The Assyrians andEgyptians In (1) 722 BC, the (2) ASSYRIANS conquered the northern Kingdom of Israel. Some Israelites were (3) EXILED, or forced to leave, others were allowed to stay. The southern land of (4) JUDAH was conquered by the (5) EGYPTIANS in 620 BC.
The Chaldeans (Neo-Babylonians) The (6) CHALDEANS defeated the Egyptians and Israelites and took over Judah in (7) 612 BC. The Jews and Egyptians (8) UNITED to try to defeat the Chaldeans but failed. In (9) 597 BC, King Nebuchadnezzar punished the Jews by exiling 10,000 of them to (10) BABYLON.
The Diaspora The Jews of Judah revolted against Nebuchadnezzar again in (11) 586 BC. This time the Chaldeans destroyed the (12) TEMPLE OF JERUSALEM and forced thousands more to go to Babylon. This is the beginning of the (13) DIASPORA, the scattering of Jews throughout the world
The Jews The Jews lived in Babylon for over (14) 50 YEARS. The Chaldeans called them (15) JUDEANS because they were from Judah. This was later shortened to Jews. During their time in Babylon, Jewish (16) SCRIBES began writing down all the religious stories and history for fear of being annihilated. This became the (16) TORAH.
The Persians and Greeks In (17) 539 BC, Babylon and the Chaldeans were conquered by the (18) PERSIANS led by Cyrus. Cyrus let the Jews go home to (19) JUDAH, but Judah was still under Persian control. In (20) 311 BC, the Persians were conquered by (21) ALEXANDER THE GREAT of Greece. Judah became part of Alexander’s Greek Empire.
The Greeks In (21) 168 BC, the Jews rebelled against the ruling Greeks. A Jewish army known as the (22) MACCABEES drove the Greeks from Jerusalem and reclaimed what was left of the Temple. (23) HANUKKAH celebrates the cleansing of their Temple. The Jews lived in freedom for (24) 88 YEARS until…
The Romans In (25) 63 BC, Judah was conquered by the Romans. The Romans killed more than 50,000 Jews. The Romans did let the Jews practice Judaism and in (26) 22 BC, Jewish King (27) HEROD began rebuilding the Temple of Jerusalem. In (28) 66 AD, the Jews tried to overthrow the Romans and managed to kick them out of Jerusalem for almost four years.
The End But the Romans kept fighting back and in (29) 70 AD the Romans retook Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple of Jerusalem. It took (30) 60,000 ROMANS to beat the Jews. In (31) 132 AD, the Jews tried revolting again but lost. This time the Romans exiled all Jews out of Jerusalem. For the next (32) 1,800 years the Jews did not have control of their holy city as they were scattered throughout Israel, Mesopotamia and Europe. The Romans renamed the Israelite land and called it (33) “PALESTINE.”