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South Africa

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South Africa

  1. 1. South Africa
  2. 2. Land
  3. 3. Land• Borders both the (1) ATLANTIC and Indian Ocean
  4. 4. Land• Borders both the (1) ATLANTIC and Indian Ocean• Cape of Good Hope is the most (2) SOUTHERN point on the continent
  5. 5. Land• Borders both the (1) ATLANTIC and Indian Ocean• Cape of Good Hope is the most (2) SOUTHERN point on the continent• There are several mountain ranges, including the (3) DRAKENSBERG Range
  6. 6. Economy
  7. 7. Economy• Has a lot of (4) NATURAL RESOURCES, including diamonds, minerals, and gold
  8. 8. Economy• Has a lot of (4) NATURAL RESOURCES, including diamonds, minerals, and gold• Most (5) INDUSTRIALIZED country in Africa
  9. 9. Economy• Has a lot of (4) NATURAL RESOURCES, including diamonds, minerals, and gold• Most (5) INDUSTRIALIZED country in Africa• Agriculture and ranching produce a lot of food
  10. 10. Economy• Has a lot of (4) NATURAL RESOURCES, including diamonds, minerals, and gold• Most (5) INDUSTRIALIZED country in Africa• Agriculture and ranching produce a lot of food• In rural areas, people are poor and work on subsistence farms
  11. 11. History
  12. 12. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa
  13. 13. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa • Germans, Belgians, and French joined them
  14. 14. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa • Germans, Belgians, and French joined them • Spoke (7) AFRIKAANS
  15. 15. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa • Germans, Belgians, and French joined them • Spoke (7) AFRIKAANS • Took the best land
  16. 16. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa • Germans, Belgians, and French joined them • Spoke (7) AFRIKAANS • Took the best land• 1800’s: British come to South Africa
  17. 17. History• 1600’s: Dutch (known as the (6) BOERS) settle in South Africa • Germans, Belgians, and French joined them • Spoke (7) AFRIKAANS • Took the best land• 1800’s: British come to South Africa• 1902: British defeat the Boers in the Boer War
  18. 18. History
  19. 19. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans
  20. 20. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans• 1948: (8) APARTHEID starts
  21. 21. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans• 1948: (8) APARTHEID starts • Races laws that grouped people by race and made it illegal to mix
  22. 22. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans• 1948: (8) APARTHEID starts • Races laws that grouped people by race and made it illegal to mix • Whites were given the best of everything while other races were given little
  23. 23. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans• 1948: (8) APARTHEID starts • Races laws that grouped people by race and made it illegal to mix • Whites were given the best of everything while other races were given little• 1991: Apartheid ends
  24. 24. History• 1912: African National Congress founded by black South Africans• 1948: (8) APARTHEID starts • Races laws that grouped people by race and made it illegal to mix • Whites were given the best of everything while other races were given little• 1991: Apartheid ends• 1994: (9) NELSON MANDELA is elected as the first black president in the first democratic election
  25. 25. People
  26. 26. People• (10) 44 million people
  27. 27. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK
  28. 28. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK• 3 largest ethnic groups: (12) ZULU, Sotho, and Xhosa
  29. 29. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK• 3 largest ethnic groups: (12) ZULU, Sotho, and Xhosa• 11 official languages
  30. 30. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK• 3 largest ethnic groups: (12) ZULU, Sotho, and Xhosa• 11 official languages• European South Africans: high standard of living
  31. 31. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK• 3 largest ethnic groups: (12) ZULU, Sotho, and Xhosa• 11 official languages• European South Africans: high standard of living• Black South Africans: many live in (13) TOWNSHIPS and live in poverty
  32. 32. People• (10) 44 million people• 78% (11) BLACK• 3 largest ethnic groups: (12) ZULU, Sotho, and Xhosa• 11 official languages• European South Africans: high standard of living• Black South Africans: many live in (13) TOWNSHIPS and live in poverty• Very high rate of HIV/AIDS
  33. 33. Did you know?• Home to many species of animal including hippos, lions, penguins, great white sharks, giraffe, mongoose, cheetahs, rhinos, and many more• South Africa has three capitals • Bloemfontain (judicial) • Cape Town (legislative) • Pretoria (executive)

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