P1 How to speak chinese in 10 hours -S01-S76 basic abc

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P1 How to speak chinese in 10 hours -S01-S76 basic abc

  1. 1. Part 1 Basic Chinese ABC
  2. 2. Part 1 Basic Chinese ABC
  3. 3. What’s the callings for Chinese or Mandarin? Putong Hua Han Yu Hua Yu Zhong Wen Presented by LegooMandarin.com 3
  4. 4.  Chinese is a pictorial language: 人 Rén People Presented by LegooMandarin.com 4
  5. 5.  It’s an abstract art 行 Xíng walk; travel: Presented by LegooMandarin.com 5
  6. 6.  No alphabet but have Component Part (Radicals) 字 zì is made of by 宀 roof & 子zi Presented by LegooMandarin.com son 6
  7. 7.   There are around 204 radicals, but the most 20 common radicals account 51% of Chinese Characters. www.legoomandarin.com See free blogs for more details. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 7
  8. 8.  Chinese Characters-汉字Hànzì are made by strokes, which will follow it order and directions. 字 zì Chinese Character Presented by LegooMandarin.com 8
  9. 9.   Three Attributes – SMS Shape Meaning Sound Shape Meaning Sound 字 Words zì Presented by LegooMandarin.com 9
  10. 10.   One SOUND Related many CHARACTERS One character can have many meanings 大 da 达 打 答 搭 Dà 1 (形) big; large; great 2 (形) heavy; strong: 3 (形) loud: 4 (形) of age: 5 (形) eldest: 6 (形) main; major; general: 7 (形) of size: 8 (形) [ used to give force to a time word or expression]: 9 (副) greatly; fully; in a big way; on a large scale: 10 [used after 不 to indicate low degree or frequency] Dá 。。。 Dǎ 25 meanings!!!! Dá 。。 Dā Presented by LegooMandarin.com 。。。 10
  11. 11.  A single Character may have many meanings. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 11
  12. 12. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 12
  13. 13.     Characters ( mostly two, some one, some 3 or 4) form a Phrase, which meaning is more clear. Phrase is similar to WORD in English. For beginner, try to remember the Phrase. If can, try to look at the汉字Hànzì , which still contains information. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 13
  14. 14. Pinyin is made of initials (consonants) and finals (vowels): The initials (consonants): •b •d •g •j • zh •z p t k q ch c m n h x sh s f l r Presented by LegooMandarin.com 14
  15. 15.  Finals (vowels): (simple form): a i  ai  an  ang o u ei en eng e ü ao in ing ou ong Presented by LegooMandarin.com 15
  16. 16.  Combined 21 Initials and 39 Finals, & Four Tones Presented by LegooMandarin.com 16
  17. 17.  Different Tone may have different meaning: 妈 麻 马 骂 Mā Mom Má Flax Mǎ Horse Mà Scold Presented by LegooMandarin.com 17
  18. 18.  Different Tone may have different meaning: 温 闻 吻 问 Wēn Warm Wén Smell Wěn Kiss Wèn Ask Presented by LegooMandarin.com 18
  19. 19.  Different Tone may have different meaning: 方 房 访 放 Fāng Square Fáng House Fǎng Visit Fàng Put Presented by LegooMandarin.com 19
  20. 20.  Different Tone may have different meaning: 七 骑 起 气 Qī Seven Qí Ride Qǐ Rise up Qì Angry Presented by LegooMandarin.com 20
  21. 21. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 21
  22. 22. Final a o b ba p e er ai ei bo bai bei pa po pai pei m ma mo mai mei f fa fo d da de dai t ta te tai n na ne nai nei l la le lai lei g ga ge gai gei k ka ke kai kei h ha he hai hei Initial me fei Presented by LegooMandarin.com dei 22
  23. 23.   Chinese sentence order is subject-verb-object like English the adjective is put in front of a noun. 我 吃 饭。 Wǒ I fàn rice (meal). chī eat 我 吃 白 饭。 Wǒ I chī eat bái white fàn rice. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 23
  24. 24. WHO Subject I DO Verb drink WHAT. Object tea. 我 喝 茶。 Wǒ hē chá Presented by LegooMandarin.com 24
