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The present-simple-tense

presentació present simple

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The present-simple-tense

  1. 1. The presentsimple tense
  2. 2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Affirmative)She plays with her cars after lunchevery day.
  3. 3. We use present simple to talk about:• Habits and routines: – She eats paella every Thursday – I always go to school on foot• Thruths or permanent states: – My mother lives in Viladecans – Water boils at 100ºC• To express near future: – My mum arrives today(hàbits, rutines, coses que són certes i futurs propers)
  4. 4. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSEAFFIRMATIVE: WORK (sols és diferent la 3a persona singular) I, you, we, they live in Gavà He, she, it lives
  5. 5. 3rd person singular - spelling1. In general, the third person singular is formed by adding an s to the base verb. ( En principi la 3a del singular afegeix s) work He works2. Verbs ending in ss,x,ch,sh,o add “es” to the third person singular. (si el verb acaba en ss, x, ch, sh, o afegim –es) dress She dresses fix He fixes watch She watches T.V. wash She washes go It goes ! 3. Verbs ending in consonant + y, changes the y to i and add “es” Consonant + y  i + es: cry – cries, fly – flies, terrify – terrifies Vowel+y  y+s: play – plays• (però quan acaben en cons+y> i+es vocal+y> ys)
  6. 6. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Interrogative)DOES SHE WORK AS A DOCTOR?YES, SHE DOES
  7. 7. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE INTERROGATIVE: WORKDo/ Does + Subject + verb+C ? I We Do You they work in Sitges? He She Does It
  8. 8. Anwers• Short answers • Full answersYes I do / No I don’t AffirmativeYes she, does / no, she Yes, I work in a hotel doesn’t Yes, she works in a hotelEx: Do you work in a hotel?Yes, I do // No, I don’t NegativeDoes she work in a shop? No, I don’t work in a shopYes, she does, no, she Yes, she works in a shop doesn’t
  9. 9. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (Negative)HE DOESN’T WORK AS A DOCTOR, HE WORKS ASA BUILDER
  10. 10. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSENEGATIVE: WORK I We You don’t They drink coffee He She doesn’t It
  11. 11. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSETIME EXPRESSIONS:FREQUENCY ADVERBS:ALWAYS, OFTEN, GENERALLY, USUALLY, NORMALLY, SOMETIMES, NEVER. HE NORMALLY COOKS / EATS/ BUYS ….PASTAOTHER TIME EXPRESSIONS:EVERY DAY, EVERY MONTH, EVERY YEAR, ONSUNDAYS, AT THE WEEKENDS ETC. Shop assistants SOMETIMES WORK ON SUNDAYS

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