Child Maltreatment Arkansas Commission on Child Abuse, Rape and Domestic Violence
Act 1236 of 2011Requires schools to provide training to licensed personnel including: Recognizing Signs of maltreatment Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act Duties of mandated reporters Methods for Managing Disclosures Connecting victims to services
Type of Maltreatment by Agehttp://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/3d/b8/3a.pdf
PHYSICAL ABUSE Recognizing Physical SignsWhat questions can you ask yourself before you question a child about a suspected injury?
Recognizing Signs of Physical Abuse PHYSICAL: BEHAVIORAL: Bruises or welts in Becomes frightened unusual places or in when other children patterns cry Bruises in various Says the parents stages of healing deserve to be hurt Explanation of injury differs from parent Is afraid of certain explanation people
Using the Warning Signs of Neglect You can use the warning signs & the questions below to help determine if a report needs to be made – How many warning signs do you see? – Are the warning signs regular or frequent? – Could the student’s physical health be seriously endangered? 6
PHYSICAL ABUSE • Document • Red flag • Develop rapport Recognizing Behavioral Signs Child wants something bad to happen to parent/adult Are Behavioral Signs Reportable?
NEGLECT Recognizing Physical/Behavioral Indicators What proportion of calls are due to neglect?
Recognizing Indicators of Neglect PHYSICAL: BEHAVIORAL: Underweight Begs or steals food Always hungry Arrives early & Not clean leaves late Inappropriately Frequent, dressed unexplained Denied medical or absences dental care Overtired or listless
Recognizing Signs of Sexual Abuse PHYSICAL: BEHAVIORAL Difficulty walking or Acts withdrawn or sitting younger than age. Wearing torn, Displays sexual stained or bloody behavior underwear Tells you that she Injury to or has secrets that she discharge from cannot tell. genitals Tries to hurt himself Pain during urination
Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act When making a report you must have: – An allegation that if true would meet a legal definition of child abuse. – Enough information to locate the family By Phone: 1.800.482.5964 By Fax*: 1.501.618.8952 * Must use Arkansas State Police official “Mandated Reporter’s Form” May only be reported by fax if it is non-emergency.
SUSPECTED CHILD ABUSE REPORT To Be Completed by Mandated Child Abuse Reporters Please Print or Type And Fax to; 1-501-618-8952 * INDICATES MANDATORY FIELDS *Note That this form is to be used for non-emergency use only *Name of Reporter Title Reporters AddressReporting party Street City ZIP *Phone Number *Date of Report *Did Mandated Reporter witness the incident? YES NO Name (last, first, middle) DOB or Approx age SexVictim Information Address Street City ZIP Phone ( ) *Present location of the victim School or Daycare Relationship to alleged Offender Child in Foster Care? http://www.arkansas.gov/reportARchildabuse/pdf/ YES NO suspected_child_abuse_report.pdf Name (Last, first, middle) DOB or Approx age Sex#2 VIC
PG 3 PG 2 Role in Referral Address Age/DOB DEMOGRAPHIC ROLES: A/V = Alleged Victim A/O = Alleged Offender PFRC = Person Responsible for Care (of the victim child) #5 Name Race Sex Sibling = Sibling to the victim child Other Person = A person living in the home With the victim child not already mentioned Role in Referral Address Age/DOB#1 Name Race SexRole in Referral Address Age/DOB Date/time of incident Place of incident Narrative- Please include the following: What Happened; Who Did#2 Name Race Sex It?; Does the child have injuries now? When was the child last seen and by whom? ; Safety Concerns; Any Drug Use? Where is child now?Role In Referral Address Age/DOB Incident Information#3 Name Race SexRole in Referral Address Age/DOB#4 Name Race Sex
Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act No school, Head Start Program, or day care facility shall prohibit, require permission, or require notification of any person before any employee or volunteer directly reports child maltreatment to the Hotline.
Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act Investigators have the right to enter school campus to interview students for child maltreatment investigations.
Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act Investigators have the right to prohibit schools from notifying parents if a student is interviewed at school as part of an investigation if the parent or guardian is listed as an alleged offender.
Requirements of the Child Maltreatment Act The Child Maltreatment Act lists the professions of those legally required to report suspected abuse. Each school has many individuals who are mandated by law to report directly to the Hotline.
Mandated Reporters in Schools Counselors Nurses Teachers School Officials School Resource Officers 19 19
Duties of Mandated Reporters Mandated Reporters shall “immediately report” suspected child maltreatment to the Hotline when they have “reasonable cause to suspect” that a child has been abused. Telling the counselor, principal or other professional DOES NOT meet your legal requirement.
Child Maltreatment Act Protects Mandated Reporters who report in good faith from criminal and civil liabilities. The Act establishes criminal penalties for Mandated Reporters who fail to report, including jail time and fines. The Act also establishes civil penalties including & loss of professional licensure, and monetary judgments.
Managing Disclosures Develop trust Allow the child to be heard Meet with the child separately Remember that you may be the only adult who has the chance to understand the child
Managing Disclosures DO consider your response before you are in a real situation. DO pay attention to your body language. DO know the reporting law.
Managing Disclosures DO let the child know that it was brave to share something (no matter how minimal) about a difficult subject. DO document the actual words. DO call the Child Abuse Hotline or submit the fax form if it is not an emergency.
Managing Disclosures DON’T try to conduct the investigation yourself. DON’T act shocked, horrified, scared, etc. DON’T share this information with others. DON’T try to talk a child out of what he/she is saying.
Managing Disclosures DON’T suggest to a child the he/she may have been abused. DON’T attempt to find out the details from the parent. DON’T stand over the child while he/she talks to you.