  25. 25. WHO Subject I 我 WHENWHERE DO WHAT. Time Location Verb Object today at home drink tea. 今天 在 家 喝 茶。 wǒ jīn tiān zài I drink tea at home today jiā hē Presented by LegooMandarin.com chá 25
  26. 26. SOMEWHERE car above HAS has SOMETHING. people. 车上 有 人 chē shang yǒu rén There is people on the car. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 26
  27. 27. Or HAVE SOMETHING Has People AT at 有 在 车上。 yǒu 人 rén zài SOMEWHERE car above chē shang . There is people on the car. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 27
  28. 28.    The grammar is very simple and straight forward. Most notably, Chinese grammar does not have conjugation, tenses, gender, plurals or other grammatical rules in other major languages such as English, French or Arabic. The tense are expressed with adverbs or tense indicators: Presented by LegooMandarin.com 28
  29. 29. I cook meal. Wǒ zuò 我 做 饭。 fàn. I am cooking meal. 我 在 做 饭。 Wǒ I zài zuò cook fàn rice. 在zài or (正在Zhèngzài) is placed infront of a verb to indicate an action is in progress. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 29
  30. 30. 我 做 了 饭。 Wǒ I   zuò le fàn. cook (ed) rice. (Lit) Literature (Lit) is direct translation. Or you call it BET –Broken English Translation “了le” is used after a verb or adjective to indicate completion of work or change Presented by LegooMandarin.com 30
  31. 31. I cooked rice aleady. I already cook (ed) 我 已经 Wǒ yǐ jīng 做 了饭 zuò le rice. (lit) fàn. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 31
  32. 32. The plurals are also expressed by adding characters as indicators if need. We/us Wǒmen You (pl) Nǐmen They/them Tāmen 我们 你们 他们 们men is used after a personal noun or a noun to show plural number Presented by LegooMandarin.com 32
  33. 33. My Wǒ de Your(s) Nǐ de His/her(s) Tā de/tā de Our(s) Wǒmen de Your(s) Nǐmen de Their(s) Tāmen de David’s Dà wèi de 我的 你的 他的/她的 我们的 你们的 他们的 大卫的 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 33
  34. 34. 1 Yī 2 Èr 3 Sān 4 Sì 5 Wǔ 6 Liù 7 Qī 8 Bā 9 Jiǔ 10 Shí 0 Líng 一 二 三 四 五 六 七 八 九 十 零 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 34
  35. 35. My air ticket Wǒ de jīpiào Your child Nǐ de háizi My house Wǒ de jiā Your car Nǐ de jū Your dad Nǐ bàba My younger brother Wǒ dìdì 我的机票 你的孩子 我的家 你的车 你爸爸 我弟弟 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 35
  36. 36. 11 Shí yī 12 Shí èr 20 Èr shí 21 Èr shí yī 30 Sān shí 90 Jiǔ shí 99 Jiǔ shí jiǔ 十一 十二 二十 二十一 三十 九十 九十九 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 36
  37. 37. 100 Yī bǎi 101 Yī bǎi líng yī 110 Yī bǎi yī shí 111 Yī bǎi yī shí yī 120 Yī bǎi èr shí 199 Yī bǎi jiǔ shí jiǔ 200 Èr bǎi 300 Sān bǎi 一百 一百零一 一百一十 一百一十一 一百二十 一百九十九 二百 三百 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 37
  38. 38. 1000 Qiān 1000 Yī qiān 9999 10,000 Jiǔ qiān jiǔ bǎi jiǔ shí jiǔ Wàn 10,000 Yī wàn Million Bǎi wàn Ten million Qiān wàn A hundred of million One billion Yì 亿 Shí yì 十亿 千 一千 九千九百九十九 万 一万 百万 千万 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 38
  39. 39. [ prefix for ordinal numbers] Dì 第 The first Dì yī 第一 The second Dì èr The Third Dì sān ... … 第二 第三 Presented by LegooMandarin.com … 39
  40. 40. January Yī yuè February Èr yuè March Sān yuè April Sì yuè May Wǔ yuè June Liù yuè July Qī yuè August Bā yuè September Jiǔ yuè October Shíyuè November Shí yī yuè December Shí èr yuè 一月 二月 三月 四月 五月 六月 七月 八月 九月 十月 十一月 十二月 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 1st Month 2nd Month 3rd Month …… 40
