Perspective: Two editors and a publisher of OA and subscription journal. Our experience of launching and developing an OA journal. Hope that by sharing these realities of open science, researchers might become more aware of how/where they publish.
Same thing for a subscription/print journal. Cost----differs, but it’s still a problem. You’re paying upfront for print and distribution costs for a print journal, but for an OA subscription journal, you confine yourself to only authors who can pay. Journal Reputation. Few years ago would have said more of a problem for OA, but that is/has changed with PLoS, JOV, etc.More important question here then is the practical accounts of publishing. Next slide
How can OA break into the publishing game?How can Open Science become the norm?From a publisher’s perspective there’s one reason why OA is not a major market share.
Publishers control research platforms. They respond to funding and demand (consider success of Elsevier protest).So how does OA overcome this vicious circle?
I think we’re watching the cycle being broken. RCUK and EC demand either publication in OA journal of grantees or deposit of work within OA repository in 12 to 6 months respectively for STM journals and 18 months for HSS journals. A similar policy has existed in the US for a while now. Wait and see how this affects journal subscriptions. So the answer is largely you. How can you support Open Science and the move toward OA publication platforms?
Distributehandout on Open Science.Advertise your article-level metrics when availableEncourage any committees you are on to consider these along with or in place of IFAsk your publisher to promote article-level metricsPublish your papers of the most substance in newer OA journals.Alex Holcombe and others are putting on an Open Research conference in February in New Zealand. Contact Alex to become involved. They are looking for help with organizing it. Transition to copyright discussion.
My view on copyright, probably your view as well. You would think OA would resolve this, but it doesn’t. Would think CreativeCommons Licenses would be the standard OA license. But they’re not. Quick explanation of CreativeCommons for those who don’t know.
--Six different types.---They all allow ……---They differ by whether they allow you to distribute, etc commercially or not, whether they require the new creator to license under the same type of CC license, whether they allow you to alter material.--As we said, many OA journals actually don’t use this, even though, it is by far the least restrictive type of license one can use for sharing information.---So going back to traditional non-OA copyright, quick couple facts about copyright.
Copyright naturally rests with the author/creator. That’s where it falls by default. There are special circumstances, such as when it falls to your employer or if a work was commissioned. But the default is with you.
There are a host of rights “copyright” comprises that a publisher, even an OA publisher, might be interested in: --right to defend your content legally, --they want to determine how/where it is distributed (this could be so they can track its usage better or it could be to protect their profit). Why not ask for exclusive license? Some do. We do. But most don’t.This is from a Romeo study of 80 publishers. As you can see, by far the majority ask that you sign over copyright to them. This is also excluding the most popular OA license---a Creative Commons License. This is what we use with i-Perception. What reason do publishers give for asking for copyright?
From same study.Looking at agreements and what they mention (if they mention at all, some don’t).Go through reasons.Conclusion: taking copyright is convenient.
--Copyright practices are changing: Wiley Blackwell adopting license for OA journals---and for most all the least restrictive kind (CC BY); Georgia State vs Sage, OUP, and Cambridge and reasonable (in 2008 these publishers sued GSU for copyright infringement. complaint arose from Georgia State’s practice of allowing faculty to use university networks and university library E-reserves systems to copy and distribute book excerpts to students without paying licensing fees. The judge ruled that most of the counts of copyright abuse actually counted as fair use. --Momentum in the direction for OA publishing with research councils. --Last year there was no such symposium on Open Science at ECVP. --Strength in numbers, and working with—not against.
Open access and author owned copyright--16 aug
Open Access and Author-OwnedCopyrightAmye Kenall Pion, LondonTim Meese University of Aston, UKPete Thompson University of York, UK @i_Perceptionhttp://i-perception.perceptionweb.com/
About the journal: i-Perception Launched in 2010. Costs covered by article-processing charge. Publishes about 1,000 pages a year. That’s just over 40 papers and two sets of conference abstracts. Uses same editorial board as subscription sister journal Perception.
Barriers to Breaking into the Journal Game? Cost Journal Reputation
Vicious Circle Lack of publisher support Lack ofLack of sustainabledemand funding model Lack of funding
How do we break the cycle? Subscribers cancel subscriptions and agree to put all funds toward existing OA publications. Publishers and subscribers agree to switch together. Universities and researchers lobby governments and research councils to support OA and practice open science. Eventually subscribers and publishers respond accordingly.
Actions You Can Take to Help Support Open Science• Preferentially submit to/review for open access journals• Undermine the Impact Factor.• Talk to your librarians and department. Request that funds be specifically allocated to publishing in OA journals if they are not already. • Ask conference organizers to make conference proceedings OA.• Talk to funding bodies about mandating that research produced from their funds be made OA.• At conferences, meet like-minded people to concoct new open projects, find out about existing ones.• Post all your manuscripts in your institutional repository (the "green road" to open access); lobby your department/lab/university to require it of everyone.• Do open science. Post your program code on the Web, freeze the code used for your papers by putting a copy in your institutional repository, use electronic lab notebooks and other tools that post data online automatically as it comes in. Figshare is a good service for posting individual figures.• If you are an editor of a journal, talk to your publisher about changing to OA. If they say no, ask them what else THEY can do to help promote open science.• Join Twitter and follow OA organizations, journals, and activists, such as @openscience, @costofknowledge, @ceptional, @i_Perception, @michael_nielson.• Spread the word.
• Six different types of CC licenses (CC BY, CC BY- SA, CC BY-ND, CC BY-NC, CC BY-NC-SA, CC BY-NC- ND)• All – Allow licensor to retain copyright while allowing others to copy, distribute, and make some use of their work. – Allow licensor to be credited for work. – Work around the world---because built on copyright.
Natural state of copyright is with the author/creator Insert funny image
• Protect their ability to be reimbursed for their work.
• Protect their ability to be reimbursed for their work.• Right to legally defend your work.
• Protect their ability to be reimbursed for their work.• Right to legally defend your work.• Work with third parties and disseminate work widely.
• Protect their ability to be reimbursed for their work.• Right to legally defend your work.• Work with third parties and disseminate work widely.So why not license these rights?
A publisher really only needs some of the rights included under copyright. Non-exclusive license only 3 Exclusive license option 4 Exclusive license only 5 Copyright assignment 68 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 No of Publishers
Protect from copyright infringement 20 Effective 3rd part permissions 13 Wide dissemination of article 8 Unable to publish without copyright… 7 Legal requirement 4Needed for agreements with 3rd parties 3 Protect integrity of article 3 Publisher policy 3 Protect publisher investment 2 0 5 10 15 20 25 No of agreements “it is…hard to find a justification, other than convenience, for insisting on taking the author’s copyright” Sally Morris in Learned Publisher