ExLibris National Library Meeting @ IFLA-Helsinki - Aug 15th 2012


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An invited talk to 40+ directors of national libraries worldwide at the annual ExLibris member meeting at IFLA (Helsinki, Finland) on August 15th, 2012.

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  • XiaozeXieLos Angeles Public Library (R740), 2009, oil on canvas, 32 x 64 inches
  • Rob Vargas created it from a study called How Much Information by the University of California at San Diego
  • TITLE:  Stanford Art Library (NA7764-NA8206) ARTIST:  XiaozeXieWORK DATE:  2009 CATEGORY:  Paintings MATERIALS:  oil on canvas SIZE:  h: 30 x w: 60 in / h: 76.2 x w: 152.4 cm REGION:  Chinese STYLE:  Contemporary (ca. 1945-present) PRICE*:  Contact Gallery for Price GALLERY:  415.433.2710    Send EmailONLINE CATALOGUE(S):  XiaozeXie  Jan 6 - Jan 30, 2010
  • Chinese Library No. 42, 2009oil on canvas32” x 61”
  • The MoMA Library (3), 2007, oil on canvas, 40 x 60 inches
  • http://www.newyorkerstore.com/wed-now-like-to-open-the-floor-to-shorter-speeches-disguised-as-questions/invt/136206/
  • ExLibris National Library Meeting @ IFLA-Helsinki - Aug 15th 2012

    1. 1. at the 2012 National Library / ExLibris MeetingDirector, Portfolio StrategyMSR Connections
    2. 2. • (and me)•••••
    3. 3. Some Background
    4. 4. Worldwide Presence MSR India MSR New England Redmond• Redmond, Washington Sept 1991• Cambridge, United Kingdom July 1997 MSR Cambridge, UK• Beijing, China Nov 1998• Silicon Valley, California July 2001 MSR Asia (Beijing)• Bangalore, India Jan 2005• Cambridge, Massachusetts July 2008• New York City, NY May 2012 Silicon Valley, California
    5. 5. ••• http://research.microsoft.com/
    6. 6. |Outreach. Collaboration. Innovation.•••• http://research.microsoft.com/collaboration/
    7. 7. Engagement and Collaboration FocusCore Computer Natural User Earth, Education & Health & Science Interface Energy & Scholarly Wellbeing Environment Communication
    8. 8. What is thechallenge before us?
    9. 9. Data Tidal Wave
    10. 10. …Thus far we seem to be worse off than before—for we canenormously extend the record; yet even in its present bulk wecan hardly consult it. This is a much larger matter than merelythe extraction of data for the purposes of scientific research; itinvolves the entire process by which man profits by hisinheritance of acquired knowledge. The prime action of use isselection, and here we are halting indeed. There may bemillions of fine thoughts, and the account of the experience onwhich they are based, all encased within stone walls ofacceptable architectural form; but if the scholar can get atonly one a week by diligent search, his syntheses are not likelyto keep up with the current scene… As We May Think by Vannevar Bush The Atlantic, July 1945 http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/194507/bush
    11. 11. According to study called How Much Information bythe University of California at San Diego,“…consumption totaled 3.6 zettabytes and 10,845trillion words, corresponding to 100,500 words and34 gigabytes for an average person on an averageday. A zettabyte is 10 to the 21st power bytes, amillion million gigabytes. These estimates are froman analysis of more than 20 different sources ofinformation, from very old (newspapers and books)to very new (portable computer games, satelliteradio, and Internet video)."[Note: Information at work is not included!]
    12. 12. “It’s not information overload. It’s filter failure.” Clay Shirky at Web 2.0 Expo 2008
    13. 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_data• information technology [1][2][3] data sets [4] [5]• [update] petabytes exabytes [9] meteorology genomics [10] connectomics [11] [12] Internet search finance business informatics• remote sensing radio-frequency identification [13][14]• [15] [update] quintillion [16]
    14. 14. So, what about libraries?
