Pre industrial sports

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Pre industrial sports

  1. 1. Pre-industrial sports Sport society BND Sport Yr2
  2. 2. Aim: <ul><li>To define ‘pre-industrial period’ </li></ul><ul><li>To explore what living and sports were like during this time. </li></ul><ul><li>To complete a time line </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pre-industrial period: <ul><li>Mainly before 1780 </li></ul><ul><li>It includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle age – 1066 - 1485 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tudor and Stuart periods – 1485 - 1714 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hanoverian period – 1714 – 1790 </li></ul></ul>Task: in small groups think of something you know about each period
  4. 4. Mediaeval age – 1066 - 1485 <ul><li>Most of the population of Britain lived in rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Sport did not cross class barriers in terms of participation and spectating. </li></ul><ul><li>Society was split into 3 specific groups </li></ul>Task: list the 3 groups, discuss their role in society
  5. 5. Society was split into 3 specific groups <ul><li>The nobility (landlords, wealthy) </li></ul><ul><li>The bourgeoisie (merchants, doctors) </li></ul><ul><li>The peasants (slaves, servants) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sports were played for 2 reasons <ul><li>For functional reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>To prepare men to defend their country. </li></ul><ul><li>Archery and hunting for the nobility </li></ul><ul><li>2. For cultural reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity became more widespread </li></ul><ul><li>Pagan festivals replaced by ‘holy days’ </li></ul><ul><li>Holidays included Easter, Shrove Tuesday and Ash Wednesday </li></ul><ul><li>These would involve sport – folk football, wrestling, skittles and bowls. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tudor and Stuart periods – 1485 - 1714 <ul><li>This period also known as ‘Renaissance’ </li></ul><ul><li>London the only recognised city </li></ul><ul><li>10 % of people lived in town </li></ul><ul><li>Main source of income still farming </li></ul><ul><li>Society becoming more commercial </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sport to maintain distance between social groups:
  9. 9. Sports by classes - Upper class: <ul><li>Hunting on private land </li></ul><ul><li>E.g red deer, boar, hares </li></ul><ul><li>Sports used to prepare men for war </li></ul><ul><li>Sharpening of their combat’s skills </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sports by classes – the peasants <ul><li>Role of servicing the sports of the upper classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Also had own activities such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mob football </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baiting animals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High level of violence </li></ul><ul><li>To channel their energies </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hanoverian period – 1714 - 1790 <ul><li>Changes in the way people earned their living </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in farming </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in consumer goods </li></ul><ul><li>Factories were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offering better wages and... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promising a better standard of living </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hence people start to move to cities </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sports is about to change <ul><li>Next week … </li></ul><ul><li>… industrial revolution and sport </li></ul>

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