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Geotourism - A Transformational
Approach to Conserving Heritage
and Generating Post-Mining
Economies for Communities
Angus...
Today’s
Agenda
 Why the AGC interest?
 Ecotourism and geotourism
 Socio-economic benefits of
geotourism
 The National ...
AGC
Interest in
Geotourism
 Geotourism offers the
potential for new industries
and employment opportunities
for geoscient...
Ecotourism
&
Geotourism
Concepts
 Ecotourism is practised
predominantly in protected areas
such as national parks whereas...
Geotourism
 comprises the following features of both natural
and cultural heritage:
 Abiotic – non-living aspects such a...
Societal
Benefits of
Geotourism
Defining a
GeoRegion
 By celebrating the geological
heritage of an identified
GeoRegion, ...
Societal
Benefits of
Geotourism
Mining
Communities
 A mechanism for celebrating and raising
awareness of mining heritage,...
AGC National Geotourism Strategy Principles
 United national voice for geotourism development.
 Working with a large spe...
National
Geotourism
Strategic
Goals
1. Consideration of new digital technologies e.g. 3D
visualisation, AR & VR etc.
2. To...
Dr Melinda McHenry
Chair, Goal 5
Working Group
 Goal 5 identifies opportunities for geotourism
in rural and regional Aust...
Diversity of
Geotourism
& Mining
Heritage
 Existing and abandoned mining sites.
 Old mining towns e.g., Broken Hill.
 H...
Key Issue
for the
Mining
Industry
National
Geotourism
Strategic
Goal # 5
 The acknowledgement of Aboriginal cultural
heri...
Geotourism,
& Mining
Heritage
Opportunities
 Link through geotrail development,
mining heritage into established tourism
...
Proposed Hunter Valley National Mining Park
“A Vision Beyond Mine Site Rehabilitation -
the largest national mining park i...
Bulga Coal
leading the
Way in the
Hunter
Valley
 Bulga Coal Management Pty Ltd (a
Glencore mine) has recently established...
Melding
Geotourism
& Mining
Heritage –
Overseas
Examples
 China has some 70 national mining
parks, notably the Changyu Do...
Black Country
UNESCO Global Geopark, UK
Mining Heritage
Take-Aways
 Goal 5 of the National Geotourism Strategy,
where it is applied for mining activity, can
be developed through...
CONTACT DETAILS
Angus M Robinson FAusIMM (CP)
• E: angus@leisuresolutions.com.au
• Tel: 0418 488 340
• https://www.slidesh...
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Geotourism - A Transformational Approach to Conserving Heritage and Generating Post-Mining Economies for Communities

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In formulating a national strategy for geotourism development, the Australian Geoscience Council
Inc (AGC) has consulted with both the Heritage Committee and the Society of Social and
Environment (The Society) of The AusIMM to determine how best the development
of geotourism throughout Australia can enhance the scope of regional development of mining areas
during current mining activities and after mine closure. Geotourism adds considerable holistic
content value to traditional nature-based tourism as well as cultural attributes (embracing both
Aboriginal and post European settlement) having regard to mining aspects and can be delivered
through mechanisms such as geotrails and geoparks within defined ‘GeoRegions’.

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Geotourism - A Transformational Approach to Conserving Heritage and Generating Post-Mining Economies for Communities