    15. 15. Present The Future: an Explosion of DataExperiments Simulations Archives Literature Instruments The Challenge: Enable Discovery Petabytes Deliver the capability to mine, search and analyze this data in near real-time.
    16. 16. What resources are available?
    17. 17. DataUp:Data Curation Add-in for Microsoft Excel•• California Digital Library’s Curation Center • • DataONE•
    18. 18. • Figshare is the first online repository for storing and sharing all of your preliminary findings in the form of individual figures, datasets, media or filesets. Post preprint figures on Figshare to claim priority and receive feedback on your findings prior to http://figshare.com/ formal publication.• Figshare allows researchers to publish all of their research outputs in seconds in an easily citable, sharable and discoverable manner. All file formats can be published, including videos and datasets that are often demoted to the supplemental materials section in current publishing models.• Figshare uses Creative Commons licensing to allow frictionless sharing of research data while allowing users to maintain their ownership. Figshare gives http://www.digital-science.com/ users unlimited public space and 1GB of private storage space for free.
    19. 19. ••• • http://datacite.org/ • • http://databib.org/• Registry of research data • repositories (hosted by • [Digital Purdue University) Object Identifier] • •
    20. 20.  Developed by the Institute of Quantitative Social Science (IQSS) at Harvard University http://thedata.org/
    21. 21. DataFlow http://www.dataflow.ox.ac.u k/ DataStageDataBank••
    22. 22. Preservation
    23. 23. http://duracloud.org/
    24. 24. WorldWideScience.org is a global science gateway connecting you to national andinternational scientific databases and portals. WorldWideScience.org acceleratesscientific discovery and progress by providing one-stop searching of global sciencesources. The WorldWideScience Alliance, a multilateral partnership, consists ofparticipating member countries and provides the governance structure forWorldWideScience.org.WorldWideScience.org was developed and is maintained by the Office of Scientific andTechnical Information (OSTI), an element of the Office of Science within the U.S.Department of Energy. Please contact webmaster@worldwidescience.org if yourepresent a national or international science database or portal and would like yoursource searched by WorldWideScience.org. In 3+ years since launch, the site has grown to 65+ countries, 400+ million pages – 96.5% of which is *not* available via commercial search engines – and can now be translated into multiple world languages (on demand).
    25. 25. Who does the work?
    26. 26. “Future Career Opportunities andEducational Requirements for Digital Curation” 1. 2. 3. 4. http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/brdi/PGA_069853/
    27. 27. Symposium on Digital Curation The Future Workforce Steven Miller IBM © 2012 IBM Corporation32
    28. 28. Symposium on Digital Curation © 2012 IBM Corporation33
    29. 29. Symposium on Digital Curation © 2012 IBM Corporation34
    30. 30. Symposium on Digital Curation © 2012 IBM Corporation35
    31. 31. Symposium on Digital Curation © 2012 IBM Corporation36
    32. 32. Symposium on Digital Curation Enterprise Governance Architect Define & manage the quality, consistency, usability, security, & availability of information Ensure compliance with local, state, federal, and international regulations Define and protect key organizational information assets Define and manage processes to ensure data quality and remediate data errors Define and manage appropriate levels of security at many levels Define processes to protect against security issues such as identity and data theft Define processes to ensure appropriate testing occurs before implementing © 2012 IBM Corporation37
    33. 33. Symposium on Digital Curation Enterprise Architect – Data Governance  Perform baseline logical reviews on key system, content, data, and process assets.  Create and maintain a comprehensive governance architecture for the Enterprise Conceptual Information Model, Content Assets, and Data Assets.  Ensure governed assets adhere to architectural principles and “Golden Rules”  Work with Domain Architects as key interaction point for communication, evangelism, governance and feedback into central architecture  Work with Business / Product Strategy in order to stay up to date with business / product direction in order to anticipate long-lead-time technology needs.  Work with peers within other enterprise information management pillars to develop and maintain business strategy, policies, standards and guidelines pertaining to global enterprise information  Ensure information model, information assets, governance architecture and program are aligned to the business goals across the company and the various business units © 2012 IBM Corporation38
