Poetry terms


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Poetry terms

  1. 1. Poetry Terms “The poet doesn’t invent. He listens.” - Jean Cocteau All definitions from wikipedia.org
  2. 2. Verse Vs. Prose <ul><li>Verse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal structure with meter and rhyme, though it doesn’t always need rhyme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the best words in the best order” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen in poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resembles everyday speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up in paragraphs and sentences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seen in novels, short stories, and most any other form of writing </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Free Verse <ul><li>A form of verse that is written without rhyme or meter. It can still be recognized as poetry because it has a complex pattern of sorts. Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays in this type. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stanza <ul><li>A group of lines in a poem set off by a space, somewhat like a paragraph in prose. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roses are Red, Violets are Blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They both smell good, unlike my shoe </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Stanzas <ul><li>Two lines = Couplet </li></ul><ul><li>Three lines = Tercet </li></ul><ul><li>Four lines = Quatrain </li></ul><ul><li>Five lines = Quintain </li></ul><ul><li>Eight lines = Octave </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rhyme <ul><li>The repetition of similar sounds in two or more different words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Not, Hot, Shot </li></ul>
  7. 7. Internal Rhyme and Near Rhyme <ul><li>Internal Rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I carry a locket in my pocket . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Near Rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Words that nearly have the same rhyming sound. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soul and All </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Rhyme Scheme <ul><li>A pattern of rhyming lines in poetry. The pattern is found by looking at the last word of a line of poetry. It is labeled with letters. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A,A,B,A,B </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Refrain <ul><li>A line or lines in verse that is repeated throughout. It is like a chorus of a song. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yo ho yo ho a pirate’s life for me </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Alliteration <ul><li>The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of several words near each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P eter P iper p icked a p eck of p ickled p eppers </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Assonance <ul><li>The repetition of vowel sounds in several words near each other. It is like alliteration, but vowel sounds, and can appear anywhere in a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>M a ke a c a ke for your d a te. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Consonance <ul><li>The repetition of consonant sounds in several words near each other. This is like alliteration, but can appear anywhere within a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wri t e a grea t paper on a grea t t opic. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Hyperbole <ul><li>A great exaggeration to make a point, but is not meant to be taken seriously. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I could sleep for a year. (Meaning that the person is extremely tired) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Simile and Metaphor <ul><li>Simile </li></ul><ul><li>A comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast as lightning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>A direct comparison of two unlike things, saying that something is another. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is an angel </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Personification <ul><li>Giving human characteristics to non-living things. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The wind whistled through the trees. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>A word that imitates the sound it describes. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boom! </li></ul></ul>