After (1) 40 YEARS in the desert, the Hebrews reached Canaan led by (2) JOSHUA, son of Nun. But a group called the (3) CANAANITES already lived there! After (3) FOUR YEARS of war, the Hebrews finally had their land back.
(4) SAUL became the first king of the Israelite Kingdom. Saul was famous for winning many battles and defeating all of Israel’s enemies. During one battle against the (5) PHILISTINES, the warrior (6) GOLIATH challenged the Israelite fighters. No one would fight him, until (7) DAVID, a young man who played the harp for Saul, slew Goliath with a single shot from his slingshot. David became famous, which made Saul jealous.
King Saul actually wanted to kill David. (8) GOD was angered by this and for other things that Saul had done. Saul and his three sons were soon all killed in battle. (9) DAVID was made king around 1000BC.
King David finished off the last Israelite enemy, the (10) PHILISTINES. This (11) UNITED the two Hebrew kingdoms, (12) ISRAEL to the north and (12) JUDAH to the south. The united (13) KINGDOM OF ISRAEL was born. David made (14) JERUSALEM capital and created the government, army, courts, and government officials.
Jerusalem was made the holy city because it held the (15) ARK OF THE COVENANT. The Ark was a stone tablet that held the (16) TEN COMMANDMENTS. After David died, his son (17) SOLOMON became King. Solomon built the huge (18) TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM to hold the Ark of the Covenant. It took (19) 3,000 WORKERS and lots of (20) TAXES to complete it.
The Israelites did not like Solomon because he burdened the people with heavy taxes and forced them to work on the temple. Near King Solomon’s death in (21) 931 BC, the northern Israelites broke away and formed their own kingdom called (22) ISRAEL. The southern part was once again called (23) JUDAH and (24) JERUSALEM was still its capital. This split left the Israelite people vulnerable…