Psychosocial Development

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Psychosocial Development

  1. 2. <ul><li>Refers to the emotional and psychological changes across the life-cycle that occur in the context of the individual’s social environment </li></ul>
  2. 4. <ul><li>BASIC TRUST VS. MISTRUST (INFANCY-1 YR. OLD) – ORAL STAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trust and other positive social values should be initially experienced at home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ the world-especially the social world-is safe place to be, that people are reliable and loving” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>AUTONOMY VS. SHAME (TODDLERHOOD, 1-3 YRS. OLD)-ANAL STAGE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should let the child manipulate his social environment as well as to develop a sense of freewill </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive autonomy may lead into social crisis – stubbornness, negativism and tantrums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be “firm but tolerant” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too much dependency would lead into the feeling of shame and doubt </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>INITIATIVE VS. GUILT (PRESCHOOL 3-6) – GENITAL-LOCOMOTOR STAGE/PLAY AGE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The child begins to explore new things and pan about the future as well as to experience guilt once confronted with wrong decisions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The child starts to “initiate” imagination and curiosity” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiative and guilt should be balance in order to have moral judgment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>INDUSTRY VS. INFERIORITY (SCHOOL AGE, 6-12) LATENCY/SCHOOL AGE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The child must tame his imagination and focus himself to formal education as well as study positive social skills </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social actors should be added in order to develop the social skills of the child </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He must develop sense feeling of success </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inferiority occurs when the parents or other social actors are unappreciated of his works </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>IDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSION (ADOLESCENCE, 12-MID 20’S) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals tends to establish his own ego identity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ego identity – knowing who you are and how you fit in the rest of the society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Psychosocial Moratorium” should be done – help him realize what he is into, his path , his purpose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too much ego identity may lead into a kind of maladaptive tendency which is called fanaticism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fanaticism – also be interpreted as idealism </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION (YOUNG ADULT, MID 20’S TO MID 40’S) SUCCESFUL YOUNG ADULT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Goal is to find a lasting relationship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign of immaturity: fear of commitment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promiscuity refers to a maladaptive tendency wherein there is a shallow intimacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>GENERATIVITY VS. STAGNATION (Middle Adulthood, mid 40’s to mid 60’s) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual may have children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May view love as not self-centered but reciprocal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generativity means to continue the generation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overextension would occur if there is an excessive generativity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>INTEGRITY VS. DESPAIR (LATE ADULTHOOD, MID 60’S ONWARD) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The peak of adjustment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As well defined and formed life and self-concept of which he is happy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If any of the preceding stages were left unresolved, then an individual may experience despair </li></ul></ul></ul>

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