    34. 34. Symposium on Digital Curation Data Curator & Analyst  Develop and maintain tools/codes for day-to-day extraction, curation and management of phenotypic, genomic, breeding process, and logistical data  Be instrumental for extracting and providing clean data to statistical analysis team, IT team, breeders and managements as per request  Develop matrix to measure and track the quality improvements of phenotypic and genomic data  Proactively increase awareness of value of the data quality among breeders and researchers across the company  Work closely with corporate IT groups and statistical teams to identify and implement methods to automate tracking of breeding pipeline and increase quality of pipeline data in order to reduce time in structuring, characterizing and cleaning data.  Create and present summary statistics and reports to researchers and management © 2012 IBM Corporation39
    35. 35. Symposium on Digital Curation Senior Data Steward  Support, build, and sustain relationships with analysts, leads, supervisors and managers within the TFS Business organization on designated projects Lead all activities (planning, analysis, testing & reconciliation) in support of the delivery of small, medium, and large data and reporting projects and initiatives Serve as liaison between Business Intelligence and TFS Business units to support requests for data and analysis Analyze, monitor, profile and administer the metadata, quality and reconciliation of data within assigned areas on designated projects Prepare and execute detailed data assessments and corrective action plans Co-develop and execute the process of training business users on how to fully leverage and use TFS business intelligence tools/reports/applications Serve as a subject matter expert on TFS data for specific subject areas © 2012 IBM Corporation40
    36. 36. "Data Services for the Sciences: A Needs Assessment” Study by Brian Westra (University of Oregon, July 2010) 1. Data storage and backup 2. Making this data findable by others 3. Connecting data acquisition to data storage 4. Allowing or controlling access to this data by others 5. Documenting and tracking updates to the asset 6. Data analysis/manipulation 7. Finding and accessing related data from others 8. Connecting data storage to data analysis 9. Linking this data to publications or other assets 10. Insuring data is secure/trustworthy 11. OtherWestra, B. "Data Services for the Sciences: A Needs Assessment“ (30-July-2010) Ariadne Issue 64 [URL:http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue64/westra/]
    37. 37. How do weprepare for this new world of work?
    38. 38. Workforce Demandand Career Opportunities in University and Research LibrariesNAS Symposium on Digital Curation Anne R. Kenney July 19, 2012
    39. 39. 7 NEW ROLES FOR LIBRARIANS* 1. Acquisitions and Rights Advisors 2. Instructional Partners in Learning Spaces 3. Observers/anthropologists of Information Users and Producers 4. Systems Builders 5. Content Producers and Disseminators 6. Organizational Designers 7. Collaborative Network Creators and Participants Walters and Skinner, New Roles for New Times: Digital Curation for Preservation, ARL, Mar 2001
    40. 40. RATINGS OF IMPORTANCE AND FREQUENCY OFESCIENCE INTERNSHIP TASKS From Youngseek Kim, et al, “Education for eScience Professionals”, IJDC 6:1 (2011) http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/168
    41. 41. MOST SIGNIFICANT SKILLS GAPS INSUPPORTING EVOLVING RESEARCHERS’INFORMATION NEEDS 1. Ability to advise on preserving research outputs 2. Knowledge to advise on data management and curation, including ingest, discovery, access, dissemination, preservation, and portability 3. Knowledge to support researchers in complying with the various mandates of funders, including open access requirements 4. Knowledge to advise on potential data manipulation tools used in the discipline/subject Mary Auckland, “Re-skilling for Research,” RLUK, January 2012© Information School / University of Sheffield 2012
    42. 42. MOST SIGNIFICANT SKILLS GAPS(CONTINUED) 5. Knowledge to advise on data mining 6. Knowledge to advocate, and advise on, the use of metadata 7. Ability to advise on the preservation of project records, e.g. correspondence 8. Knowledge of sources of research funding to assist researchers to identify potential funders 9. Skills to develop metadata schema, and advise on discipline/subject standards and practices, for individual research projects Mary Auckland, “Re-skilling for Research,” RLUK, January 2012
    43. 43. REQUISITE EXPERTISE FOR DIGITALHUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCESRequisite ExpertiseDomain/subject expertiseAnalytical expertiseData expertiseProject management expertise Williford and Henry, “One Culture: Computationally Intensive Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences,” CLIR, 2012
    44. 44. 39 schools worldwide and growing http://www.ischools.org/The iSchools organization was founded in 2005 by a collective of Information Schools dedicated to advancing theinformation field in the 21st Century. These schools, colleges, and departments have been newly created or are evolvingfrom programs formerly focused on specific tracks such as information technology, library science, informatics, andinformation science. While each individual iSchoolhas its own strengths and specializations, together they share afundamental interest in the relationships between information, people, and technology.
