Ecuador and Peru

438 views

Published on

Published in: Travel
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ecuador and Peru

  1. 1. Ecuador and Peru
  2. 2. ECUADOR: Location
  3. 3. ECUADOR: Location“Ecuador” is the Spanish word for (1) EQUATOR, whichruns through the country.
  4. 4. ECUADOR: Location“Ecuador” is the Spanish word for (1) EQUATOR, whichruns through the country.West of Ecuador is the Pacific Ocean and the (2)GALAPAGOS ISLANDS.
  5. 5. ECUADOR: Location“Ecuador” is the Spanish word for (1) EQUATOR, whichruns through the country.West of Ecuador is the Pacific Ocean and the (2)GALAPAGOS ISLANDS.(3) COLOMBIA is to the north and (4) PERU is to theeast and south.
  6. 6. Land and Climate
  7. 7. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.
  8. 8. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?)
  9. 9. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?) the South American (continental) plate collided with the Nazca Plate (oceanic)
  10. 10. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?)
  11. 11. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?)The (7) PERU CURRENT in the Pacific helps keeptemperatures mild.
  12. 12. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?)The (7) PERU CURRENT in the Pacific helps keeptemperatures mild.In the east are hot and humid (8) RAIN FORESTS.
  13. 13. Land and Climate(5) SWAMPS and FERTILE PLAINS stretch along thecoast.The (6) ANDES MOUNTAINS run through the center ofthe country. (HOW WERE THE ANDES FORMED?)The (7) PERU CURRENT in the Pacific helps keeptemperatures mild.In the east are hot and humid (8) RAIN FORESTS.The capital, (9) QUITO, lies more than 9,000 feet abovesea level.
  14. 14. Economy
  15. 15. Economy(10) AGRICULTURE is the most important economicactivity.
  16. 16. Economy(10) AGRICULTURE is the most important economicactivity.Along the (11) COASTAL LOWLANDS bananas, cacao,coffee, rice, and sugarcane are grown.
  17. 17. Economy(10) AGRICULTURE is the most important economicactivity.Along the (11) COASTAL LOWLANDS bananas, cacao,coffee, rice, and sugarcane are grown.In the (12) ANDEAN HIGHLANDS, farmers grow coffee,beans, corn, potatoes, and wheat.
  18. 18. Economy(10) AGRICULTURE is the most important economicactivity.Along the (11) COASTAL LOWLANDS bananas, cacao,coffee, rice, and sugarcane are grown.In the (12) ANDEAN HIGHLANDS, farmers grow coffee,beans, corn, potatoes, and wheat.(13) PETROLEUM is also found in the lowlands in theeast.
  19. 19. People
  20. 20. People(14) MESTIZOS and NATIVE AMERICANS each make upabout (15) 40% of the population.
  21. 21. People(14) MESTIZOS and NATIVE AMERICANS each make upabout (15) 40% of the population.(16) SPANISH is the official language, but many NativeAmericans speak their traditional languages.
  22. 22. People(14) MESTIZOS and NATIVE AMERICANS each make upabout (15) 40% of the population.(16) SPANISH is the official language, but many NativeAmericans speak their traditional languages.There are about (17) 12.6 million people; about half ofthe population lives along the coast.
  23. 23. People(14) MESTIZOS and NATIVE AMERICANS each make upabout (15) 40% of the population.(16) SPANISH is the official language, but many NativeAmericans speak their traditional languages.There are about (17) 12.6 million people; about half ofthe population lives along the coast.The largest city is the port of (18) GUAYAQUIL.
  24. 24. Did you know?
  25. 25. Did you know?Ecuador’s mountains are home to (19) CLOUD FORESTS,tropical mountain forests that are constantly covered inclouds and mist.
  26. 26. Did you know?Ecuador’s mountains are home to (19) CLOUD FORESTS,tropical mountain forests that are constantly covered inclouds and mist.More than a million species of (20) INSECTS, 1,500species of birds, and 4,500 species of (21) BUTTERFLIESlive in Ecuador.
  27. 27. Did you know?Ecuador’s mountains are home to (19) CLOUD FORESTS,tropical mountain forests that are constantly covered inclouds and mist.More than a million species of (20) INSECTS, 1,500species of birds, and 4,500 species of (21) BUTTERFLIESlive in Ecuador.The rain forest is home to the world’s loudest monkey(the howler monkey) and smallest monkey (the pygmymarmoset).
  28. 28. PERU: Location
  29. 29. PERU: LocationPeru is (22) WEST of Braziland Bolivia, (23) SOUTH ofEcuador and Colombia, and(24) NORTH of Chile.
  30. 30. PERU: LocationPeru is (22) WEST of Braziland Bolivia, (23) SOUTH ofEcuador and Colombia, and(24) NORTH of Chile.To the west of Peru is the(25) PACIFIC OCEAN.
  31. 31. Land and Climate
  32. 32. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.
  33. 33. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.On Peru’s border with Bolivia is (29) LAKE TITICACA, thehighest navigable lake in the world.
  34. 34. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.On Peru’s border with Bolivia is (29) LAKE TITICACA, thehighest navigable lake in the world.
  35. 35. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.On Peru’s border with Bolivia is (29) LAKE TITICACA, thehighest navigable lake in the world.
  36. 36. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.On Peru’s border with Bolivia is (29) LAKE TITICACA, thehighest navigable lake in the world.East of the Andes is the (30) AMAZON BASIN.
