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A2010 slide share_geotourism


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Geotourism is a form of natural area tourism that can and should focus on geology and landscape. It promotes tourism to geosites and the conservation of geo-diversity and an understanding of earth sciences through appreciation and learning. This is achieved through independent visits to geological features, use of geo-trails and view points, guided tours, geo-activities and patronage of geosite visitor centres. The character of geotourism is such that it is geologically based and can occur in natural, rural or urban environments. It fosters geoheritage conservation through appropriate sustainability measures and it advances sound geological understanding through interpretation. Tourists, seeking to have the natural environment interpreted for them, can expect explanations of geology as well as flora and fauna, creating a more holistic view of ecosystems. Geotourism has great potential as a new niche ‘nature-based’ product, but will require the same disciplines that apply to other niche, ‘high value-added’ tourism activities. The incorporation of the geotourism experience with traditional nature-based tourism and elements of cultural tourism represents a further move towards the ‘experiential tourism’ model.

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A2010 slide share_geotourism

  1. 1. Geotourism Characteristics of ‘ExperientialGeotourism Characteristics of ‘Experiential Tourism’ and Enhancing Public Appreciation ofTourism’ and Enhancing Public Appreciation of Earth SciencesEarth Sciences Interpretation Australia National SymposiumInterpretation Australia National Symposium Friday 12Friday 12thth November, 2010November, 2010 Angus M RobinsonAngus M Robinson
  2. 2. Today’s AgendaToday’s Agenda  Landscapes and natural heritage  What do we mean by geotourismWhat do we mean by geotourism/experiential tourism  Who are the geotourists?  National Landscapes  Interpretation Techniques  Take Aways
  3. 3. Scenery and Geology - a 1938 MusingScenery and Geology - a 1938 Musing  SceneryScenery depends on landland structurestructure - in other words, its geologygeology..  Everyone interested in the countrysidecountryside, how it has taken shape, why it presents us with the varied beauties of mountain and woodland, river valleys and fertile meadows, is, if often unconsciously, appreciating its geology.geology. A.E. Trueman Professor of Geology, Glascow University
  4. 4. Some Geomorphic Highlights Kanawinka Geopark – Victoria and New South Wales
  5. 5. Volcanic Landscapes, Kanawinka Geopark, VictoriaVolcanic Landscapes, Kanawinka Geopark, Victoria
  6. 6. Warrambungles, New South WalesWarrambungles, New South Wales
  7. 7. ““Peeling Back the Layers”Peeling Back the Layers” ….of natural heritagenatural heritage through geotourism.geotourism.
  8. 8. Understanding Natural HeritageUnderstanding Natural Heritage Natural heritage is the legacy of natural objects and intangible attributes encompassing the countrysidecountryside and naturalnatural environmentenvironment, including flora and fauna, scientifically known as biodiversity, and geologygeology, landforms and soil landscapes, i.e.landforms and soil landscapes, i.e. geodiversitygeodiversity..
  9. 9. 9 Therefore they will have similar:  Geology  Topography  Vegetation  Soils  Geoheritage features A Soil Landscape is: a repeating pattern of soil and landforms resulting from a common geological/geomorphic history.
  10. 10. 10 Fluvial GeomorphologyFluvial Geomorphology River systems are an important part of landscapeRiver systems are an important part of landscape
  11. 11. Geotourism – Professor Tom Hose, UK (1995)Geotourism – Professor Tom Hose, UK (1995) The provision of interpretive and service facilities to enable tourists to acquire knowledge and understanding of the geologygeology and geomorphologyand geomorphology of a site (including its contribution to the development of the Earth Sciences) beyond the level of mere aestheticbeyond the level of mere aesthetic appreciationappreciation.
  12. 12. Geotourism – National Geographic Society & theGeotourism – National Geographic Society & the Travel Industry Association of America (1997)Travel Industry Association of America (1997)  Geotourism is "best practice" tourism that sustains, or even enhances, the geographical character of a placegeographical character of a place, such as its culture, environment, heritage, and the well-being of its residents.  Like ecotourism, geotourism promotes a virtuous circlegeotourism promotes a virtuous circle whereby tourism revenues provide a local incentive to protect what tourists are coming to see, but extends the principle beyond nature and ecology to incorporate allincorporate all characteristics that contribute to sense of placecharacteristics that contribute to sense of place.  Geotourism incorporates sustainability principles,sustainability principles, but in addition to the do-no-harm ethic, geotourism focuses on thegeotourism focuses on the place as a as a whole.
  13. 13. Geotourism CharacteristicsGeotourism Characteristics A Geologist’s PerspectiveA Geologist’s Perspective 1. Is geologically basedgeologically based  and can occur in either natural, rural or urban environments. 2. Fosters geoheritage conservationgeoheritage conservation through appropriate sustainability measures. 3. Advances sound geological understandinggeological understanding through interpretation and education. 4. Generates touristtourist or visitor satisfaction. Dowling, 2010
