Aims of Lesson:
- To examine the characteristics of
modernism and postmodernism.
- To analyse a postmodern music video.
- Art / social-political movement that aimed to reinvent culture that
had become outdated.
- Roughly occurred between 1890s - 1960s.
- A rejection against realism.
- Divisions of modernism include avant-garde and surrealism.
- Films / novels / art were self-reflexive of society.
- 1970s onwards
- The breakdown of barriers between genres and style
- The breakdown of distinction between binary divides
(E.g. human and machine)
- Mixing up time, space and narrative
- Emphasis of style over content
- Blurring of fiction and reality / representation and the real
- Becoming more use to a mediated version of reality, than reality
Intertextuality - one media text referring to another
Parody - mocking something in an original way
1970s / 1980s cop series
Sabotage music video
- The Simpsons parodies both high and low culture to a wide range of
- Part of the idea of postmodernism is that there is no divide between high
art and mass culture.
Pastiche - An artistic work in a style that imitates that of another
work, artist, or period. This is a self-conscious imitation.
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Material Girl
Ashanti Foolish music
Bricolage - mixing up and using different genres and styles
Shaun of the
Blade Runner: Sci-Fi and film noir
DJ Shadow’s Entroducing:
The first album to be completely
made up of sampled music.
Homage - imitation from a respectful standpoint
Psycho - the 1960 original
Psycho - the 1998 remake
Analysis of Postmodern Music
Directed by Jonas Akerlund
• Generic conventions of
a ‘golden age’ Hollywood
film of which ‘Gaga’ is the
Sunset Boulevard (1950)
Narrative and stylistic similarities and intertextual references
Intertextuality and the blurring of
The breakdown of distinction between binary divides.
Lady Gaga as an humanoid
Fembot, Metropolis (RIGHT)