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Israel

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Israel

  1. 1. Israel Objectives: W.A. 1, 2: On a map of the world, locate Israel. W.A. 3: Explain how the location, climate, major physical characteristics, major natural resources, and population have influenced settlement and the economies of Israel.W.A. 4: Identify when Israel became independent and explain how independence was achieved. Optional Topic 3: Describe major ethnic and religious groups in various countries in Western Asia.Optional Topic 5: Identify the methods used to compensate for the scarcity of water in some areas.
  2. 2. Location
  3. 3. LocationIsrael is at the eastern endof the (1)MEDITERRANEAN SEA.
  4. 4. LocationIsrael is at the eastern endof the (1)MEDITERRANEAN SEA.The Gaza Strip, West Bank,and Golan Heights are (2)PALESTINIAN territory.
  5. 5. The Land
  6. 6. The Land In the northeast is a large (3) PLATEAU bordering Israel and Syria.
  7. 7. The Land In the northeast is a large (3) PLATEAU bordering Israel and Syria. Between Jordan and Israel is the (4) DEAD SEA.
  8. 8. The Land In the northeast is a large (3) PLATEAU bordering Israel and Syria. Between Jordan and Israel is the (4) DEAD SEA. The southern half of Israel is covered by the (5) NEGEV DESERT.
  9. 9. The Land In the northeast is a large (3) PLATEAU bordering Israel and Syria. Between Jordan and Israel is the (4) DEAD SEA. The southern half of Israel is covered by the (5) NEGEV DESERT. Northern Israel has a (6) MEDITERRANEAN climate, but southern Israel has a (7) DESERT climate.
  10. 10. Economy
  11. 11. Economy Along the Mediterranean farmers grow (8) CITRUS FRUITS, a major export.
  12. 12. Economy Along the Mediterranean farmers grow (8) CITRUS FRUITS, a major export. Farmers use (9) IRRIGATION and other farming technology to grow enough food to feed the entire country.
  13. 13. Economy Along the Mediterranean farmers grow (8) CITRUS FRUITS, a major export. Farmers use (9) IRRIGATION and other farming technology to grow enough food to feed the entire country. Israel is the most (10) INDUSTRIALIZED country in the Middle East.
  14. 14. Agriculture
  15. 15. Agriculture (11) 9% of Israelis live and work on farm settlements.
  16. 16. Agriculture (11) 9% of Israelis live and work on farm settlements. In a (12) KIBBUTZ, people share all property, farming responsibilities, and profits.
  17. 17. Agriculture (11) 9% of Israelis live and work on farm settlements. In a (12) KIBBUTZ, people share all property, farming responsibilities, and profits. In a (13) MOSHAV, people share property and farming also, but they are also allowed to own some private property as well.
  18. 18. History
  19. 19. HistoryIn ancient times, the (14)JEWS lived in what is nowIsrael.
  20. 20. HistoryIn ancient times, the (14)JEWS lived in what is nowIsrael.The Greeks, Romans,Byzantines, Arabs, andOttoman Turks all ruled thearea.
  21. 21. HistoryIn ancient times, the (14)JEWS lived in what is nowIsrael.The Greeks, Romans,Byzantines, Arabs, andOttoman Turks all ruled thearea.The Romans named thearea (15) PALESTINE.
  22. 22. History Continued
  23. 23. History ContinuedThe Jews were enslaved and eventuallykicked out of Palestine by the (16)ROMANS.
  24. 24. History ContinuedThe Jews were enslaved and eventuallykicked out of Palestine by the (16)ROMANS.Beginning in the late 1800s, settlersknown as (17) ZIONISTS began tomove back to Palestine. They wantedto set up a safe homeland for Jews.
  25. 25. History ContinuedThe Jews were enslaved and eventuallykicked out of Palestine by the (16)ROMANS.Beginning in the late 1800s, settlersknown as (17) ZIONISTS began tomove back to Palestine. They wantedto set up a safe homeland for Jews.The British gained control of Palestineduring World War I. They supportedthe Zionists, but wanted to keep peacewith the Arabs living there.
  26. 26. Independence
  27. 27. Independence During World War II, the (18) HOLOCAUST brought attention to the Jews’ struggle.
