H:\understanding main idea1

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Main idea

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H:\understanding main idea1

  1. 1. Understanding Main Idea Role and Purpose of Main Idea How to identify Main Idea
  2. 2. Role and Purpose of Main Idea <ul><li>The main idea of a reading selection is its central and most important idea. In other words, what the reading is mostly about.
  3. 3. The main idea can appear anywhere in the reading selection (beginning, middle, or end).
  4. 4. The main idea is reinforced with supporting details.
  5. 5. The supporting details give more information about the main idea.
  6. 6. Examples of supporting details are facts, statistics, dates, names, opinions, and other information. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Questions to help you identify the main idea <ul><li>What is the topic of the reading selection?
  8. 8. What does the author want me to know about that topic? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Stated or Implied Main Idea <ul><li>When the main idea is stated clearly in one sentence in the reading, this is called a stated main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>When the main idea is not stated but is a summary of the information from the reading, this is called an implied main idea . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Practice identifying the main idea <ul><li>Stress can contribute to extreme behaviors. Some people react to stress by trying to escape from their problems through drug abuse. These people mistakenly see drugs as a way to cope with problems. Aggression is another extreme behavior related to stress. A person who acts aggressively tries to control people in order to get his or her own way. This person often feels intense anger and might express that anger by physically or emotionally harming others. Too much stress often also causes depression. Depressed people often feel a deep sense of loneliness that they assume will never change or go away.
  11. 11. http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lyoung/dogwood/tranwordsact.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. Practice identifying the main idea <ul><li>Stress can contribute to extreme behaviors. Topic sentence and, in this case, the main idea (All of the major supporting details describe extreme ways people might deal with stress.) Some people react to stress by trying to escape from their problems through drug abuse. Major supporting detail These people mistakenly see drugs as a way to cope with problems. Minor supporting detail Aggression is another extreme behavior related to stress. Major supporting detail A person who acts aggressively tries to control people in order to get his or her own way. Minor supporting detail This person often feels intense anger and might express that anger by physically or emotionally harming others. Major supporting detail Too much stress often also causes depression. Major supporting detail Depressed people often feel a deep sense of loneliness that they assume will never change or go away. Minor supporting detail
  13. 13. This is an example of stated main idea. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Practice identifying the main idea A man and a lion were discussing the relative strength of men and lions in general. The man contended that he and his fellows were stronger than lions by reason of their greater intelligence. “ Come now with me,” he cried, “and I will soon prove that I am right.” So he took him into the public gardens and showed him a statue of Hercules overcoming the lion and tearing his mouth in two. “ That all is very well,” said the lion, “but proves nothing, for it was a man who made the statue.” <ul><li>The implied main idea might be stated as follows: What we think is true depends on our perspective, or point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Excerpt from Identifying Main Idea and Supporting </li></ul>Details Handout by Prentice Hall, Inc.
  15. 15. Strategy to Identify Main Idea <ul><li>T-Note Format-Put main idea here.
  16. 16. Main Idea Details/Examples
  17. 17. 1. 1. </li></ul>2. 3. <ul><li>2. 1. </li></ul>2. 3. <ul><li>3. 1. </li></ul>2. 3.
  18. 18. Strategy to Identify Main Idea <ul><li>T-Note Format-Stress can contribute to extreme behaviors. (Main Idea of selection)
  19. 19. Main Idea Details/Examples
  20. 20. 1. Drug Abuse 1. Way of reacting to stress </li></ul>2. Way of escape 3. Way of dealing with problems <ul><li>2. Aggression 1. Tries to control others </li></ul>2. Has feelings of intense anger 3. Inflicts physical/emotional harm to others. <ul><li>3. Depression 1. Sense of loneliness </li></ul>2. Feelings will not change 3. Loneliness will not go away
  21. 21. Wrapping it all up <ul><li>Go to this website and review main idea.
  22. 22. http://www.billericareads.org/mainidea.htm
  23. 23. Then, try the Online Practice Main Idea for Students. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is another website to help with main idea.
  24. 24. http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lyoung/dogwood/MIact/MainIdea.html </li></ul>
  25. 25. Bibliography of Resources <ul><li>http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lyoung/dogwood/default.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.billericareads.org/mainidea.htm </li></ul><ul><li>102 Content Strategies for English Language Learners by Jodi Reiss. </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying Main Idea and Supporting Details Handout by Prentice Hall, Inc. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Reviewing Main Idea <ul><li>Students may go to the links from the Internet to reinforce practice with identifying main idea. </li></ul><ul><li>For students who do not get main idea the first time, I have developed a jeopardy game based on the notes taken from the information in the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>This helps for students who need a visual. </li></ul>

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