particularly China.
  26. 26. Take-AwaysTake-Aways  Creating geotrailsCreating geotrails is arguably the easiest way ofis arguably the easiest way of providing early pathways and support fromproviding early pathways and support from governments for geotourism activities in Australia.governments for geotourism activities in Australia.  New ICT technologiesNew ICT technologies offer cost effective solutionsoffer cost effective solutions of providing travellers with interpretativeof providing travellers with interpretative information.information.  Successful roll-out ofSuccessful roll-out of geotrails will instill confidencegeotrails will instill confidence in geotourism,in geotourism, providing aproviding a future pathway tofuture pathway to geopark establishmentgeopark establishment and development inand development in Australia.Australia.  State Government inspired geopark/geotrailState Government inspired geopark/geotrail initiativesinitiatives are emerging in Qld,Tasmania, SA andare emerging in Qld,Tasmania, SA and
  27. 27. Australia-China Memorandum of CooperationAustralia-China Memorandum of Cooperation  The Australia-China relationship is becoming moreThe Australia-China relationship is becoming more importantimportant with the increasing level of economic,with the increasing level of economic, social and cultural activities in the coming decades.social and cultural activities in the coming decades.  The Memorandum of Cooperation will be focusedThe Memorandum of Cooperation will be focused onon growing and enhancing best practice nature-growing and enhancing best practice nature- based tourism (i.e. geotourism)based tourism (i.e. geotourism) in both China andin both China and Australia.Australia.  Tourism park managers could play a significant roleTourism park managers could play a significant role inin establishing ‘sister’ relationships between parks,establishing ‘sister’ relationships between parks, as a key driver of future geotourism.as a key driver of future geotourism.
  28. 28. Contact DetailsContact Details angus@leisuresolutions.com.auangus@leisuresolutions.com.au 0418 488 3400418 488 340 http://www.leisuresolutions.com.au/index.php/geotourism-industry-groupshttp://www.leisuresolutions.com.au/index.php/geotourism-industry-groups// http://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2016/04/australia-s-big-red-centrehttp://www.geoexpro.com/articles/2016/04/australia-s-big-red-centre

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