  37. 37. Land and ClimateIn Peru, there are dry (26) DESERTS, snowcappedmountains (the (27) ANDES), and hot, humid (28) RAINFORESTS.On Peru’s border with Bolivia is (29) LAKE TITICACA, thehighest navigable lake in the world.East of the Andes is the (30) AMAZON BASIN.The (31) PERU CURRENT in the Pacific Ocean is a coolwater climate. It helps keep the temperature mild, eventhough Peru is near the Equator.
  38. 38. Economy
  39. 39. EconomyPeru’s largest exports are (32) COPPER and FISH.
  40. 40. EconomyPeru’s largest exports are (32) COPPER and FISH.One third of people work in (33) AGRICULTURE - theygrow sugarcane, cotton, and coffee for export.
  41. 41. EconomyPeru’s largest exports are (32) COPPER and FISH.One third of people work in (33) AGRICULTURE - theygrow sugarcane, cotton, and coffee for export.Most people work on (34) SUBSISTENCE FARMS.
  42. 42. EconomyPeru’s largest exports are (32) COPPER and FISH.One third of people work in (33) AGRICULTURE - theygrow sugarcane, cotton, and coffee for export.Most people work on (34) SUBSISTENCE FARMS.Native Americans in Peru were the first people ever togrow (35) POTATOES.
  43. 43. EconomyPeru’s largest exports are (32) COPPER and FISH.One third of people work in (33) AGRICULTURE - theygrow sugarcane, cotton, and coffee for export.Most people work on (34) SUBSISTENCE FARMS.Native Americans in Peru were the first people ever togrow (35) POTATOES.Today, the main crop is still (36) POTATOES.
  44. 44. History
  45. 45. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.
  46. 46. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.The Incans had courts, military posts, trade inspections,work rules, and complex systems of record keeping.
  47. 47. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.The Incans had courts, military posts, trade inspections,work rules, and complex systems of record keeping.They built (39) IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, roads, andsuspension bridges to connect their empire to the capital(40) CUZCO.
  48. 48. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.The Incans had courts, military posts, trade inspections,work rules, and complex systems of record keeping.They built (39) IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, roads, andsuspension bridges to connect their empire to the capital(40) CUZCO.Today, the Incan ruins can be seen in (41) MACHUPICCHU.
  49. 49. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.The Incans had courts, military posts, trade inspections,work rules, and complex systems of record keeping.They built (39) IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, roads, andsuspension bridges to connect their empire to the capital(40) CUZCO.Today, the Incan ruins can be seen in (41) MACHUPICCHU.Spain conquered the Incans in the early (42) 1500’S.
  50. 50. HistoryThe (37) INCAN EMPIRE existed in what is now Peru. Itstretched more than 2,500 miles along the (38) ANDESMOUNTAINS.The Incans had courts, military posts, trade inspections,work rules, and complex systems of record keeping.They built (39) IRRIGATION SYSTEMS, roads, andsuspension bridges to connect their empire to the capital(40) CUZCO.Today, the Incan ruins can be seen in (41) MACHUPICCHU.Spain conquered the Incans in the early (42) 1500’S.Peru gained its independence in (43) 1820.
  51. 51. Government
  52. 52. GovernmentThere is a new (44) CONSTITUTION that was adoptedin 1993.
  53. 53. GovernmentThere is a new (44) CONSTITUTION that was adoptedin 1993.There is an elected president and (45) TWO vicepresidents.
  54. 54. GovernmentThere is a new (44) CONSTITUTION that was adoptedin 1993.There is an elected president and (45) TWO vicepresidents.All Peruvians over (46) 18 may vote, except for thoseserving in the (47) MILITARY.
  55. 55. People
  56. 56. PeoplePeru’s (48) 27.1 million people live mostly along thecoast.
  57. 57. PeoplePeru’s (48) 27.1 million people live mostly along thecoast.The capital, (49) LIMA, is the largest city with 7 millionpeople.
  58. 58. PeoplePeru’s (48) 27.1 million people live mostly along thecoast.The capital, (49) LIMA, is the largest city with 7 millionpeople.About half of the people are Native Americans. Manylive in the highlands or rain forests and follow a (50)TRADITIONAL way of life.
  59. 59. PeoplePeru’s (48) 27.1 million people live mostly along thecoast.The capital, (49) LIMA, is the largest city with 7 millionpeople.About half of the people are Native Americans. Manylive in the highlands or rain forests and follow a (50)TRADITIONAL way of life.The national religion is (51) CATHOLICISM and theofficial language is (52) SPANISH.
  60. 60. Did you know?
  61. 61. Did you know?Peru has more than (53) 1,500 species of bird, morethan all birds in North America and Europe (54)COMBINED.
  62. 62. Did you know?Peru has more than (53) 1,500 species of bird, morethan all birds in North America and Europe (54)COMBINED.The (54) VICUNA, an animal related to the llama, haswool so soft that in ancient times only nobles wereallowed to wear clothing made from it.
  63. 63. Did you know?Peru has more than (53) 1,500 species of bird, morethan all birds in North America and Europe (54)COMBINED.The (54) VICUNA, an animal related to the llama, haswool so soft that in ancient times only nobles wereallowed to wear clothing made from it.The (55) ANDES MOUNTAINS are the second-tallestmountains in the world.

×