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SMES Inclusion in the Early Years

Folk wisdom tells us young children don't notice differences or have any biases, yet research is telling us otherwise. What are age appropriate ways to develop intentionally inclusive and identity conscious children?

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SMES Inclusion in the Early Years

  1. 1. St. Margaret’s Episcopal School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Inclusion in the Early Years: Why, What, and How Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  3. 3. Agenda  Increasing Inclusivity  Working With Young Children  Questions and Answers Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  4. 4. Dimensions of Identity and Culture This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman for NAIS Summer Diversity Institute, adapted from Loden and Rosener’s Workforce America! (1991) and from Diverse Teams at Work, Gardenswartz & Rowe (SHRM 2003). Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  5. 5. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee) The Jones Model of Cultural Competence Cultural Self- Awareness Cultural Intelligence Cross-Cultural Effectiveness Skills Countering Oppression through Inclusion
  6. 6. Developmentally Appropriate Diversity Work Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  7. 7. Timeline for Early Awareness of Difference and Oppression Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee) Age Signs 6 months Can discern racial feature differences 3 years Awareness of own and others’ gender. Beginning awareness of gender roles 5 years Desire to categorize – self, others Curiosity about meaning of differences Aware of biases 7 years Can regulate biases versus behaviors Starting to parrot adult messages 3rd grade Are aware of societal stereotypes 5th grade Have internalized stereotypical messages
  8. 8. When They’re Little Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee) Theme: Trying to Understand the World  Curiosity based questions about difference  Find out what they’re actually asking  Find out why they’re asking  Answer their questions straightforwardly  Model and coach humility, delight, and curiosity about difference  Be mindful of children’s media – it’s not always good for kids
  9. 9. Curricular Approaches  Exposure Base  Allowing Questions  Gentle Guidance  Modeling Comfort With Discussions  Expanding Definition of What’s Possible  Fairness, Kindness, and Rightness Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  10. 10. Examples  The Black Santa Story  The Jackie Robinson Story  What Makes a Family?  Alternate Fairy Tales  Dress-Up Corner  Guest Speakers That Defy Stereotypes Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  11. 11. Parents: Partners or Foes? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  12. 12. What Parents Fear and What We Can Do About It  “I didn’t know about this stuff…”  “I don’t have any language around this…”  “I want to protect their innocence…”  “Are you teaching my kids values?”  “I don’t want my kid to feel spotlighted…”  Heads Up Communication  Resources and Language  Clear Reiteration of Mission and Values  Research and Your Expertise  Explicit Communication of Parents’ Roles Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  13. 13. Stretching the Inclusive Boundaries Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  14. 14. Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee 6th Faculty and Professional Outreach Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562 rlee@seattlegirlsschool.org http://tiny.cc/rosettalee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  15. 15. Identity Resources • Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity” • Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)” • Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls” • Vivienne Cass, “Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model” • William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity” • Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  16. 16. Identity Resources • Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man” • J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development • Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development” • James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses” • Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness” • Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research” • Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice • Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  17. 17. Identity Resources • Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools” • Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model” • Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter, Racial Identity Theory • Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People” • Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  18. 18. Resources  Joshua M. Aronson, Ph.D., “Improving Achievement & Narrowing the Gap,” Learning and the Brain Conference, Cambridge, MA, November 2003  Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference.  Miss Representation, documentary film on media and women  United Nations Population Fund Statistics on Gender Equality as of 2005 http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2005/presskit/factsheets/facts _gender.htm  Learning to be critically literate of mass media http://www.medialit.org/  Media Guide for Parents and Educators http://www.commonsensemedia.org/ Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  19. 19. Gender Specific Resources  Jennifer Bryan, various trainings and publications on gender and sexuality diversity, From the Dress Up Corner to the Senior Prom  JoAnn Deak, Ph.D., Girls Will Be Girls: Raising Confident and Courageous Daughters, How Girls Thrive  Jackson Katz, Tough Guise, Wrestling with Manhood, The Macho Paradox  John Medina, Talaris Research Institute, various studies on early gender differences in competition and play  Mary Pipher, Ph.D., Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls  Rachel Simmons, Odd Girl Out, Odd Girl Speaks Out, Curse of the Good Girl  Michael Thompson, Raising Cain, Speaking of Boys, It’s a Boy! Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  20. 20. Communication Resources • “Stereotype Threat” by Joshua Aronson • Brenda J. Allen, Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity • William Gudykunst, Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Comunication • Milton Bennett, PhD, Intercultural Communication Institute www.intercultural.org • “Non-Verbal Communication Across Cultures” by Erica Hagen, Intercultural Communication Resources • Thiagi.com • Thrive! Team Dynamics • http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/action_science_ history.htm Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  21. 21. Miscellaneous Resources • Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 • Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock • Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org • Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference • Johnnie McKinley, “Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)

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