Walnut Hill School for the Arts
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
Seattle Girls’ School
Stretching the Inclusive Boundaries:
Culturall...
About Seattle Girls’ School
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Goals
 Gain a basic understanding of
cultural competency
 Understand how various dimensions
of identity feed into cultur...
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Dimensions of Identity and Culture
This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Forema...
Revisiting Up-Downs
How did it feel to stand and
claim your identities and
experiences? To be
applauded for them? To
appla...
 Identity Frames
 Intractability
 Co-Authorship of Identity
Identity Development and Schools
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (htt...
 What is it?
 How is it Different from Intercultural
Communication?
 CCC Theories
– Face-Negotiation Theory
– Conversat...
Individual - Collectivistic
Low Context - High Context
Task - Relationship
Low Uncertainty - High Uncertainty
Vertical - H...
 Personality Orientation
 Individual Values
- Allocentric
- Idiocentric
 Self Construal
- Independent
- Interdependent
...
Discussion: My Style
In hearing about
communication
differences, what would
you describe as your
cultural communication
st...
Cultural Values
Norms, and Rules
 Values
 Value Priorities
 Norms of Behavior
 Non-Verbal
Communication
Rosetta Eun Ry...
CulturalValueDifferences
RELATIONAL
Individualism
self-reliance, independence
(selfish)
Collectivism
group interdependence...
Identifiers, Power,
and Communication
Internalized Oppression/Dominance
Stereotype Threat
Accumulated Impact/
Microaggress...
Discussion: Conflict Re-Understood
Think about a recent conflict which you
now know to be true to be at heart a n
identity...
So What? Now What?
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Increasing Inclusivity
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
- Increasing Trust
- ...
Do You See Me?
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
- Representation on the
Walls...
Do You Hear Me?
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
- - Incorporation of Prior
K...
Will You Treat Me Fairly?
- Clear and High
Expectations
- Equal Discipline,
Rewards, and Access
- Support in Struggle and
...
- Understanding of
Identity and Experience
- Interruption of Exclusive
or Oppressive Behavior
- Teaching and
Discussing Cu...
Stretching the Inclusive Boundaries
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
1. How do you see materials
from this workshop applying
to your life?
2. What questions do you still
have?
3. What are you...
“To be culturally effective doesn’t
mean you are an authority in the
values and beliefs of every culture.
What it means is...
Final Questions or Comments?
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
Presenter Information
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
6th Faculty and
Professional Outreach
Seattle Girls’ School
2706 S Jackson Str...
Identity Resources
• Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture
and Identity”
• Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racia...
Identity Resources
• Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man”
• J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic
Identity...
Identity Resources
• Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill,
“Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in
...
Communication Resources
• “Stereotype Threat” by Joshua Aronson
• Brenda J. Allen, Difference Matters: Communicating
Socia...
Miscellaneous Resources
• Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and
Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National...
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Walnut Hill School Inclusive Communities

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Session delivered to teaching staff at Walnut Hill School for the Arts. In the ever-changing landscape of student demographics and diversity initiatives, teachers face the challenge of creating a classroom environment that goes beyond celebrations of heroes and holidays. Whether we are educators beginning the journey or far down the path into multiculturalism and inclusivity, there is always room to grow. What are some practical strategies and best practices to become the educator with whom all children thrive?

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Walnut Hill School Inclusive Communities

