Meridian School Diversity Cafe Cultural Competency

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2 Hour Session Delivered to Meridian School Diversity Cafe. Cultural competency is a lifelong journey of self discovery and acceptance of others that requires information, impartiality, and interaction. How do we support youth through the ups and downs of this journey? Explore identity, culture, communication, and conflict in this interactive and experiential evening! Gather information and tools to help the youth in your lives grow, learn, work, and play in today's increasingly multicultural world.

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Meridian School Diversity Cafe Cultural Competency

  1. 1. Meridian School Diversity Cafe Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Cultural Competency: Supporting Our Children Through Their Journey Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  3. 3. Goals <ul><li>Gain a basic understanding of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how various dimensions of identity feed into cultural competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Examine how cross cultural communication, power, and privilege affect cultural competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Identify positive steps toward inclusive communities - individually, interpersonally, and institutionally </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  4. 4. Agenda <ul><li>Cultural Competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions of Identity and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Cross Cultural Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Culture, Power, and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Tools and Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  5. 5. Cultural Competencies <ul><li>Everybody has some competencies </li></ul><ul><li>No one has all competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Competency is unattainable, competencies are </li></ul><ul><li>Competencies are individual, fluid, situational, and contextual </li></ul><ul><li>THERE IS NO ONE ANSWER </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  6. 6. <ul><li>• Stand proudly for your group </li></ul><ul><li>• Stand for as many groups </li></ul><ul><li>within one category </li></ul><ul><li>as applies to you </li></ul><ul><li>• If you are not standing, </li></ul><ul><li>cheer and applaud </li></ul><ul><li>the people who are </li></ul>Exercise: Up-Downs Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee National Coalition Building Institute, Seattle Chapter, “Building Bridges Workshop,” Adapted by Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  7. 7. Debrief: Up-Downs <ul><li>How did it feel to stand and claim your identities and experiences? To be applauded for them? To applaud others for their identities and their experiences? </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  8. 8. Break Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  9. 9. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it Different from Intercultural Communication? </li></ul><ul><li>CCC Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-Negotiation Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversational Constraints Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectancy Violation Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Accommodation Theory </li></ul></ul>Cross Cultural Communication Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  10. 10. <ul><li>Individual - Collectivistic </li></ul><ul><li>Low Context - High Context </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity - Femininity </li></ul><ul><li>High Uncertainty - Low Uncertainty Avoidance Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical - Horizontal </li></ul>Dimensions of Variability Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Personality Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Values </li></ul><ul><li>Self Construal </li></ul><ul><li> - Independent </li></ul><ul><li> - Interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Norms and Rules </li></ul>Factors that Influence Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  12. 12. Cultural Values Norms, and Rules <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Value Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Norms of Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Verbal Communication </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  13. 13. Cultural Value Differences Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  14. 14. Exercise: Non-Verbal Violations <ul><li>1: Please pick a partner and stand. </li></ul><ul><li>2: Begin to converse about how your year is going so far. </li></ul><ul><li>3: You will receive a piece of paper describing nonverbal behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>4: Scan the piece of paper. Do not share the information. </li></ul><ul><li>5: INCREMENTALLY dramatize the nonverbal behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>6: Make note of thoughts or feelings you experience. </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  15. 15. Debrief: Nonverbal Violations <ul><li>Did the INTENT of your described behaviors allow you to display them more enthusiastically? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the IMPACT of the behaviors of your partner? </li></ul><ul><li>Did knowing that “odd” behaviors may be part of the exercise help you accept your partner’s behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>In a community with people from various groups, what do you take away from this exercise? </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  16. 16. Identifiers, Power, and Communication <ul><li>Internalized Oppression/Dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype Threat </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulated Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Code/Mode Switching </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Seeing the Water </li></ul><ul><li>“ Norm” “Normal” “Good” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Intent” versus “Impact” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  17. 17. So What? Now What? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  18. 18. Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) Schematic Continuum of Cross-Cultural Fluency and Competence Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  19. 19. Assumptions and Interpretations <ul><li>• Mental Models </li></ul><ul><li>• Ladder of Inference </li></ul><ul><li>Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Selective Data </li></ul><ul><li>Observable Data </li></ul><ul><li>• Tools of Action </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  20. 20. <ul><li>1. What did you see/hear (raw data)? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What are your personal filters (cultural values, norms, and identifiers)? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What was your interpretation of what you saw/heard (inference)? </li></ul><ul><li>4. How did you feel as a result? </li></ul><ul><li>5. What do you want? </li></ul>Checking Assumptions and Interpretations: Steps to Analyze Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Identity Frames </li></ul><ul><li>Intent Versus Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Using Your Voice of Privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Norm - Normal - Good </li></ul><ul><li>Heightened Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusivity Without Superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Driven Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Humility and Gratitude </li></ul><ul><li>Self Love </li></ul>Tool: Ally Skills Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ To be culturally effective doesn’t mean you are an authority in the values and beliefs of every culture. What it means is that you hold a deep respect for cultural differences and are eager to learn, and willing to accept, that there are many ways of viewing the world” </li></ul><ul><li>Okokon O. Udo </li></ul>Cultural Effectiveness Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  23. 23. Final Questions or Comments? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  24. 24. Presenter Information <ul><li>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee </li></ul><ul><li>6th Faculty and </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Girls’ School </li></ul><ul><li>2706 S Jackson Street </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle WA 98144 </li></ul><ul><li>(206) 709-2228 x 219 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/ </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  25. 25. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Carlos H. Arce, “ A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity” </li></ul><ul><li>• Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “ Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)” </li></ul><ul><li>• Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls” </li></ul><ul><li>• Vivienne Cass, “ Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model” </li></ul><ul><li>• William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity” </li></ul><ul><li>• Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  26. 26. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man” </li></ul><ul><li>• J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development </li></ul><ul><li>• Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development” </li></ul><ul><li>• James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses” </li></ul><ul><li>• Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness” </li></ul><ul><li>• Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research” </li></ul><ul><li>• Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>• Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  27. 27. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools” </li></ul><ul><li>• Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model” </li></ul><ul><li>• Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter , Racial Identity Theory </li></ul><ul><li>• Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People” </li></ul><ul><li>• Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  28. 28. Communication Resources <ul><li>• “ Stereotype Threat” by Joshua Aronson </li></ul><ul><li>• Brenda J. Allen, Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity </li></ul><ul><li>• William Gudykunst, Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Comunication </li></ul><ul><li>• Milton Bennett, PhD, Intercultural Communication Institute www.intercultural.org </li></ul><ul><li>• “ Non-Verbal Communication Across Cultures” by Erica Hagen, Intercultural Communication Resources </li></ul><ul><li>• Thiagi.com </li></ul><ul><li>• Thrive! Team Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>• http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/action_science_ history.htm </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  29. 29. Miscellaneous Resources <ul><li>• Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>• Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock </li></ul><ul><li>• Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org </li></ul><ul><li>• Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference </li></ul><ul><li>• Johnnie McKinley, “ Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth. </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)

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