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The government of USA

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The government of USA

  1. 1. USA & the Wider World 1945- 1989 • Leaving Cert History
  2. 2. The government of the USA • Federal government •The Executive •The Legislature •The Judiciary
  3. 3. The Executive • The President • Runs the Country • Assisted by Ministers (Secretaries of State)
  4. 4. • Enforcing the laws of the nation • Acts as Commander-in-Chief of the US Armed Forces • Conducts foreign Affairs and negotiates treaties • Appoints government officials • Elected by the electoral college The President
  5. 5. • Harry S. Truman • 1945-1953 Presidents since WW2
  6. 6. • Dwight D. Eisenhower • 1953-1961 Presidents since WW2
  7. 7. • John F. Kennedy • 1961-1963 Presidents since WW2
  8. 8. • Lyndon B. Johnson • 1963-1969 Presidents since WW2
  9. 9. • Richard M. Nixon • 1969-1974 Presidents since WW2
  10. 10. • Gerald Ford • 1974-1977 Presidents since WW2
  11. 11. • Jimmy Carter • 1977-1981 Presidents since WW2
  12. 12. • Ronald Reagan • 1981-1989 Presidents since WW2
  13. 13. The electoral college • Complicated system for electing US President • Voters in each state choose delegates for an Electoral College. Based on population size • All delegates must vote for the candidate who gets a majority in their state • Possible that President can win without having a majority.
  14. 14. Electoral college 2012
  15. 15. Legislature • Lower House – House of Representatives • 435 members – based on population • California 53 members – Alaska 1 member • Elected every two years • Main responsibility – taxation and budget
  16. 16. Legislature • Upper House – House of Senators • 100 members – 2 from each state • Elected every six years • Main responsibility – Foreign Affairs • Any new treaties must be passed by a 2/3 majority
  17. 17. Law-making Process • Bill introduced and passed by both Houses of Congress • Signed into Law by President • Checked by Supreme Court that it is constitutional • President can veto bill • Congress overturn veto by 2/3 majority vote
  18. 18. Supreme Court • Interprets the Constitution • Checks that Federal and State laws comply with constitution • Rulings can be changed by later ruling or by amendment to Constitution • Nine Judges – appointed for life • Only removed by impeachment and convicted by Senate. • Very Powerful
  19. 19. Political Parties • Republicans – pro-big-business on economic issues and conservative on social issues. Want as little government interference as possible. Low public spending – low taxation. • Democrats – pro-big-business on economic issues and liberal on social issues. More willing for government involvement in economic issues.
  20. 20. Federal V State • Rights given to States to prevent Federal Government becoming too powerful • Individual States control business legislation, transport, police, education. Decides on whether or not to have the death penalty. • Shared responsibility – taxation, health care, social welfare, natural resources. FBI deals with crime in more than one state.
  21. 21. Tensions - Federal V State Civil War 1861-1865 – over the rights of the Southern States After WW2 Supreme Court declared state laws that discriminated against black Americans unconstitutional. Eisenhower sent troops into Little Rock Arkansas to enforce Supreme Court ruling that ended segregation in education.
  22. 22. • Presentation prepared by: • Dominic Haugh • St. Particks Comprehensive School • Shannon • Co. Clare • Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author

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