  14. 14. ‘‘Experiential’ Tourism –Experiential’ Tourism – A New Product PropositionA New Product Proposition  The global market is looking for unique productunique product experiencesexperiences and a broader mix of experiences.  The ‘geotourism’geotourism’ experience creates a more holisticmore holistic experienceexperience, and is a move towards the ‘experiential’ tourism model.  In short, ‘experiential’‘experiential’ tourists seek memorablememorable experiencesexperiences.
  15. 15. Geotourism incorporatingGeotourism incorporating all types of ‘placed-based’ tourismall types of ‘placed-based’ tourism Boley, B.B. after Thompson, S. 2009 Sightseeing Cuisine Agritourism Indigenous Tourism Heritage Tourism Cultural Tourism ECOTOURISM GeotourismGeotourism i.e. ‘experientiali.e. ‘experiential tourism’tourism’
  16. 16. Key Concepts – EcotourismKey Concepts – Ecotourism  According to Ecotourism Australia, ecotourism is ecologically sustainable tourismecologically sustainable tourism with a primary focus on experiencing natural areasexperiencing natural areas that fosters environmental and cultural understanding, appreciation and conservation.  Ecotourism Australia believes that the ultimate definition of ecotourism is compliance with thecompliance with the core criteria stated within the Eco CertificationEco Certification Program.Program.
  17. 17. Cultural Tourism Aspects of GeotourismCultural Tourism Aspects of Geotourism Visitor AttractionsVisitor Attractions  Museums or art galleries.  Theatre, concerts or performing arts.  Art/craft workshops/studios.  Festivals/fairs or cultural events.  Aboriginal art/craft and cultural displays.  Aboriginal site/community.  History/heritage buildings, sites or monuments. Hossain Heaney & Carter, 2005
  18. 18. Kanawinka Geopark - Art and CultureArt and Culture
  19. 19. Geotourism -The PlayersGeotourism -The Players GeotourismGeotourism GeomorphologistsGeomorphologists Local GovtLocal Govt Flora/FaunaFlora/Fauna InterestsInterests GeographersGeographers ‘‘Geologists’Geologists’ (Various types)(Various types) LandownersLandowners Geol Surveys/Geol Surveys/ Planning Agencies/Planning Agencies/ Park ManagersPark Managers Tour OperatorsTour Operators Govt TourismGovt Tourism AgenciesAgencies
  20. 20. Geotourism – Diversity of SitesGeotourism – Diversity of Sites GeotourismGeotourism IconsIcons (Inc National Landscapes)(Inc National Landscapes) Mine SitesMine Sites National Parks/Reserves/National Parks/Reserves/ Urban ParksUrban Parks Geo-trailsGeo-trails Geo-sitesGeo-sites Geoparks/Geoparks/ PaleoParksPaleoParks Caves/Karst AreasCaves/Karst Areas Landforms WHAsWHAs
  21. 21. Definition of Karst Karst is a distinctive landform formed on rocks that have a greater degree of solubility (e.g. limestone) than is commonly found. This process typically occurs over thousands or millions of years resulting in a variety of unusual surface and below ground features such as arches, gorges, sinkholes and caves. Cooleman Plains karst environments (Kosciuszko NP) Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCWCooleman Plains karst environments (Kosciuszko NP) Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW
  22. 22. Wellington Caves, NSWWellington Caves, NSW
  23. 23. Definition of Karst EnvironmentsDefinition of Karst Environments Integrated, yet dynamic, systems of landforms, life, energy, water, gases, soils and bedrock. Karst environments may contain significant geodiversity, biodiversity, aboriginal cultural heritage, historic cultural heritage, aesthetic, scientific and social values. Photos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW and S.Reilly/DECCW (middle imagePhotos copyright A. C. Baker/DECCW and S.Reilly/DECCW (middle image))
  24. 24. GSA GEOtouristsGSA GEOtourists FiveFive MostMost Important Travel PurposesImportant Travel Purposes 1.1. Increasing knowledgeIncreasing knowledge of geological sites and landforms. 2. To satisfy my curiosity.curiosity. 3. To have a memorable experiencememorable experience. 4. To obtain intellectual stimulationintellectual stimulation. 5. Visiting destinations offering a uniqueunique bundlebundle of features and attractions (i.e. ecology, geology, culture and history).
  25. 25. Branding ‘Iconic’ Geotourism –Branding ‘Iconic’ Geotourism – Ensuring a Memorable Experience!Ensuring a Memorable Experience!
  26. 26. Scenic Rim –Scenic Rim – Green CauldronGreen Cauldron National LandscapeNational Landscape
  27. 27. ‘‘Green Cauldron’ National LandscapeGreen Cauldron’ National Landscape The ‘Scenic Rim’ RegionThe ‘Scenic Rim’ Region
  28. 28. Two Geotour Leaders –Two Geotour Leaders – Different Interpretation TechniquesDifferent Interpretation Techniques Dr John JacksonDr John Jackson ‘‘The RockThe Rock Doctor’Doctor’ Bob BrownBob Brown Bob & Nancy Geological Tour SiteBob & Nancy Geological Tour Site
  29. 29. ‘‘Gondwana Coast’ – Fossils WalksGondwana Coast’ – Fossils Walks Ulladulla, NSWUlladulla, NSW
  30. 30. Kanawinka Geopark - Education
  31. 31. Take-AwaysTake-Aways 1. Geotourism is ‘best practice’ tourism that sustains, or even enhances, the geographical character of a place and the well-being of its residents, as well as interpreting its landscapes and its geology. 2. Geology and landscapes can be readily interpreted by professionally trained guides if innovative and effective communication techniques are employed.
  32. 32. Take-AwaysTake-Aways 3. Geotourism can also assist in re-educating society and environment/science teachers in pleasant (non-classroom) environments. 4. Courses in geotourism can provide school and university teachers in the physical sciences/environmental sciences with alternative career paths.
  33. 33. Contact DetailsContact Details