  41. 41. Week Xīng qí Monday Xīng qí yī Tuesday Xīng qí èr Wednesday Xīng qí sān Thursday Xīng qí sì Friday Xīng qí wǔ Saturday Xīng qí liù Sunday Xīng qí rì Sunday Xīng qí tiān 星期 星期一 星期二 星期三 星期四 星期五 星期六 星期日 星期天 Week day one Week day two Week day three Week day four Week day five Week day six Week day sun Week day (day) Presented by LegooMandarin.com 41
  42. 42. Year: Month; Yuè Date Rì Date Hào Day 年 月 日 号 天 Nián Tiān 2013 年 7 月 23 日 2013 Nián 7 yuè From BIG to SMALL! 23 rì Presented by LegooMandarin.com 42
  43. 43. The year before last Qián nián Last year. Qù nián This year Jīn nián Next year Míng nián Year after Hòu nián 前年 去年 今年 明年 后年 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 43
  44. 44. The day before yesterday Qián tiān 前天 Yesterday Zuó tiān Today: Jīn tiān Tomorrow. Míng tiān Day after tomorrow Hòu tiān 昨天 今天 明天 后天 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 44
  45. 45. Morning Zǎo chen Early morning Zǎo shang Forenoon; morning Shàng wǔ Noon; midday Zhōng wǔ Afternoon Xià wǔ Eveving; night : Wǎn shàng Night Yè wǎn Night Hēi yè 早晨 早上 上午 中午 下午 晚上 夜晚 黑夜 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 45
  46. 46. Before; formerly; previously: Yǐ qián 以前 Now; today; at present Xiàn zài 现在 After; afterwards; later; Yǐ hòu hereafter: 以后 Last time Shàng cì Next time Xià cì 上次 下次 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 46
  47. 47. Hour Xiǎo shí One Hour Yī gè xiǎo shí two hours Liǎng gè xiǎo shí O'Clock Diǎn (zhōng) One o'Clock Yī diǎn zhōng Two o'clock Liǎng diǎn zhōng 小时 一个小时 两个小时 点 (钟) 一点钟 两点钟 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 47
  48. 48. Minute Fēn (zhōng) One minute Yī fēn (zhōng) 分 (钟) 一分 (钟) 5:10 Wǔ diǎn shí fēn 五点十分 10 Pass Five Wǔ diǎn guò shí fēn 五点过十分 10 Minutes to Five Chà shí fēn wǔ diǎn 差十分五点 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 48
  49. 49. This Zhè That Nà This one Zhège That one Nàgè These Zhèxiē Those Nàxiē Presented by LegooMandarin.com 这 那 这个 那个 这些 那些 49
  50. 50. Who: Shuí Whose Shuí de What Shén me When Shén me shí hou 谁 谁的 什么 什么时候 What time Shén me shí jiān 什么时间 Why; Why (or how) is it Wèi shé me that Zěn yàng How What is to be done? Zěn me bàn Presented by LegooMandarin.com 为什么 怎样 怎么办 50
  51. 51. Which; what Nǎ Where Nǎ lǐ Where Nǎ er Which one Nǎ ge rén Which day Nǎ tiān Which year Nǎ nián Which month Nǎ ge yuè How many; how much: Duō shǎo 哪 哪里 哪儿 哪个人 哪天 哪年 哪个月 多少 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 51
  52. 52. Do you have? Yǒu méi yǒu 有没有 Yes or no? Isn't it? Shì bù shì 是不是 Can or can not? Can …? Néng bù néng 能不能 Can or can not? Can …? Kě yǐ bù kě yǐ 可以不可以 Do …? (indicator of question) ... ... Ma? ... ...吗? Presented by LegooMandarin.com 52
  53. 53. East: Dōng West Xi South Nán North: Běi Centre; middle: Zhōng 东 西 南 北 中 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 53
  54. 54. Southeast Dōng nán Northeast Dōng běi Southwest Xī nán Northwest Xī běi 东南 东北 西南 西北 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 54
  55. 55. Upper; upward; up Shàng Down; under; below: Xià The left; the left side Zuǒ The right side; the right Yòu 上 下 左 右 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 55
  56. 56. Front: Qián Behind; at the back: Hòu In; inside; Lǐ Outside : Wài 前 后 里 外 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 56
  57. 57. “to Be” “是shi ”, which is universal for : is, am, are, was, were. Eg. I’m a doctor. 我是 wǒ I shì am 医生。 yī shēng doctor. (Lit:) Presented by LegooMandarin.com 57
  58. 58. But the verb “是shi” is only followed by a noun. I’m thirsty. 我 渴 了。 (Lit:) I wǒ kě thirsty. Or 我 很 渴。 wǒ I le . hěn kě very thirsty. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 58
  59. 59. (Lit:) I very happy 我 很 高兴。 wǒ hěn gāo xìng Presented by LegooMandarin.com 59
