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Australian-Chinese Partnership Creating New Geotourism Opportunities

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Joint Presentation by Dr Young Ng and Angus M Robinson about the opportunities offered by the recent execution of the Memorandum of Cooperation between the Geological Society of Australia and the Geological Society of China.

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Australian-Chinese Partnership Creating New Geotourism Opportunities

  1. 1. Australian-Chinese Partnership Creating New Geotourism Opportunities Young Ng and Angus M Robinson SEGRA 2016 27 October, 2016 All rights reserved: Young Ng and Angus M Robinson 2016
  2. 2. Outline • Background • Importance of China to Australia • Australia-China Relationship • The UNESCO Global Geopark Approach • Take Aways
  3. 3. Background • China has a population of 1.35 billion • Australia’s population is 1.7% (225 m) of China • It is the largest export market of Australian products (AUD30 billion in Jan 2014, increased by nearly 7 times since 1971) 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 1971 2014 (Jan) Australia's export to China (AUD in million) AUD in million 29,756 435 Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  4. 4. Australia’s Exports to China (% in total) 33% 28% 9% 5% 25% Manufactured goods & equip. (food, metal products, machinery & equip.) Iron ore, coal and gold Oil & gas Agricultural products (wheat & wool) Others Manufactured goods & equip. (food, metal products, machinery & equip.) Oil & gas Agricultural products Others Iron ore, coal and gold Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  5. 5. Australia’s Export Markets (% share) 27% 17% 7%6% 43% China Japan South Korea India EU+ others Japan EU & Others Largest Single Market: China Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014
  6. 6. Australia-China relationship • China is a huge export market for Australian products and services: mineral and energy resources, agricultural produces, tourism and education. • Australia has the advantage of geographical proximity over other competitors because of lower shipping cost, reliability and quality of supplies, and a shorter shipping time. • Maintaining a good Australia-China relationship is important to the long term benefits of Australia, the economic and political stability in the Asia-Pacific region.
  7. 7. Chinese Tourists • China is Australia’s fastest growing inbound tourism market and the largest contributor to international visitor spending in Australia (A$5 billion in 2013), predicted to rise to A$13 billion by 2020. • Overall satisfaction of Chinese tourists in Australia is generally high. • 77% cited nature-based attractions as the single best attraction of Australia. • Building friendly relationships provides long term benefits to Australia, creating a peaceful and harmonious political environment in the Asia Pacific. • Global Geoparks can be used as a means to maintain and improve these relationships through geotourism. Sources: Hurun Report, January 2013; Tourism Australia, January 2014
  8. 8. The Geopark Approach UNESCO Global Geoparks are single, unified geographical areas where sites and landscapes of international geological significance are managed with a holistic concept of protection, education and sustainable development.
  9. 9. UNESCO GLOBAL GEOPARKS Where are the geoparks? There are 120 UNESCO Global Geoparks spread across 33 countries and 5 continents. This includes 69 in Europe as part of the European Geoparks Network (founded in 2000) and 46 in the Asia-Pacific region as part of the Asia-Pacific Geoparks Network (founded in 2009). Geoparques Mundiais da UNESCO Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, Ciência e Cultura
  10. 10. Map - Distribution of Chinese geoparks with global status Global Geoparks of China 2016 33 Global Geoparks in China
  11. 11. Managing Geological Heritage in China • 33 Global Geoparks. • 45 World Heritage Sites, of which 10 are natural heritage sites, and nine of these are accredited because of their outstanding geology and landscapes. • Over 320 Provincial Geoparks, of which over 200 have already gained national status. • 72 National Mining Parks preserving the relics and geological features of mines.
  12. 12. Establishing Ties Amongst Parks • Can be in form of ‘sister parks’, field study and training centres, joint research projects, management staff or guide exchange programs. • ‘Sister Park’ relationship can be a holistic approach to implement these joint projects. Visited geoparks in Greece Indonesian delegation visited Chinese geopark
  13. 13. Asia Pacific Geotourism Conference 2013 Asia Pacific Geoparks Network Symposium 2013 Tianzhushan Global Geopark, Visit 2012
  14. 14. Tianzhushan Global Geopark, Anhui Province
  15. 15. Immersed in the landscape & geology – Tianzhushan Global Geopark
  16. 16. Immersed in the landscape & geology Tianzhushan Global Geopark
  17. 17. ‘Sisters’ of Chinese Geoparks 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Sister parks in China Sister parks out of China No. of parks (Sources: data provided by each geopark in July 2014) 10 famous Chinese global geoparks are selected for study
  18. 18. • Currently, there are 33 global parks in China. • Recent study – 10 global geoparks in China. Results: All geoparks have set a target of 5 overseas sister parks • 100% of the geoparks were looking for 2 or more overseas ‘sister parks’. • 70% of the geoparks were looking for 3 or more ‘sister parks’. • 50% of the geoparks were looking for 4 or more ‘sister parks’. • 20% of the geoparks were looking for 5 or more ‘sister parks’. No. of overseas ‘sister parks’ No. of Chinese geoparks In % 0 2 20% 1 3 30% 2 2 20% 3 3 30% Total number of geoparks under study: 10
  19. 19. Benefits and Challenges • Long term friendship and frequent exchanges of management, conservation and marketing experiences. • Free, regular promotion in China. • Challenges include cultural and language differences during communication and contacts, and a long-term commitment by both sides. Yandangshan Global Geopark, Zhejiang Leiqiong Global Geopark, Hainan & Guangdong
  20. 20. How to Get Connected? • Facilitation provided by the Geological Society of Australia through the auspices of the recently executed Memorandum of Cooperation. • Attending geopark conferences e.g. Global Geoparks Network, Asia Pacific Geoparks Network, and global geopark and geotourism conferences held in China. Hexigten Global Geopark, Inner Mongolia
  21. 21. Australia-China Memorandum of Cooperation The GSA and the Geological Society of China Executed June 2016 • The Australia-China relationship is becoming more important with the increasing level of economic, social and cultural activities in the coming decades. • The Memorandum of Cooperation will be focused on growing and enhancing best practice nature-based tourism (i.e. geotourism) in both countries. • Park Managers could play a significant role in establishing ‘sister’ relationships between parks, as a key driver of future geotourism.
  22. 22. Take Aways • The Australia-China relationship is becoming more and more important with the increasing levels of economic, social and cultural activities. • Better cultural relationships are important to the long term national benefits of both Australia and China as well as to the Asia Pacific region. • Regional Development agencies can strengthen such relationship through the geopark approach of establishing ‘sister’ relationship between tourism-focused regional areas in both countries. • Regional Australia needs to identify innovative mechanisms for creating tourism destinations.
  23. 23. Thank You! Contacts: Geotourism Standing Committee Geological Society of Australia Angus M Robinson angus@leisuresolution.com.au 0418 488 340 or Dr Young Ng young@rocks.org.hk All rights reserved: Young Ng and Angus M Robinson 2016

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