Home rule crisis


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Home rule crisis

  1. 1. Home Rule Crisis <ul><li>Leaving Cert History </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty and Partition 1912-1949 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Home Rule Crisis <ul><li>Political Crisis in Britain </li></ul><ul><li>What was the effect of this change? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the reaction in Ireland? </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist Response to the UVF </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of Irish Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Home Rule Postponed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Political Crisis in Britain <ul><li>In 1909 the British government was plunged into crisis when the House of Lords rejected the Liberal government budget </li></ul><ul><li>Two general elections in 1910 led to a stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Parliamentary Party (IPP) held the balance of power. </li></ul><ul><li>The Liberal Party passed a law that removed the veto the House of Lords. </li></ul><ul><li>In future the House of Lords could only hold up legislation for two years. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Every time the British Government attempted to introduce Home Rule for Ireland the House of Lords stopped it. </li></ul><ul><li>When the British Government introduced a Bill in 1912 that would grant Home Rule to Ireland, the House of Lords could only delay it for two years. </li></ul>What was the effect of this change?
  5. 5. What was the reaction in Ireland? <ul><li>The Irish Parliamentary Party were very popular in Ireland. </li></ul><ul><li>Unionists felt betrayed by a British government. </li></ul><ul><li>Unionists, under the leadership of Edward Carson, established the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) as an armed group to resist Home Rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Under pressure from the UVF and the Conservative Party the Government proposed that Ulster would be excluded from Home Rule. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nationalist Response to the UVF <ul><li>Establishment of the UVF posed a threat to Nationalists and to Home Rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this many Nationalists welcomed the establishment of the UVF. </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Republican Brotherhood argued that it would allow Nationalists to also establish an armed group to fight for Home Rule for the whole island. </li></ul><ul><li>Irish Volunteers established </li></ul>
  7. 7. Establishment of Irish Volunteers <ul><li>Eoin Mac Neill called a meeting in Dublin on 25 November 1913 to establish the Irish Volunteers. </li></ul><ul><li>The IRB had already begun military training </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations like the GAA and the Gaelic League were actively supporting the idea </li></ul><ul><li>Hundreds attended the meeting in Dublin and meetings followed all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>Within weeks thousands had joined the Irish Volunteers and by the middle of 1914 they had over 110,000 members. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Start of First World War caused postponment of Home Rule until the war was over. </li></ul><ul><li>John Redmond called on the Irish Volunteers to join the British Army </li></ul><ul><li>Eoin MacNeill opposed Redmond. </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Volunteers split </li></ul><ul><li>Over 100,000 supported Redmond who formed the National Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>About 10,000 rejected the call to fight and remained with MacNeill in the Irish Volunteers </li></ul>Home Rule Postponed
  9. 9. <ul><li>Presentation prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Particks Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with author </li></ul>