  1. 1. Walnut Hill School for the Arts Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Stretching the Inclusive Boundaries: Culturally Inclusive and Responsive Learning Community Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  3. 3. Goals  Gain a basic understanding of cultural competency  Understand how various dimensions of identity feed into cultural competencies  Examine how cross cultural communication, power, and privilege affect success in schools  Identify positive steps toward inclusive classrooms and communities - individually, interpersonally, and institutionally Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  4. 4. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  5. 5. Dimensions of Identity and Culture This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman for NAIS Summer Diversity Institute, adapted from Loden and Rosener’s Workforce America! (1991) and from Diverse Teams at Work, Gardenswartz & Rowe (SHRM 2003). Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  6. 6. Revisiting Up-Downs How did it feel to stand and claim your identities and experiences? To be applauded for them? To applaud others for their identities and their experiences? What were your reflections in watching students engage with the exercise? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  7. 7.  Identity Frames  Intractability  Co-Authorship of Identity Identity Development and Schools Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  8. 8.  What is it?  How is it Different from Intercultural Communication?  CCC Theories – Face-Negotiation Theory – Conversational Constraints Theory – Expectancy Violation Theory – Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory – Communication Accommodation Theory Cross Cultural Communication Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  9. 9. Individual - Collectivistic Low Context - High Context Task - Relationship Low Uncertainty - High Uncertainty Vertical - Horizontal Dimensions of Variability Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  10. 10.  Personality Orientation  Individual Values - Allocentric - Idiocentric  Self Construal - Independent - Interdependent  Individual Socialization  Cultural Norms and Rules Factors that Influence Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  11. 11. Discussion: My Style In hearing about communication differences, what would you describe as your cultural communication style? Have you noticed stark differences compared to others? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  12. 12. Cultural Values Norms, and Rules  Values  Value Priorities  Norms of Behavior  Non-Verbal Communication Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  13. 13. CulturalValueDifferences RELATIONAL Individualism self-reliance, independence (selfish) Collectivism group interdependence (mindless follower) Informality directness, give and take discussion (rude and abrupt) Formality indirectness, protect "face" (stiff and impersonal) Competition individual achievement (egotistical, show-off) Cooperation group achievement (avoiding doing work or taking responsibility) AUTHORITY Egalitarianism fairness, belief in equal opportunity (being picky, on a soapbox) Hierarchy privilege of status or rank (power hungry or avoiding accountability) TEMPORAL Use of Time "Time is money" (doesn’t get the important things in life) Passage of Time "Time is for life" (lazy and irresponsible) Change/Future Adaptability ensures survival (muckraker, stirs up trouble) Tradition/Past Stability ensures survival (old-school, afraid of change) ACTIVITY Action orientation "Make things happen" (rushes without thinking) "Being" orientation "Let things happen" (indecisive and slow) Practicality Efficiency is always best (impersonal and unscrupulous) Idealism Always maintain principles (naïve and impractical) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  14. 14. Identifiers, Power, and Communication Internalized Oppression/Dominance Stereotype Threat Accumulated Impact/ Microaggressions Code/Mode Switching Fish Seeing the Water “Normal” versus “Good” “Intent” versus “Impact” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  15. 15. Discussion: Conflict Re-Understood Think about a recent conflict which you now know to be true to be at heart a n identity and power difference. Using some of the terminology introduced, discuss with a partner or group of three what was going on to cause the conflict. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  16. 16. So What? Now What? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  17. 17. Increasing Inclusivity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) - Increasing Trust - Distinguishing Behaviors - Overcoming History and Impact
  18. 18. Do You See Me? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) - Representation on the Walls - Representation in the Curriculum - Interest in Personal Story (Sharing of Personal Story) - Interactions In and Out of the Classroom - Demonstration of Care
  19. 19. Do You Hear Me? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) - - Incorporation of Prior Knowledge and Experience - - Seeking and Responding to Feedback - - Student Choice in the Curriculum - - Empathy Reflex - - Authoritative Discipline
  20. 20. Will You Treat Me Fairly? - Clear and High Expectations - Equal Discipline, Rewards, and Access - Support in Struggle and Push in Success - Consistent and Predictable Assessment - Different Kinds of Success Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  21. 21. - Understanding of Identity and Experience - Interruption of Exclusive or Oppressive Behavior - Teaching and Discussing Cultural and Power Difference - Encouragement of and Practice with Collaboration Will You Protect Me? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  22. 22. Stretching the Inclusive Boundaries Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  23. 23. 1. How do you see materials from this workshop applying to your life? 2. What questions do you still have? 3. What are your personal action steps? Discussion: How Will I Apply All This? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  24. 24. “To be culturally effective doesn’t mean you are an authority in the values and beliefs of every culture. What it means is that you hold a deep respect for cultural differences and are eager to learn, and willing to accept, that there are many ways of viewing the world” Okokon O. Udo Cultural Effectiveness Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  25. 25. Final Questions or Comments? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  26. 26. Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee 6th Faculty and Professional Outreach Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562 rlee@seattlegirlsschool.org http://tiny.cc/rosettalee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  27. 27. Identity Resources • Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity” • Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)” • Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls” • Vivienne Cass, “Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model” • William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity” • Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  28. 28. Identity Resources • Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man” • J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development • Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development” • James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses” • Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness” • Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research” • Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice • Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  29. 29. Identity Resources • Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools” • Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model” • Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter, Racial Identity Theory • Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People” • Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  30. 30. Communication Resources • “Stereotype Threat” by Joshua Aronson • Brenda J. Allen, Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity • William Gudykunst, Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Comunication • Milton Bennett, PhD, Intercultural Communication Institute www.intercultural.org • “Non-Verbal Communication Across Cultures” by Erica Hagen, Intercultural Communication Resources • Thiagi.com • Thrive! Team Dynamics • http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/action_science_ history.htm Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  31. 31. Miscellaneous Resources • Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 • Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock • Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org • Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference • Johnnie McKinley, “Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)

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