Shaping a new nation

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chapter 5.1

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Shaping a new nation

  1. 1. Shaping A New Nation From Confederation to Constitution
  2. 2. Colonies Become States  Each colony had – governor, council, colonial assembly = own form of government  Distinct self-governing  Allegiance to colony 1st America 2nd  FEAR of strong central govt. = England
  3. 3. Republicanism  Feared Democracy (why?) Republic – (define) John Dickinson’s view Virtuous People Good of Nation over self (True today?)
  4. 4. Republicanism  Adam Smith Philosopher & Economist “Greed is good” Republic benefits from self interest (True?)
  5. 5. State Constitutions Each state created their own, but adopted many similar ideas • Limit power of govt. leaders • Guarantee specific rights to citizens - Freedom of Speech - Freedom of Religion - Freedom of Press Focus on Liberty over Equality (explain)
  6. 6. Right to Vote Limited democracy African Americans – generally could not vote Maryland and others – property ownership requirement New Jersey – voting rights to all free property owners (Women – ended – 1807)
  7. 7. Massachusetts What did the U.S. “borrow” from the Massachusetts Constitution? http://www.mass.gov/legis/const.htm
  8. 8. History of Republics Greece Rome Italy (Florence, Venice, Pisa, Genoa) Swiss - Reformation England – Oliver Cromwell What’s the significance?
  9. 9. Continental Congress 3 Major Questions •Representation? •Power? •Western Land?
  10. 10. Representation? State or population Size, wealth, population varied greatly Since the colonial view ruled – 1 vote per state
  11. 11. Balance of Power Articles of Confederation 2 levels – states & federal – each had powers over the other National – declare war, make peace, sign treaties, borrow money, set standards for coins, weights & measures, postal service, & native relations NO executive department, no national court system
  12. 12. Western Lands 1779 – 12 states happy – Maryland blocked passage – western lands Some states had claim to western land while others didn’t = unfair advantage solution – national govt. assume control passed march 1781
  13. 13. Governing the Western Lands Land Ordinance of 1785 Plan for surveying the land Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Dividing land into territories & set plan for becoming a state
  14. 14. The Confederation Fails  Political & Economic Problems?  Borrowers Versus Lenders?  Foreign-Relations?

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