Indian Removal Act of 1830
1830 – Choctaw – Miss. (treaty)
1833 - Sauk & Fox – Ill. & Mich. (Forced)
1832 – Chickasaw – Ala. & Miss. (Forced)
1832 – Cherokee say “No” – lawsuit?
"It will seperate the indians from immediate contact with
settlements of whites; enable them to pusue happiness in their own
way and under their own rude institutions; will retard the progress
of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them
gradually, under the protection of the government and through the
influences of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and
become an interesting, civilized, and christian community." –
Worcester v Georgia?
1832 (offered $5M)
Worcester – Why
John Marshall vs.
Mr. Marshall has made his
decision. Now let him enforce it.
Van Buren’s Inaugural Address
"I must go into the Presidential chair the
inflexible and uncompromising opponent
of every attempt on the part of Congress
to abolish slavery i n the District of
Columbia against the wishes of the
slaveholding States, and also with a
determination equally decided to resist the
slightest interference with it in the States
where it exists."
Panic of 1837
Pet banks became Wild Cats
In late 1836 – Jackson would only accept
specie (gold & silver)
By 1837 – banks stopped accepting paper
money (1/3 people unemployed)
Martin Van Buren Clip
Van Buren’s Reactions
1) Decrease Federal Spending….
Result – even lower prices
(Take notes Obama)
2) Set up Independent Treasury…
Result – caused short term panic
(gold & silver only)
3) Independent Treasury w/ paper $...
Success but too late
1838 Texas applies to be
annexed by the
Trail of Tears
1 out of 4 died on the journey