  1. 1. Geotourism - A Transformational Approach to Conserving Heritage and Generating Post-Mining Economies for Communities Angus M Robinson FAusIMM (CP) Coordinator, National Geotourism Strategy Australian Geoscience Council
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda  Why the AGC interest?  Ecotourism and geotourism  Socio-economic benefits of geotourism  The National Geotourism Strategy  Goal 5 focusing on mining communities  Opportunities for the mining industry, e.g., in the Hunter Valley  Overseas examples  Take-Aways
  3. 3. AGC Interest in Geotourism  Geotourism offers the potential for new industries and employment opportunities for geoscientists through the development of major projects within Australia.  Geotourism offers one of the best ways to communicate the value of geoscience to the broader Australian community.
  4. 4. Ecotourism & Geotourism Concepts  Ecotourism is practised predominantly in protected areas such as national parks whereas geotourism is undertaken also in all areas where primary industry activities are being carried out.  Geotourism is increasingly seen globally as an instrument of regional economic development.
  5. 5. Geotourism  comprises the following features of both natural and cultural heritage:  Abiotic – non-living aspects such as the sky, climate & geology, landscape and landforms: celebrating GEODIVERSITY.  Biotic – the living parts eg. fauna (animals) and flora (plants): celebrating BIODIVERSITY.  Cultural – past & present, Aboriginal and post European settlement (incl. mining), non-living and built: celebrating HUMAN DIVERSITY.  Holistic in scope, geotourism is booming globally and a key driver for tourism, particularly in Europe and Asia.
  6. 6. Societal Benefits of Geotourism Defining a GeoRegion  By celebrating the geological heritage of an identified GeoRegion, and in connection with all other aspects of the area’s natural and cultural heritage (and most significantly, Aboriginal heritage), geotourism enhances awareness and understanding of key issues facing society.  Geotourism gives local people a sense of pride and strengthens their identification with a GeoRegion.
  7. 7. Societal Benefits of Geotourism Mining Communities  A mechanism for celebrating and raising awareness of mining heritage, past and present.  An opportunity to enhance community engagement and build value into ‘Social Licence’ considerations.  By celebrating geological heritage, and in connection with all other aspects of the area’s natural and cultural heritage (and most significantly, Aboriginal heritage), geotourism enhances awareness and understanding of key issues facing society, such as using our earth’s resources sustainably.
  8. 8. AGC National Geotourism Strategy Principles  United national voice for geotourism development.  Working with a large specialist reference group.  Working closely with government agencies at all levels to gain their support and endorsement.  Reaching out to other natural and cultural heritage specialists.  Engaging with local communities.
  9. 9. National Geotourism Strategic Goals 1. Consideration of new digital technologies e.g. 3D visualisation, AR & VR etc. 2. To define an approval pathway for major geotourism projects. 3. To establish a framework for creating high quality, sustainable geotrails. 4. To establish a national listing for geoheritage sites suitable for geotourism. 5. To develop geotourism in regional mining communities with potential geoheritage and cultural heritage sites. 6. To strengthen Australia's international geoscience standing through geotourism excellence. 7. To develop and enhance geoscience interpretation and communication skills for natural and cultural heritage professionals engaged in geotourism.
  10. 10. Dr Melinda McHenry Chair, Goal 5 Working Group  Goal 5 identifies opportunities for geotourism in rural and regional Australian post (or active) mining communities, where surfaces are exposed by mining, and their recreational, educational, and cultural values can be realised.  Goal 5 aims to draw attention to these places, and to the range of activities that could be conducted in these places. https://www.youtube.com/embed/-KiF28J2n-k
  11. 11. Diversity of Geotourism & Mining Heritage  Existing and abandoned mining sites.  Old mining towns e.g., Broken Hill.  Historic mining regions e.g., West Coast Tasmania, Herberton and Etheridge, Far NQ; Blinman, SA.  Economic Geology geosites e.g., gossans, alteration zones e.g., Broken Hill and Arkaroola.  Old mine site complexes combining mining, museums, ecological interpretation, history and culture e.g., Hill End, NSW, Illawara and Lithgow Coalfields, NSW.  All underpinned by RICH STORIES.
  12. 12. Key Issue for the Mining Industry National Geotourism Strategic Goal # 5  The acknowledgement of Aboriginal cultural heritage beyond the benefits offered through geotourism includes the need to ensure it is appropriately protected.  This will ensure the preservation of Aboriginal cultural heritage is equally as important as that of mining and other aspects of cultural landscapes, thus leading to improving the public perception of mining professionals and the industries in which they work.
  13. 13. Geotourism, & Mining Heritage Opportunities  Link through geotrail development, mining heritage into established tourism infrastructure and product offerings. e.g., Murchison GeoRegion & Kalgoorlie Boulder, WA.  Develop and promote tourist mines e.g., Blinman Mine, Flinders Ranges, SA.  Develop major national mining parks e.g., Hunter Valley, NSW; Central Highlands, Qld; and Latrobe Valley, Victoria.
  14. 14. Proposed Hunter Valley National Mining Park “A Vision Beyond Mine Site Rehabilitation - the largest national mining park in the world to be established to celebrate the significant role that mining has played for Australia’s development.” http://www.leisuresolutions.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/abstract_robinson-et-al_rev.docx • Native flora and fauna habitat conservation – all connected through corridors; • ‘Soft adventure’ recreation. • Coal mining heritage sites, geosites and geotrails. • Areas set aside for renewable energy generation (solar arrays, wind farms, biomass production) embracing light industrial sites and ‘value adding’ manufacturing. • Engagement with the six strategic hubs of the Strategic Aboriginal Culture and Enterprise Scheme of the Wonnarua Nation Aboriginal Corporation.
  15. 15. Bulga Coal leading the Way in the Hunter Valley  Bulga Coal Management Pty Ltd (a Glencore mine) has recently established the Wollombi Brook Conservation Agreement Area (WBCA) in collaboration with the Wonnarua peoples.  Facilities are being established for Aboriginal cultural interpretation and community recreation.  The WBCA is just one of a number of biodiversity and Aboriginal heritage, offset properties that can be made accessible to the community for recreation, managed under biodiversity, conservation and Aboriginal cultural heritage management plans.
  16. 16. Melding Geotourism & Mining Heritage – Overseas Examples  China has some 70 national mining parks, notably the Changyu Dongtian National Mineral Mountain Park.  A major tourism attraction in Taiwan – Jinguashi Gold Ecological Park.  Baia Mare Geological Mining Park, Romania.  Geological & Mining Park, Sardinia, Italy.  Various rehabilitated coal mining areas in Germany.  Black Country UNESCO Global Geopark in the United Kingdom.
  17. 17. Black Country UNESCO Global Geopark, UK Mining Heritage
  18. 18. Take-Aways  Goal 5 of the National Geotourism Strategy, where it is applied for mining activity, can be developed through collaboration amongst member professional societies and organisations researching mining industry heritage.  Aboriginal cultural elements and landscapes cut across widely accepted, post-settlement landforms and landmarks, and have values specific to various groups and individuals.  Geotourism can provide a framework for celebrating mining heritage in the life of mining operations and beyond, all for the benefit of mining communities.
  19. 19. CONTACT DETAILS Angus M Robinson FAusIMM (CP) • E: angus@leisuresolutions.com.au • Tel: 0418 488 340 • https://www.slideshare.net/leisuresolutions • http://www.leisuresolutions.com.au/index.php/geotourism-industry-groups/ • http://www.agc.org.au/geoscience-in-australia/geotourism/

In formulating a national strategy for geotourism development, the Australian Geoscience Council Inc (AGC) has consulted with both the Heritage Committee and the Society of Social and Environment (The Society) of The AusIMM to determine how best the development of geotourism throughout Australia can enhance the scope of regional development of mining areas during current mining activities and after mine closure. Geotourism adds considerable holistic content value to traditional nature-based tourism as well as cultural attributes (embracing both Aboriginal and post European settlement) having regard to mining aspects and can be delivered through mechanisms such as geotrails and geoparks within defined ‘GeoRegions’.

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