  60. 60. Are you hungry? (Lit): You hungry 你饿 Nǐ è (indicator of question) 吗? ma? (Lit) hungry Yes. 饿 è Presented by LegooMandarin.com 60
  61. 61. (Lit) No. Not hungry 不饿 Bú è Presented by LegooMandarin.com 61
  62. 62. Are you leaving tomorrow? (Lit) You tomorrow walk; leave (indicator of question) 你明 天 走 Nǐ míng tiān zǒu 吗? ma? Presented by LegooMandarin.com 62
  63. 63. Yes, I am. (Lit) Correct, tomorrow walk; leave Duì, míngtiān zǒu. 对, Or (Lit) Yes, 是, Shì, 明天 走。 tomorrow walk; leave míngtiān zǒu. 明天 走。 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 63
  64. 64. No, I’m not. (Lit) No 不, Bù, tomorrow not leave 明天 不 走。 míng tiān bù zǒu. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 64
  65. 65. Are you British? 你是 英国 人 Nǐ shì You are yīng guó rén UK people 吗? ma? (indicator of question)? Yes, I am British. 是 我 是 英 国 人。 Shì, wǒ shì (Lit) Yes, I am yīng guó UK rén. people. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 65
  66. 66. No, I am French 不是,我 是 法国 人。 Bùshì, (Lit) No, wǒ I shì am fàguó France Presented by LegooMandarin.com rén. people. 66
  67. 67. Are you free today? (Lit) You today have free time ? yǒu ma? 你 今天 有 空 吗? Nǐ jīn tiān kòng Presented by LegooMandarin.com 67
  68. 68. Yes, I have. (Lit) Have, I today have free time jīn tiān yǒu 有 我 今天 Yǒu, wǒ 有 空。 Presented by LegooMandarin.com kòng 68
  69. 69. No, I don’t have (Lit) No have I today no have free time Méi yǒu, wǒ jīn tiān méi kōng. 没有, 我 今天 没 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 空。 69
  70. 70. or you can just say 有 Yǒu have; or 没有 Méiyǒu don’t have to answer the 有 Yǒu or type of questions. 没有 Méiyǒu Presented by LegooMandarin.com 70
  71. 71. A Tip: Most oral Chinese sentences are not full sentence according to English grammar. Chinese sentences are short (or concise) and straight forward. Chinese is the simplest language!!! Presented by LegooMandarin.com 71
  72. 72. Do you have any things to do today? (Lit) You today have matter yǒu shì 你 今天 有 事 Nǐ jīn tiān (indicator of question)? 吗? ma? Or just say: 没 méi no, don’t have Presented by LegooMandarin.com 72
  73. 73. Do you have coffee? (Lit) Have coffee (indicator of question)? 有 咖啡 吗? Yǒu kā fēi ma? Presented by LegooMandarin.com 73
  74. 74. Yes, I have. 有 (Lit) Yǒu have No, I don’t have. 没 有 (Lit) méi no yǒu have. Presented by LegooMandarin.com 74
  75. 75. Do you want some tea? (Lit) Want tea (indicator of question)? Yào ma? 要 茶 吗? chá Presented by LegooMandarin.com 75
  76. 76. Yes 要 (Lit) Yào Want No, I don’t want (Lit) No want Bú yào. 不 要 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 76
  77. 77.  Let’s begin to tally how many sentences can you speak: 1. Hello Lit: You good Nǐ hǎo 你 好! Presented by LegooMandarin.com 77
  78. 78. 2 Thank you 谢 谢 Xiè xie 3 You're welcome Lit No polite Bú kè qì 不 客气 Presented by LegooMandarin.com 78
  79. 79. 客 Kè visitor; guest  客气 Kè qì polite; courteous:  客人 Kè rén visitor; guest  不客气 Bú kè qì (in reply to one's thanks) you're welcome; don't mention it; not at all Presented by LegooMandarin.com 79
  80. 80. 4 I am sorry 对不起 Duì bù qǐ 5 Never mind 没 关系 Méi guān xì Presented by LegooMandarin.com 80
  81. 81. 6 Goodbye Lit Again see 再 见 Zài 7 jiàn 见 See you tomorrow Tomorrow see 明天 见 Míng tiān 1 see; catch sight of: 2 meet with; be exposed to: jiàn Presented by LegooMandarin.com 81
  82. 82. 9 How are you? Lit: You good ? Nǐ hǎo used at the end of a declarative sentence to transform it into a question. ma? 你 好 吗? 吗 呢 9 used at the end of an interrogative sentence. I'm fine, thank you, How about you? Lit: I very good. Wǒ hěn hǎo, 我 很 好, Thanks. You ? 谢谢,你 呢? xiè xiè, Presented by LegooMandarin.com nǐ ne? 82
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