    45. 45. Digital Curationas a Core CompetencySymposium on Digital Curation in the Era of Big Data:Career Opportunities & Educational RequirementsJuly 19, 2012Dean Elizabeth D. LiddyiSchool, Syracuse University
    46. 46. 5 Stages of the Data Life Cycle Data Archiving / PreservationData Presentation / Visualization Data Analytics Data ManagementData Collection
    47. 47. Three Additional Vital Competencies Data Archiving / Preservation Data Presentation / Visualization Data Analytics Data Management Data Collection
    48. 48. Preserving Access to Our Digital Future: Building an International Digital Curation CurriculumDigCCurr Matrix Competencies for Curators http://www.ils.unc.edu/digccurr/digccurr-matrix.html/
    49. 49. http://digital-scholarship.org/dcrg/dcrg.htm Available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.
    50. 50. Evolved InfrastructureEvolved Tools & ResourcesEvolved Librarians
    51. 51. Servers are the new shelves.
    52. 52. The Opportunity Before Us• Seek out and initiate data projects – Cross-domain partnerships – Enhance broad availability• Pursue value-added services – Data storage and backup services – Enhancing data mark-up and findability – Securing/controlling access to data – Maintaining provenance – Developing analytical and visualization tools – Seeking related data/research – Hosting and linking data to publications/assets – Ensuring that data is preserved for the long-term• Grow your people – Invest in training your existing staff – Change the technical profile of who you hire – Support the evolution of how we educate the field 60
    53. 53. – Helen Harknesshttp://www.amazon.com/Career-Chase-Creative-Control-Chaotic/dp/0891060987
    54. 54. "If you dont like change, youregoing to like irrelevance even less.“ —General Eric Shinseki Retired United States Army four-star general, currently US Secretary of Veterans Affairs
    55. 55. Paintings by Xiaoze XieXiaoze Xie immigrated from the People’s Republicof China in 1992, where he was born and studiedart and architecture. He has MFA degrees fromBeijing and North Texas University, and taught atBucknell University before assuming his currentpost at Stanford. His works are in the collections ofthe Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, the ScottsdaleMuseum of Contemporary Art and distinguishedprivate collections.Xie’s oil paintings bring together serene qualities oftraditional still-life painting and photography. Fromthe long tradition of still-life painting he employs arich and selected palette to represent the books,which take on a nearly symbolic role. Webpage: http://art.stanford.edu/profile/Xiaoze+Xie/ Email: xzxie@stanford.edu
    56. 56. “We’d now like to open the floorto shorter speeches disguised as questions.” Published in The New Yorker 10/18/2010 by Steve Macone
    57. 57. Thank you! Lee Dirks Directory, Portfolio Strategy Microsoft Research | Connections ldirks@microsoft.com