State building

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State building

  1. 1. Cumann na nGaedheal in Power State Building <ul><li>Leaving Cert History </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 </li></ul>
  2. 2. State Building <ul><li>April 1923 General Election </li></ul><ul><li>Leading members of the Government </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘New’ Civil Service </li></ul><ul><li>The Civic Guard </li></ul><ul><li>The Courts </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government </li></ul>
  3. 3. April 1923 General Election <ul><li>Cummann na Gaedheal (pro-treaty) – 63 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Sinn Fein (anti-treaty) – 44 seats (did not take seats) </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers Party – 15 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Labour Party – 14 seats </li></ul><ul><li>Independents – 17 seats </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>President of Executive Council - William T. Cosgrave </li></ul><ul><li>V. President & Minister for Home Affairs – Kevin O’Higgins </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Finance – Earnest Blythe </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Defence – Richard Mulcahy </li></ul><ul><li>Minister for Education – Eoin MacNeill </li></ul>Leading members of the Government
  5. 5. The ‘New’ Civil Service <ul><li>Government adopted a conservative policy in all areas of administration that differed little from British rule </li></ul><ul><li>98% of the British Civil Service in Ireland transferred to the new Free State Civil Service </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Civic Guard <ul><li>A new unarmed police force was established </li></ul><ul><li>Made up mostly of former pro-treaty IRA men </li></ul><ul><li>Renamed ‘Garda Síochána’ in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of some former RIC men caused the resignation of the first Garda commissioner, Michael Staines. </li></ul><ul><li>Public Safety Act 1923 gave ministers the power to order the internment of anyone they felt was a risk to the security of the state. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Courts <ul><li>Similar system to the British court system </li></ul><ul><li>District Court </li></ul><ul><li>Circuit Court </li></ul><ul><li>Central Criminal Court </li></ul><ul><li>High Court </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Significant changes from British system </li></ul><ul><li>Each county responsible for public health, elections, road maintenance, poor relief and registration of births, deaths and marriages. </li></ul><ul><li>Funding raised from a local council tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Elections based on P.R. system </li></ul><ul><li>Local Council Act 1925 gave the Minister for Local Government the power to dissolve a County Council if it was unable to pass legislation or was involved in corruption </li></ul>Local Government
  9. 9. <ul><li>Presentation prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Particks Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author </li></ul>

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