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Economic Significance of Geotourism and Geoparks in China: Dr Young Ng

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Second International Workshop on Geotourism and Geoparks, 14th May 2018, Perth, WA. This presentation has been edited to remove many of the photos to enable the presentation to be posted to SlideShare.

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Economic Significance of Geotourism and Geoparks in China: Dr Young Ng

  1. 1. Economic significance of geotourism and geoparks in China The Business of Geotourism and Geoparks - an International Workshop Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Kensington, Perth 14 May, 2018 Dr Young Ng MH Geotourism Standing Committee, Geological Society of Australia FACET 2018
  2. 2. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Outline 1. Background 2. Characteristics of Chinese geoparks 3. Economic implications of Chinese geotourism and geoparks 4. Challenges 5. Conclusions Courtesy: MLR
  3. 3. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 1. Background Geotourism ‘Tourism which focuses on an area's geology and landscape as the basis for providing visitor engagement, learning and enjoyment’ (GSA 2015). Geoparks ‘Single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development’ (GGN 2017). Geoparks are NOT World Heritage Sites
  4. 4. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Geotourism Geoparks Site/ Venue Site management Facilities Interpretation Tourist/Tour Revenue Business Jobs
  5. 5. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Growth of national geoparks in china 2000 2018 • Average 11 new national geoparks per year since the year 2000 207 11
  6. 6. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Geotourism potentials of china National Geopark: 207, 37 with global status (CGN 2018) National Mining Parks: 72 Geoparks and National Mining Parks museums: 279 Geoscience related museums (coal, energy, fossil etc): 75 Geotrails – >700 in geoparks & mining parks Source: CGN 2018 National Geoparks of China 2018
  7. 7. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Why there are so many geological attractions and geoparks in China? • Very rich geodiversity - geologically and geomorphologically diversified • Cultural reasons (history, philosophy, tradition, religion) • Economic reasons
  8. 8. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 2. Characteristics of Chinese Geoparks • Very strong federal and provincial government supports • Branding is important • Visitation – numbers, seasonal • Revenue – most geoparks are self-sustainable and profitable, ticket sale is an important stable source of income • Management & operation – geopark management composed of city and town government officials, >90% staff are local residents • Geological and landscape attraction, with strong cultural and historical elements • Objective: Sustainable economic development for local people > Conservation
  9. 9. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 3. Economic implications of Chinese geotourism and geoparks • Uneven wealth distribution, poverty, prevent social unrests Sustainable economic development (especially through geotourism) Conservation Education Chinese geotourism & geoparks
  10. 10. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Extreme poverty (Living on <USD 1.9 per day) • 1978: 250 million people • 2017: 43 million people (Concentrated Contiguous Destitute Areas CCDA: 680 counties) • 1978 – 2017 (39 years): reduce by >80% USD
  11. 11. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Geotourism & geoparks: Poverty alleviation • Geotourism and geoparks in China = poverty alleviation strategy • A national policy to eradicate poverty, especially in remote and poor provinces • To prevent social unrest by improving livelihood of local people through sustainable tourism development Poverty alleviation
  12. 12. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Economic significance • Increase the number of tourists • Encourage new businesses • Create new Jobs • Generate revenue
  13. 13. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Tourist number • Since 2000, 1.42 billion visitors (MLR 2017) • Continue to grow at 5 – 7% per year
  14. 14. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Revenue generation • Total tourism revenue CNY 596 billion (USD 90 billion) since 2000 (MLR 2017) • Each geopark in China generates an average of USD 440 million over a period of 17 years, or an average of USD 26 million per year.
  15. 15. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 4. Challenges • Too many tourists • Tourist misbehaviours • Over-development • Insufficient facilities • Management
  16. 16. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 5. Conclusions •Geotourism and geopark approach adopted in China is proven to be economically effective in improving the livelihood of people in poor and remote areas •Perfectly match with the national poverty alleviation strategies and policies + the recent ‘Belt & Road Initiative’ •Foreseeable improvement in the remote, poor areas particularly in Central, NW and SW regions of China •Increasing the values of existing geo-resources (geology, natural & cultural landscapes) •Opening up tremendous business, academic research and job opportunities for not only for but also for others •Will the Chinese geotourism and geopark experiences have any implications to the improvement of tourism to the national parks, protected areas, mining towns and outbacks of Australia?
  17. 17. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Clean water and green mountains are gold and silver mines Xi Jinping 2005, Zhejiang
  18. 18. @ All rights reserved/Young Ng 2018 Thank you! Dr Young Ng MH Geological Society of Australia Email: 2901792603@qq.com

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