Sumer city-states weakened each other by fighting over (1) LAND AND WATER. In 2300BC, Sumer was conquered by (2) KING SARGON of Akkad. Sargon actually (3) UNITED the city-states and improved its government and military. Sumer remained under Akkadian control for nearly (4) 200 years.
King Sargon was a great military general. He taught soldiers how to fight in (5) FORMATIONS. Soldiers with shields would be in front with a layer of soldiers with spears behind them. Sargon controlled all of Mesopotamia! He destroyed the (6) CITY-STATE WALLS and put loyal Akkadian governers in charge of the city-states.
Sargon ruled for (7) 56 YEARS before he died. He had created the world’s (8) FIRST EMPIRE. The capital city was (9) AGADE, located in northern Mesopotamia. Agade was a center of culture with beautiful temples and palaces. At the time, it was the richest and most powerful city in the world.
The Akkadians ruled Sumer but Sumerian culture lived on! The Akkadians used Sumer’s(10) IRRIGATION SYSTEM. The Akkadians wrote in (11) CUNEIFORM. The Akkadians even worshipped the Sumerian (12) GODS (but they used different names.)
The Akkadians had their own culture too. They created 3D sculptures called (13) STELES. Most famous stele is the Victory Stele. The Victory Stele was created to celebrate a military victory of King Sargon’s grandson, (14) KING NARAM-SIN.
Due to the Akkadian Empire’s size, it was very hard to control. After 200 years of rule, the Akkadian Empire fell apart (15) IN 2100 BC Sumer returned to a city-state system but was (16) MUCH WEAKER AND LESS CREATIVE. Sumer existed until (17) 1800BC when it was conquered for good.