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  1. 1. Pronouns “ They can because they think they can.” Virgil
  2. 2. What is a Pronoun? <ul><li>“ A pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns.” - Holt, Elements of Literature definition. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of pronouns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Possessive Indefinite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflexive Demonstrative </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why do we need to use pronouns? <ul><li>To avoid repetition of nouns in sentences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gretchen was writing a paper for a class. Gretchen did not like Gretchen’s teacher, so Gretchen did not spend much time on Gretchen’s paper. The teacher tried to help Gretchen become a better writer, but Gretchen was not willing to listen to Gretchen’s teacher. The teacher spoke to Gretchen about this, and Gretchen told the teacher that Gretchen did not think writing would matter to Gretchen. Gretchen was going to be a famous singer and would not have to write. What should the teacher tell Gretchen? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Antecedents <ul><li>Every pronoun should have a CLEAR antecedent, the word that the pronoun stands for in the sentence . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear - Even when Bailey behaved badly, he was rarely punished. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclear – Bailey spoke to Uncle Willie. He was angry. [Who was angry] </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Antecedents <ul><li>Pronouns and their Antecedents must agree in number, gender, and person. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number – Singular (One) or Plural (More than One) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender – Masculine (Male or Unknown) or Feminine (Female) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person – First (Speaker), Second (Spoken to), or Third (Spoken About) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Pronouns <ul><li>What is a personal pronoun? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A personal pronoun takes the place of people or things. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Personal Pronouns <ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I, Me </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He, Him, She, Her, It </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We, Us </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They, Them </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Find the correct antecedent for the given pronoun. <ul><li>Bill reminded Susan that he wanted to meet her friend. </li></ul><ul><li>The car was in the garage. It had a flat tire. </li></ul><ul><li>UNC and West Virginia will play in the Meineke Car Care Bowl. They will play in Charlotte, North Carolina. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Review <ul><li> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Possessive Pronouns <ul><li>What is a possessive pronoun? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal pronouns that are used to show ownership. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Possessive Pronouns <ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My, Mine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your, Yours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Her, Hers, His, Its </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our, Ours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your, Yours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their, Theirs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Its v. It’s <ul><li>Its </li></ul><ul><li>Means belonging to it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The car still has its lights on. </li></ul><ul><li>The dog ate its food. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s </li></ul><ul><li>Means it is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It’s getting late outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think it’s too late to study? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Your v. You’re <ul><li>Your </li></ul><ul><li>Means belonging to you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget your coat. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have your homework. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re </li></ul><ul><li>Means you are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You’re not going over there tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>I can’t believe you’re not going to study. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Their v. They’re v. There <ul><li>Their </li></ul><ul><li>Means belonging to them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I went to their house. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you still have their phone number? </li></ul><ul><li>They’re </li></ul><ul><li>Means they are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They’re not here. </li></ul><ul><li>___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>There </li></ul><ul><li>Means referring to a place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How did you get over there? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Choose the correct pronoun <ul><li>The living room is hers to clean not (my, mine, me). </li></ul><ul><li>A gray wolf calls to (it, its, it’s) mother by howling. </li></ul><ul><li>Since (your, you’re, yours) car is in the shop, (I, me) have to drive you. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Review <ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>What is a reflexive pronoun? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflexive pronouns are pronouns that refer to the subject and direct the action of the verb back to the subject. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>Singular </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Myself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yourself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Himself, Herself, Itself </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural </li></ul><ul><li>First Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ourselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yourselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Themselves </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>Make sure to match the reflexive pronoun with the proper number, person, and gender of the subject it is referring to. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We wouldn’t say: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We did the homework by myself . (We and myself doesn’t agree in number. We is plural and myself is singular.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He did the work herself . (He and herself doesn’t agree in gender. He is masculine, while herself is feminine.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I wrote the story herself . (I and herself doesn’t agree in person. One is first person and the other is third person. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Review <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  21. 21. Demonstrative Pronouns <ul><li>What is a demonstrative pronoun? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A demonstrative pronoun points out a person, place, thing, or idea. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Demonstrative Pronouns <ul><li>This – Near the speaker (Singular) </li></ul><ul><li>That – Far from speaker (Singular) </li></ul><ul><li>These – Near the speaker (Plural) </li></ul><ul><li>Those – Far from speaker (Plural) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Demonstrative Pronouns <ul><li>(This, These) is a delicious papaya. </li></ul><ul><li>(That, Those) is the uniform once worn by Satchel Paige. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring (this, that) wagon over there to me. </li></ul><ul><li>(That, Those) are the stamps I collected over twenty years. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>What is an indefinite pronoun? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An indefinite pronoun refers to a person, place, or thing that is not specifically named. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>All </li></ul><ul><li>Any </li></ul><ul><li>Both </li></ul><ul><li>Each </li></ul><ul><li>Either </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody </li></ul><ul><li>Everything </li></ul><ul><li>Few </li></ul><ul><li>Many </li></ul><ul><li>None </li></ul><ul><li>No one </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody </li></ul><ul><li>One </li></ul><ul><li>Several </li></ul><ul><li>Some </li></ul><ul><li>Somebody </li></ul>
  26. 26. Choose which indefinite pronoun would fit each sentence <ul><li>Would (someone, any) please let us know if they are still friends? </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey did (everything, few) well. </li></ul><ul><li>(Nobody, Many) of the pickles ended up in his pockets. </li></ul><ul><li>Is there (everybody, anybody) who knows the answer? </li></ul>