NAIS SDI Identity Development


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How do we learn about our various group identities like female, African American, Buddhist, homosexual, middle class, etc.? From whom do we learn the meaning of these terms? What messages have we internalized about ourselves and others? What are the differences that result in one person having a healthy self identity and another person experiencing own-group shame and hatred? Learn how we can co-author the identity development of youth to progress toward positive success for all.

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NAIS SDI Identity Development

  1. 1. Identity DevelopmentNAIS Summer Diversity Institute 2012 Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School
  2. 2. Agenda Identity Development Exercise: Up-Downs Break Theory: Models of Identity Development Exercise: Theories and My Life Break Theory: Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity So What, Now What? Resources
  3. 3. Workshop Goals  Analyze Self Identity  Explore Models of Identity Development  Apply Knowledge into Personal and Professional LivesWhat You Put In, What You Get
  4. 4. Identity Development What is it? Why identity development? What are the various dimensions of identity?
  5. 5. Exercise: Up-Downs • Stand proudly for your group • Stand for as many groups within one category as applies to you• If you are not standing, cheer and applaud the people who are National Coalition Building Institute, Seattle Chapter, “Building Bridges Workshop,” Adapted by Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
  6. 6. Debrief: Up-Downs How did it feel to stand and claim many of your identities proudly? To be applauded for them? To applaud others for their identities?
  7. 7. Break
  8. 8. Racial, Ethnic, LGB Identity Development Models • All Models Have Some Value • All Models Have Some Limitations • Models Can Extend Beyond Cultural Identifiers Used
  9. 9. Exercise:Theories Jigsaw Please choose a theory that reflects one of your identities. Read the theory summary and ask the facilitator any questions you have about it.
  10. 10. Exercise:Theories Jigsaw Please take turns sharing highlights and understandings from the theory you read. Do these theories resonate with your own experience?
  11. 11. Identity Development:Hidden Lessons of School Theory Comparisons Co-Authorship of Identity Our Roles as Educators
  12. 12. Break
  13. 13. Identity Development of an InstitutionPre-EncounterEncounterDissonanceIdentity SearchResolution
  14. 14. Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) Schematic
  15. 15. So What? Now What?
  16. 16. Exercise: Case Study Analysis
  17. 17. Final Questions or Comments?
  18. 18. Resources• Carlos H. Arce, “A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity”• Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)”• Milton Bennett, “Intercultural Mindset”• Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls”• Vivienne Cass, “Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model”• William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity”• Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development”
  19. 19. Resources• Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man”• J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development• Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference• Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development”• James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses”• Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness”• Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth.• Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research”
  20. 20. Resources• Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice• Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity• Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools”• Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model”• Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter, Racial Identity Theory• Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People”• Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students”
  21. 21. Gender Specific Resources• American Association of University Women. (1991). Shortchanging girls, shortchanging America. Washington, DC: AAUW.• Borysenko, J. (1997). A womans book of life : The biology, psychology, and spirituality of the feminine life cycle. New York: Putnam Publishing Group.• Covey, S., Merrill, A. R., & Merrill, R. (1994). First Things First: To live, to love, to learn, to leave a legacy. New York: Simon & Schuster.• Dale, M. (1995). Body and self : An exploration of early female development. New York: Jason Aronson.• Huitt, W. (1997). Recommended books related to the growth, development, and socialization of girls and women. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University.
  22. 22. Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee 6th Faculty and Professional Outreach Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562
  23. 23. Feedback Conversation
  24. 24. The following are slides and exercises for longer sessions
  25. 25. Exercise:I Learned Who I Was When… How did you discover you havevarious identities? Who/what told you who you were? What were the messages? How did you feel?Use journaling, diagramming,pictures, meditating, or anythingelse to help you tell your storyand document it. You willnot be asked to shareanything with others thatyou do not want to.
  26. 26. Exercise: Who Am I?Whose Identity Journeys am I Co-Authoring?
  27. 27. Exercise: How is My SchoolSupporting People’s Identity Journeys?
  28. 28. Debrief: Me, My School, My Community• Identity and Communication• Curriculum’s Influence• Identity and Conflict• Disciplinary System’s Influence• Identity Statuses• Safespaces• Social/Institutional Enculturation• Social/Institutional Pressures