  28. 28. Independence During World War II, the (18) HOLOCAUST brought attention to the Jews’ struggle. In 1947, the United Nations voted to divide Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state.
  29. 29. Independence During World War II, the (18) HOLOCAUST brought attention to the Jews’ struggle. In 1947, the United Nations voted to divide Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. In May of (19) 1948, the British left and the country of Israel was formed.
  30. 30. Independence During World War II, the (18) HOLOCAUST brought attention to the Jews’ struggle. In 1947, the United Nations voted to divide Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. In May of (19) 1948, the British left and the country of Israel was formed. Many Palestinian Arabs fled to other countries, becoming refugees. Many European Jews moved to Israel.
  31. 31. Continuing Tensions
  32. 32. Continuing TensionsAfter gaining independence, Israel foughtwars with its neighbors, including Egypt andSyria.
  33. 33. Continuing TensionsAfter gaining independence, Israel foughtwars with its neighbors, including Egypt andSyria.Through these wars, Israel gained control ofArab areas such as the (20) GAZA STRIP and(21) WEST BANK.
  34. 34. Continuing TensionsAfter gaining independence, Israel foughtwars with its neighbors, including Egypt andSyria.Through these wars, Israel gained control ofArab areas such as the (20) GAZA STRIP and(21) WEST BANK.In a 1993 agreement, Palestinians were givencontrol of these areas.
  35. 35. Continuing TensionsAfter gaining independence, Israel foughtwars with its neighbors, including Egypt andSyria.Through these wars, Israel gained control ofArab areas such as the (20) GAZA STRIP and(21) WEST BANK.In a 1993 agreement, Palestinians were givencontrol of these areas.Palestinians are still trying to create theirown country. In 2011, they asked the UnitedNations to grant them statehood.
  36. 36. People
  37. 37. PeopleMore than (22) 90% of peoplelive in urban areas.
  38. 38. PeopleMore than (22) 90% of peoplelive in urban areas.(23) 80% of people are Jewish;only half were born in Israel.
  39. 39. PeopleMore than (22) 90% of peoplelive in urban areas.(23) 80% of people are Jewish;only half were born in Israel.Non-Jewish Israelis are usually(24) ARAB.
  40. 40. PeopleMore than (22) 90% of peoplelive in urban areas.(23) 80% of people are Jewish;only half were born in Israel.Non-Jewish Israelis are usually(24) ARAB.(25) 15% of Israelis are Muslim.
  41. 41. Government Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu
  42. 42. Government Israel is a (26) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, or a government headed by elected officials. Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu
  43. 43. Government Israel is a (26) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, or a government headed by elected officials. The (27) PRIME MINISTER leads the government. Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu
  44. 44. Government Israel is a (26) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, or a government headed by elected officials. The (27) PRIME MINISTER leads the government. The Israeli parliament, or (28) Prime Minister KNESSET, meets in the capital, Jerusalem.Benjamin Netanyahu
  45. 45. Jerusalem
  46. 46. JerusalemJews, Christians, and Muslims all believe Jerusalem isa Holy City.
  47. 47. JerusalemJews, Christians, and Muslims all believe Jerusalem isa Holy City.Jews and Christians believe many events from the OldTestament occurred in Jerusalem.
  48. 48. JerusalemJews, Christians, and Muslims all believe Jerusalem isa Holy City.Jews and Christians believe many events from the OldTestament occurred in Jerusalem.(29) CHRISTIANS believe that Jesus was crucified inJerusalem.
  49. 49. JerusalemJews, Christians, and Muslims all believe Jerusalem isa Holy City.Jews and Christians believe many events from the OldTestament occurred in Jerusalem.(29) CHRISTIANS believe that Jesus was crucified inJerusalem.(30) MUSLIMS believe the prophet Mohammed willreturn to Jerusalem on Judgement Day.

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