NYSAIS Diversity Conference Keynote Asian and Pacific Islanders in Independent Schools


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75 Minute Keynote Delivered at the New York State Association of Independent Schools. In discussions of racial and ethnic diversity and equity, it is difficult to avoid juxtapositions between Asians and other People of Color groups. Higher test scores, college admissions, income, etc. imply that people of Asian and Pacific Islander heritage are doing better than everyone else, including Whites. And yet, this identity group contains within it a myriad of sub-groups that get lost in the conglomeration, and we fail to serve students if we don't acknowledge this diversity. API people experience the marginalization of invisibility - Southeast Asian, South Asian, and Pacific Islander peoples are often invisible in the equation of API with East Asian; API cultures are often invisible in the pedagogy of individual accomplishments and competition; API experiences are often invisible in conversations of racial opportunity gaps. From the impact of the Model Minority Myth to the Bamboo Ceiling, from the perpetual immigrant narrative to the rise of international API students in our residential programs, from the dance of identities of transracial adoptees to the intersectionality of factors that influence multiracial API identity development, are our schools prepared to be inclusive of all people who identify as Asian and Pacific Islander heritage?

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NYSAIS Diversity Conference Keynote Asian and Pacific Islanders in Independent Schools

  1. 1. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Doing Better Than Everyone Else? Asians and Pacific Islanders in Our Schools Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  3. 3. Food for thought Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  4. 4.  Innocence and Self Esteem  Encounter and Self Doubt  Assimilation to the Majority  Immersion into Identity  Emersion  Integration Identity Development: Marginalized Identities Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  5. 5.  Identity Frames  Intractability  Positive and Negative Encounters  Identity Socialization  Co-Authorship of Identity Identity and Cultural Inclusion Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  6. 6. Discussion Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  7. 7. Cycle of Systematic Oppression Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  8. 8. Effect of Varying Identifications Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  9. 9. Orientations Toward Ethnic Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  10. 10. Experiences Across Difference Internalized Oppression/Dominance Stereotype Threat Accumulated Impact/ Microaggressions Code/Mode Switching Fish Seeing the Water “Normal” versus “Good” “Intent” versus “Impact” Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  11. 11. Discussion Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  12. 12. What Does Asian Pacific American Mean, Anyway? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  13. 13. An Artificial Construct Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  14. 14. An Artificial Construct Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  15. 15. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee) An Artificial Construct
  16. 16. The Story of Asian Pacific America Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  17. 17. History of Conflict Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  18. 18. Asian Pacific American History  1763 Filipinos settle Saint Malo  1778 Chinese sailors land in Hawaii  1820s Chinese immigration begins in earnest  1865 The Central Pacific Railroad Co. recruits Chinese workers for the transcontinental railroad  1878 Chinese are ruled ineligible for naturalized citizenship  1882 Chinese Exclusion Act is passed Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  19. 19. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  20. 20. Takao Ozawa vs United States Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  21. 21. Asian Pacific American History  1941 Japan air force attacked Pearl Harbor; FBI arrests pro-Japanese community leaders  1941-45 Filipino resistance movement, working closely with U.S. Army, fights the Japanese invaders  1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066 on February 19, uprooting 100,000 people of Japanese descent on the west coast to be sent to Internment camps.  1943-1945 Japanese Americans volunteer for the US Army’s 442nd Regimental Combat Team and becomes the highest decorated military unit in US history  1946, the Luce–Celler Act of 1946 grants naturalization opportunities to Filipino Americans and Indian Americans (which included present-day Pakistanis and Bangladeshis) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  22. 22. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  23. 23. Asian Pacific American History  1956 Dalip Singh Saund is the first Asian (Sikh) to be elected for Congress  1962 Daniel K. Inouye of Hawaiʻi elected for the US Senate  1965 Patsy T. Mink of Hawaiʻi becomes the first woman of color in Congress.  1965 Luck Wing serves four terms as the Mayor of Sledge Mississippi, population 600  1968 Term “Asian American” is coined as a part of the Asian American Movement, a radical movement for social justice (Red Guard)  1971, Norman Y. Mineta elected mayor of San Jose, California; Herbert Choy nominated supreme court justice.  1974, George R. Ariyoshi elected governor of Hawaiʻi  1975 More than 130,000 refugees enter the U.S. from Vietnam, Kampuchea, and Laos as Communist governments are established there following the end of the Indochina War. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  24. 24. Black Panthers and The Red Guard Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  25. 25. Asian American History  1976 Samuel Ichiye (S. I.) Hayakawa of California and Spark Matsunaga of Hawaiʻi elected as US Senators  1978 Ellison S. Onizuka becomes the first Asian American astronaut  1982 Vincent Chin is accused of being a Japanese (being blamed for loss of jobs) and beaten to death.  1987 First formal signing of the Proclamation of Asian Pacific American Heritage Week by the White House  1988 U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs Civil Liberties Act of 1988 apologizing for Japanese American internment and provide reparations of $20,000 to each victim  1992 Korean businesses are looted and burned during the LA Riots Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  26. 26. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  27. 27. Asian American History  1992 Eugene Chung is football offensive lineman in the NFL  1992, Hae Jong Kim elected Bishop of United Methodist Church  1996 Gary Locke is elected as the first Chinese American governor  1999 Gen. Eric Shinseki becomes the first Asian American U.S. military chief of staff  2000 Norman Y. Mineta becomes the first Asian American appointed to the U.S. Cabinet  2002 Yao Ming is the number one draft pick in the 2002 NBA draft  2003 Ignatius C. Wang becomes a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church  2008 Tim Lincecum (half Filipino) a starting pitcher for the San Francisco Giants, is selected as an All Star for the Major League All Star Game Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  28. 28. Emergent Themes  The Perpetual Immigrant  The Worker Not Owner  Black or White or Neither?  Weak as a Socio-Political Group  Ethnically Separated Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  29. 29. Myth of the Model Minority  Overly Hard Working and Tireless  Will Work Under Extreme Circumstances  Quiet and Cooperative  Serene, Smart, Resilient  Doesn’t Seek the Limelight Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  30. 30. Legacy of the Myth  Outsourcing of Cheap Labor  Orientalism in Health Care  Tokenism and Minimalization  Stress of Achievement  Funneling into STEM Fields  Where Are You From? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  31. 31. What Kind of API Are You? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  32. 32. Young Man, Promising Career, Lovely Wife Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  33. 33. Young Family Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  34. 34. My Story: Korea Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  35. 35. Three daughters Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  36. 36. Coming to America Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  37. 37. Mrs. Connors Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  38. 38. Mr. Hawley Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  39. 39. MASP Counselor Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  40. 40. Ted Allen Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  41. 41. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  42. 42. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  43. 43. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  44. 44. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  45. 45. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  46. 46. My Story: A New Path Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  47. 47. What Kind of API Are You? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)  Southeast Asian  South Asian  Pacific Islander  Multiracial  Transracially Adopted  International Student  3rd Generation or Later  Recent Immigrant
  48. 48. Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Going Forward Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)
  49. 49. Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee 6th Faculty and Professional Outreach Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562 rlee@seattlegirlsschool.org http://tiny.cc/rosettalee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://tiny.cc/rosettalee)